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EBALL - Electronic Bibliography for African Languages and Linguistics
 
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MAINTAINED BY
Jouni Filip Maho
Partille, Sweden

EMAIL
maho@brevet.nu

UPDATED
2008-01-21

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HADZA BIBLIOGRAPHY


[Anonymous]. 1942.
Tribal map and ethnographic map of Tanganyika Territory. Dar es Salaam: Department of Lands and Mines (Tanganyika).

[Anonymous]. 1952.
Tanganyika Territory: tribal and ethnographic map. New edition, revised. Dar es Salaam: Department of Lands and Mines (Tanganyika).

[Anonymous]. 1955.
Tribal and ethnographic map. Compiled from information supplied by Senior Sociologist. Dar es Salaam.

Ambrose, Stanley Harmon. 1982.
Archaeology and linguistic reconstructions of history in East Africa. The archaeological and linguistic reconstruction of African history, p. 104-157. Edited by Christopher Ehret and Merrick Posnansky. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.

Bagshawe, F.J. 1923.
Rock paintings of the Kangeju Bushman. Man: a record of anthropological science, 23, p. 146-147 (art. 92).

Bagshawe, F.J. 1925.
The peoples of the Happy Valley (East Africa); with an introduction by Sir Harry H. Johnston. Journal of the African Society, 24 (95), p. 25-33.
Notes: Johnston's introduction covers p. 25-26.

Bagshawe, F.J. 1925.
The peoples of the Happy Valley (East Africa): the aboriginal races of Kondoa Irangi. Part 2: the Kangeju. Journal of the African Society, 24 (94), p. 117-130.

Bala, G.G. 1998.
Hadza stories and songs. Translated by Bonny Sands, and edited by Bonny Sands and Will Grundy. Los Angeles: Friends of the Hadzabe. Pp ix, 42.

Batibo, Herman M. 2000.
The linguistic situation of Tanzania. Lugha za Tanzania / Languages of Tanzania: studies dedicated to the memory of Prof. Clement Maganga, p. 5-17. Edited by Kulikoyela Kanalwanda Kahigi, Yared Magori Kihore and Maarten Mous. CNWS (Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies) publications, 89. State University of Leiden.

Baumann, Oskar. 1894.
Durch Massailand zur Nilquelle: Reisen und Forschungen der Massaiexpedition. Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer. Pp xiii, 385, plates.
Reviews etc.: E. Heawood, "Dr Baumann's journey through East Africa", The geographical journal, v. 4 (1894) p. 246-250.
Notes: Includes ethnographic notes on several peoples, plus brief vocabularies for Sandawe, Datooga, and others.

Berger, Paul. 1943.
Überlieferung der Kindiga mit sprachlichen Notizen. Studien zur Auslandskunde (Deutsches Auslandswissenschaftliches Institut): Afrika, 2 (2), p. 97-122.

Bicchieri, Marco Giuseppe. 1969.
A cultural ecological comparative study of three African foraging societies: the net hunting BaMbuti, the southern Kahalari Bushmen, and the Central East African Hadzapi. Contributions to anthropology: band societies, p. 172-183. Edited by David Damas. Bulletins from the National Museums of Canada, 228; anthropological series, 84. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1931.
The Hadzapi or Watindiga of Tanganyika territory. Africa: journal of the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, 4 (3), p. 273-286.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1931.
Traces of former Bushman occupation in Tanganyika Territory. South African journal of science, 28, p. 423-429.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1939/40.
A short survey of Bushman languages. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 30, p. 52-72.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1956.
A Bushman dictionary. Edited by Zellig S. Harris. American Oriental series, 41. New Haven CN: American Oriental Society. Pp xii, 773.
Reviews etc.: C.M. Doke, African studies, v. 16 (1957) p. 142-125; Joseph H. Greenberg, Language, v. 33 (1957) p. 495-497; Ernst Westphal, Africa, v. 27 (1957) p. 203-204; Oswin R.A. Köhler, Afrika und Übersee, v. 43 (1959/60) p. 133-138.
Notes: Contains lexical material from 29 Bushman languages/dialects. Part 1: Bushman-English; Part 2: English-Bushman.

Blench, Roger M. 1997.
Crabs, turtles and frogs: linguistic keys to early African subsistence systems. Archaeology and language, 1: theoretical and methodological orientations, p. 166-183. Edited by Roger M. Blench and Matthew Spriggs. One world archaeology series, 27. London: Routledge.

Blench, Roger M. 1999.
Are the African pygmies an ethnographic fiction?. Central African hunter-gatherers in a multidisciplinary perspective: challenging elusiveness, p. 41-60. Edited by Karen Biesbrouck, Stefan Elders and Gerda Rossel. Leiden: Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies (CNWS), State University of Leiden.
Notes: Discusses many "remnant" populations/languages of Africa, such as Kwadi, Kwisi, Dama, Cimba, Hadza, Sandawe, Okiek, Dahalo, Yaaku, Boni, Ik/Soo (Kuliak), Ongota, Shabo, Oropom, Kujarge, Kajakse, Laal, and Jalaa.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Hawkes, Kristen; Draper [Harpending], Patricia. 1994.
Foraging returns of !Kung adults and children: why didn't !Kung children forage?. Journal of anthropological research, 50 (3), p. 217-248.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Hawkes, Kristen; Draper [Harpending], Patricia. 1994.
Differences between Hadza and !Kung children's work: original affluence or practical reason?. Key issues in hunter-gatherer research, p. 189-215. Edited by Ernest S. Burch jnr and Linda J. Ellana. Oxford & Providence RI: Berg.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F. 1989.
Modelling and measuring costs of children in two foraging societies. Comparative socioecology, p. (?). Edited by V. Standen and R.A. Foley. Special publications from the British Ecological Society, 8. Blackwell Scientific Publ.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F. 1996.
The global process and local ecology: how should we explain differences between the Hadza and the !Kung. Cultural diversity among twentieth-century foragers: an African perspective, p. 159-187. Edited by Susan Kent. Cambridge University Press.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F. 2002.
Antiquity of postreproductive life: are there modern impacts on hunter-gatherer postreproductive lifespans?. American journal of human biology, 14 (2), p. 184-205.

Blurton Jones, Nicholas G.; Smith, Lars C.; O'Connell, James F.; Hawkes, Kristen; Kamuzora, C.L. 1992.
Demography of the Hadza: an increasing and high density population of savanna foragers. American journal of physical anthropology, 89, p. 159-181.

Bräuer, Günter. 1980.
Human skeletal remains from Mumba rock shelter, Northern Tanzania. American journal of physical anthropology, 52, p. 71-84.
Notes: Deals with archaeology in the Hadza area.

Bunn, Henry T. 1993.
Bone assemblages at base camps: a further considerations of carcass transport and bone destruction by the Hadza. From bones to behavior: ethnoarchaeological and experimental contributions to the interpretation of faunal remains, p. 138-155. Edited by Jean Hudson. Occasional papers from the Center for Archaeological Investigations, 21. Carbondale IL: Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University.

Cooper, B. 1949.
The Kindiga. Tanganyika notes and records, 27, p. 8-15.

Dempwolff, Otto. 1916/17.
Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Sprachen in Deutsch-Ostafrika, 12: Wörter der Hatzasprache. Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen, 7, p. 319-325.

Drexel, Albert. 1921/22.
Gliederung der afrikanischen Sprachen [pt. 1]. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 16/17, p. 72-108, map.
Reviews etc.: J.H. Greenberg, "The classification of African languages", American anthropologist, new series, v. 50 (1948) p. 24-30.
Notes: The article as such starts on page 73. On page 72 there is a linguistic-genetic classification of the languages discussed. Facing page 72 there is also a coloured map showing some geographical distributions. This first part discusses Die Khoin-Sprachen (= mainly Nama incl. Sandawe and Hadza!) and Die Wule-Sprachen (= Ubangi plus Fang and Kirundi).

Dyson, Tim. 1977.
The demography of the Hadza: in historical perpspective. African historical demography: proceedings of a seminar held in the Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh, 29th and 30th April 1977, p. 139-154. Centre of African Studies (CAS), University of Edinburgh.
Notes: Compares Hadza and !Kung demography.

Edenmyr, Niklas. 2004.
The semantics of Hadza gender assignment: a few notes from the field. Africa & Asia: Göteborg working papers on Asian and African languages and literatures, 4, p. 3-19.

Ehret, Christopher. 1974.
Ethiopians and East Africans: the problem of contacts. Nairobi historical studies, 3. Nairobi: East African Publ. House. Pp 95.
Reviews etc.: Harold C. Fleming, International journal of African historical studies, v. 11 (1978) p. 267-282.
Notes: Includes discussions about potential Sandawe & Hadza loans in other East African languages.

Ehret, Christopher. 1986.
Proposals on Khoisan reconstruction. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 105-130.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1978.
Loans in Hadza: internal evidence from consonants. Occasional papers from the Department of Foreign Languages, 3. University of Dar es Salaam. Pp 8, 53.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1982.
On the classification of Hadza. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 4, p. 67-82.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1983.
Tanzanian and Ugandan isolates. Nilotic studies: proceedings of the international symposium on languages and history of the Nilotic peoples, Cologne, January 4-6, 1982, v. 2, p. 499-521. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Marianne Bechhaus-Gerst. Kölner Beiträge zur Afrikanistik, 10. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Fleming, Harold C. 1979.
Microtaxonomy: language and blood groups in the African Horn. Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Ethiopian studies, session B, April 13-16, 1978, Chicago, USA, p. 25-49. Edited by Richard Samuel Hess. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Fleming, Harold C. 1986.
Hadza and Sandawe genetic relations. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 157-188.

Fosbrooke, Henry Albert. 1956.
A stone age tribe in Tanganyika. South African archaeological bulletin, 11 (41), p. 3-8.
Notes: Deals with the Hadza.

Gray, Peter. 2002.
Hadza bibliography. Web-document accessed September 2002. Cambridge MA: Peabody Museum, Harvard University.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1950.
Studies in African linguistic classification. Part 6: the Click languages. Southwestern journal of anthropology, 6 (3), p. 223-237.
Reviews etc.: Diedrich Westermann, "African linguistic classification", Africa, v. 22 (1952) p. 250-256.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1970.
Click languages. Encyclopedia americana, 7, p. 67.

Güldemann, Tom. 2001.
Phonological regularities of consonant systems across linguistic lineages. Papers on Africa: languages and literatures series, 16. Leipzig: University of Leipzig. Pp 50.

Güldemann, Tom. 2003.
Khoisan languages. International encyclopedia of linguistics, v. 2, p. 359-362. Second edition. Edited by W.J. Frawley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Güldemann, Tom; Vossen, Rainer. 2000.
Khoisan. African languages: an introduction, p. 99-122. Edited by Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse. Cambridge University Press.

Gulliver, Pamela. 1959.
A tribal map of Tanganyika. Tanganyika notes and records, 52, p. 61-74.

Guthrie, Malcolm; Tucker, Archibald Norman. (Ed.) 1956.
Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, v. 1. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp 146.
Reviews etc.: Mark Hanna Watkins, Language, v. 33 (1956) p. 630-634; W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 21 (1958) p. 434-435; W.H. Whiteley, Human problems in British Central Africa, v. 23 (1958) p. 73-75.

Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F.; Blurton Jones, Nicholas G. 1989.
Hardworking Hadza grandmothers. Comparative socioecology, p. 341-366. Edited by V. Standen and R.A. Foley. Special publications from the British Ecological Society, 8. Blackwell Scientific Publ.

Hawkes, Kristen; O'Connell, James F.; Blurton Jones, Nicholas G. 1995.
Hadza children's foraging: juvenile dependency, social arrangements and mobility among hunter-gatherers. Current anthropology, 36 (4), p. 688-700.

Hiernaux, Jean; Hartono, D. Boedhi. 1980.
Physical measurements of the adult Hadza of Tanzania. Annals of human biology, 7 (4), p. 339-346.

Hirschberg, Walter. 1933.
Gibt es eine Buschmannkultur?. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 65, p. 119-136.

Hirschberg, Walter. 1954.
Die Völker Afrikas. Die neue grosse Völkerkunde, Bd 1, p. 279-564. Edited by Hugo Adolf Bernatzik. Frankfurt-am-Main: Herkul.

Honken, Henry. 1977.
Submerged features and proto-Khoisan. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 145-169. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Honken, Henry. 1988.
Phonetic correspondences among Khoisan affricates. New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, p. 47-65. Edited by Rainer Vossen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 7. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Huzioka, Yosinaru. 1967.
The personality of the Hadzapi. Kyoto University African studies, 2, p. 147-267.

Huzioka, Yosinaru. 1973.
From data and names of animals in Tindiga (Hadzapi - northern Tanzania - hunting tribe): about the characteristics of perception. Kyoto University papers, 8, p. 187-204.

Ikeda, Jiro. 1977.
Racial affinities of the Hadza and Iraqw: a multivariate analysis of physical measurement. Physical anthropology, p. 57-76. Edited by T. Kato, S. Nakao and Tadao Umesao. Tokyo: Chuokoronsha.
Notes: Written in Japanese.

Ikeda, Jiro; Hayama, Sugio. 1982.
The Hadza and the Iraqw in northern Tanzania: dermatographical, anthropological, odontometrical and osteological approaches. African study monographs (Kyoto), 2, p. 1-26.

Ikeda, Jiro; Sugio, Hayama. 1982.
The Hadza and Iraqw in northern Tanzania: dermatographical, anthropometrical, odontometrical and osteological approaches. African study monographs (Kyoto), 2, p. 1-26.

Jelliffe, D.B.; Woodburn, James C.; Bennett, F.J.; Jelliffe, E.F.P. 1962.
The children of the Hadza hunters. Community child health studies in East Africa, 3. Kampala.

Jelliffe, D.B.; Woodburn, James C.; Bennett, F.J.; Jelliffe, E.F.P. 1962.
The children of the Hadza hunters. Journal of pediatrics, 60, p. 907-913.

Jungraithmayr, Herrmann; Möhlig, Wilhelm Johann Georg. 1983.
Lexikon der Afrikanistik: afrikanische Sprachen und ihre Erforschung. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp 351, 3 maps.
Reviews etc.: Rainer Vossen, Tribus, v. 34 (1985) p. 204-206.
Notes: Includes brief sections on a variety of subjects, e.g. "Khoisansprachen" by J.C. Winter (p. 125-127).

Kaare, Bwire T.M. 1994.
The impact of modernization policies on the hunter-gatherer Hadzabe: the case o education and language policies of postindependence Tanzania. Key issues in hunter-gatherer research, p. 315-331. Edited by Ernest S. Burch jnr and Linda J. Ellana. Explorations in anthropology. Oxford & Providence RI: Berg.

Kaare, Bwire T.M.; Woodburn, James C. 1999.
The Hadza of Tanzania. Encyclopedia of hunters and gatherers, p. 200-204. Edited by Richard B. Lee and Richard Daly. Cambridge University Press.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1939.
Bericht über meine Forschungen in Deutsch-Ostafrika (Afrikaexpedition 1934-1936 und 1937-1939) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Fundstätten fossiler Menschenreste (mit Lichtbilder). Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 71, p. 417-424.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1943.
Auf den Spuren des Vormenschen: Forschungen, Fahrten und Erlebnisse ind Deutsch-Ostafrika (Deutsche Afrika-Expedition 1934-1936 und 1937-1939), 2 Bde. Stuttgart: Strecker & Schröder.
Notes: The first volume has a small Hadza wordlist, while the second contains materials on/about Hadza, Sandawe, Kwadza, Iraqw, and Burungi.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. (Ed.) 1956.
Das Elefantenspiel - Mythen, Riesen- und Stammessagen: Völkerzählungen der Tindiga. Kassel: Erich Röth Verlag. Pp 162.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1956.
Das Zauberhorn: Märchen und Tiergeschichten der Tindiga. Eisenach (Deutschland): Erich Röth Verlag. Pp 102.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1958.
Wildbeuter in Ostafrika. Die Tindiga: ein Jäger- und Sammlervolk. Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig; Kohl-Larsen, Margit. 1938.
Felsmalereien in Innerafrika (Ein Bilderwerk geschichtlicher und vorgeschichtlicher Kunst). Stuttgart: Strecker & Schröder.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1987.
Khoisan languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 15th edition, 22, p. 775-778, 813.

Laughlin jnr, Charles D. 1975.
Lexicostatistics and the mystery of So ethnolinguistic relations. Anthropological linguistics, 17 (7), p. 325-341.
Notes: Includes comparisons with, e.g., Sandawe and Hadza.

Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1999.
Clicks in East African languages. African mosaic: festschrift for J.D. Louw, p. 59-91. Edited by Rosalie Finlayson. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Madsen, Andrew. 2000.
The Hadzabe of Tanzania: land and human rights for a hunter-gatherer community. IWGIA documents, 98. Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA). Pp 96.

Maho, Jouni Filip; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2002.
The languages of Tanzania: a bibliography. Orientalia et africana gothoburgensia, 17. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis. Pp ix, 428.
Reviews etc.: Iwona Kraska-Szlenk, Studies of the Department of African Languages and Cultures, Warsaw University, v. 34 (2003) p. 83-85; Angelika Mietzner, Annual publication in African linguistics, v. 1 (2003) p. 138-140; L. Marten, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 67 (2004) p. 451; Martin Walsh, Tanzanian affairs, v. 77 (2004) p. 45-47; Martin Walsh, Azania, v. 40 (2005) p. 144-145.

Marlowe, Frank. 2002.
Why the Hadza are still hunter-gatherers. Ethnicity, hunter-gatherers and the "other": association or assimilation in Africa, p. (?). Edited by Susan Kent. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institute Press.

Marlowe, Frank. 2003.
The Hadza. Encyclopedia of sex and gender, p. 425-432. Edited by Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember. New York: Kluwer Academic Publ.; Plenum Press.

Masao, Fidelis T. 1982.
The rock art of Kondoa and Sindiga: a comparative description. Occasional papers from the National Museum of Tanzania, 5. Pp 49.
Notes: Details wanting.

McDowell, William. 1981.
A brief history of Mangola Hadza. Dar es Salaam: Rift Valley Project, Research Division of the Ministry of Information and Culture (Tanzania).

McDowell, William. 1982.
Hadza relations with foreign researchers. Review of ethnology, 8, p. 103-105.

McDowell, William. 1984.
Hadza ethno-zoology: a hunting peoples' knowledge of wildlife behavior. Dar es Salaam: Rift Valley Project, Research Division of the Ministry of Information and Culture (Tanzania).

Miller, Marc S. (Ed.) 1993.
State of the peoples: a global human rights report on societies in danger. Boston: Beacon Press.
Notes: Includes many sections on African peoples, e.g. "The Ju/'hoan Bushmen: indigenous rights in a new country" (p. 33-39) by Megan Biesele, "Bushman peoples of Namibia and South Africa" (p. 165) by Megan Biesele, "G/wi and G//ana of Botswana" (p. 166-167) by John Hudelson, "Hadzabe of Tanzania" (p. 167-168) by Nicholas Blurton Jones, "Nharo Bushmen of Botswana" (p. 172) by Mathias Guenther, "Okavango Delta peoples of Botswana" (p. 174-175) by John Bock, "Tyua of Zimbabwe" (p. 178) by Robert K. Hitchcock, and more.

Moffet, J.P. 1958.
Handbook of Tanganyika. Second edition. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer. Pp xi, 703, 9 fold-out maps.
Notes: Contains much ethnographic information about various Tanzanian peoples. The first edition was edited by Gerald F. Sayers in 1930.

Mous, Maarten. 2003.
Loss of linguistic diversity in Africa. Language death and language maintenance: theoretical, practical and descriptive approaches, p. 157-170. Edited by Mark Janse and Sijmen Tol. Current issues in linguistic theory, 240. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publ.

Müller-Beck, Hansjörgen. 1978.
Die archäologischen und anthropologischen Ergebnisse der Kohl-Larsen-Expeditionen in Nord-Tanzania 1933-1939. Tübinger Monographien zur Urgeschichte, 4. Tübingen: Verlag Archaeologia Venatoria für das Institut für Urgeschichte, Eberhard-Karls-Universität.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi. 1985.
Attempts to develop the Hadzabe of Tanzania. Nomadic peoples (Montréal), 18, p. 17-26.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi. 1985.
Local participating in development decisions: an introduction. Nomadic peoples (Montréal), 18, p. 3-6.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi. 1988.
Free or doomed? Images of the Hadzabe hunters and gatherers of Tanzania. Hunters and gatherers, 1: history, evolution and social change, p. 65-72. Edited by Tim Ingold, David Riches and James C. Woodburn. Explorations in anthropology. Oxford & Providence RI: Berg.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi. 1990.
Who are they, enemies or partners? Perceptions of land use and land rights among the Hadzabe hunters and gatherers and their neighbours. Papers & abstracts: sixth international conference on hunting and gathering societies (CHAGS 6), Fairbanks, Alaska, May 27 - June 1, 1990, v. 2, p. 957-970. Fairbanks AK: University of Alaska.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi; Waane, Simon Alcuin Cornelio. 1982.
The effect of research on the Hadzabe, a hunting and gathering group of Tanzania. Review of ethnology, 8, p. 94-105.

Ndagala, Daniel Kyaruzi; Zengu, Naftali. 1989.
From the raw to the cooked: Hadzabe perceptions of their past. Who needs the past? Indigenous values and archaeology, p. 51-56. Edited by Robert Layton. One world archaeology series, 5. London: Unwin Hyman.

Nurse, Derek. 1977.
Language and history on Mount Kilimanjaro, the Pare Mountains and the Taita Hills. PhD thesis. University of Dar es Salaam.
Notes: Published 1979 as Classification of the Chaga dialects.

Nurse, Derek. 1979.
Classification of the Chaga dialects: language and history on Kilimanjaro, the Taita Hills and the Pare Mountains. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag. Pp 584.
Notes: Publication (revised?) of the author's dissertation (Language and history on Mount Kilimanjaro, the Pare Mountains and the Taita Hillsī), University of Dar es Salaam, 1977. Includes a section titled "Loans from Khoisan" (p. 538-539).

O'Connell, James F. 1993.
Discussion: subsistence and settlement interpretations. From bones to behavior: ethnoarchaeological and experimental contributions to the interpretation of faunal remains, p. 169-178. Edited by Jean Hudson. Occasional papers from the Center for Archaeological Investigations, 21. Carbondale IL: Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University.

O'Connell, James F.; Hawkes, Kristen. 1988.
Hadza hunting, butchering and bone transport and their archaeological implications. Journal of anthropological research, 44 (2), p. 113-161.

O'Connell, James F.; Hawkes, Kristen; Blurton Jones, Nicholas G. 1988.
Hadza scavenging: implications for plio/pleistocene hominid subsistence. Current anthropology, 29 (2), p. 356-363.

O'Connell, James F.; Hawkes, Kristen; Blurton Jones, Nicholas G. 1989.
Reanalysis of large mammal body part transport among the Hadza. Journal of archaeological science, 16, p. 1-16.

O'Connell, James F.; Hawkes, Kristen; Blurton Jones, Nicholas G. 1991.
Distribution of refuse-producing activities at Hadza residential base camps: implications for analyses of archaeological site structure. The interpretation of archaeological spatial patterning, p. 61-77. Edited by Ellen M. Kroll and T.D. Price. New York: Plenum Press.

Obst, Erich. 1911.
Von Kilimatinde durch die Landschaft Turu nach Mkalama: vorläufiger Bericht der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft (1). Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 25, p. 75-97.

Obst, Erich. 1912.
Von Mkalama ins Land der Wakindega: vorläufiger Bericht der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft (2). Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 26, p. 1-45.
Notes: Has some linguistic notes on Hadza (Whiteley & Gutkind 1958).

Obst, Erich. 1915.
Das abflusslose Rumpfschollenland im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika [pt. 1]. Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 29 (1), p. 4-268.
Reviews etc.: Harry H. Johnston, The geographical journal, v. 57 (1921) p. 296-297.

Obst, Erich. 1923.
Das abflusslose Rumpfschollenland im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika [pt. 2]. Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 35 (2), p. 1-330.

Oliver, James S. 1993.
Carcass processing by the Hadza: bone breakage from butchery to consumption. From bones to behavior: ethnoarchaeological and experimental contributions to the interpretation of faunal remains, p. 200-227. Edited by Jean Hudson. Occasional papers from the Center for Archaeological Investigations, 21. Carbondale IL: Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University.

Olson, Howard S. 1963.
Unpublished notes on the Hadza language. Singida (Tanganyika): Ihanja Mission.
Notes: Referred to by Levy (1968:13), who in turn refers to Raa (1963:48).

Planert, Wilhelm. 1926/27.
Die Schnalzsprachen. Bibliotheca africana (Innsbruck), 2, p. 296-315.
Notes: Compares lexical items in Bari, Masai, Bornu, Nandi, Somali, Bedauye, Kunama, Avukaya, Bilin, Kafa, etc.

Polomé, Edgar Charles. 1980.
The languages of Tanzania. Language in Tanzania, p. 3-25. Edited by Edgar Charles Polomé and Charles Peter Hill. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Pörr, Martin. 1984.
Hadzapi, Hadza, Hatza, Hadzabe, Wahadzabe, Wakindiga, WaTindiga, Tindiga, Kindiga, Hadzapi? Eine Wildbeuter-Kultur in Ostafrika. Herausgegeben von Hansjürgen Müller-Beck. Tübingen: Mo Vince Verlag. Pp 98.

Power, Camilla; Watts, Ian. 1997.
The woman with the zebra's penis: gender, mutability and performance. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, new series, 3, p. 537-560.

Reche, Otto. 1914.
Zur Ethnographie des abflussen Gebietes Deutsch-Ostafrikas: auf Grund der Sammlung der Ostafrika-Expedition (Dr E. Obst) der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg. Abhandlungen der hamburgischen Kolonial-Instituts, 17; Reihe B: Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 11. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter & Co. Pp xii, 130.

Reche, Otto. 1914.
Die Kindiga. Zur Ethnographie des abflussen Gebietes Deutsch-Ostafrikas: auf Grund der Sammlung der Ostafrika-Expedition (Dr E. Obst) der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, p. 5-130. Abhandlungen der hamburgischen Kolonial-Instituts, 17; Reihe B: Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 11. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter & Co.

Ried, H.A. 1915.
Zur Anthropologie des abflusslosen Rumpfschollenlandes im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika (auf Grund der Sammlung des Ostafrika-Expedition (Dr E. Obst) der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg). Abhandlungen der hamburgischen Kolonial-Instituts, 31; Reihe B: Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 17. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter & Co. Pp 293.

Rubagumya, Cashmir M. 1990.
Language in Tanzania. Language in education in Africa: a Tanzanian perspective, p. 5-14. Edited by Cashmir M. Rubagumya. Multilingual matters, 57. Clevedon UK: Multilingual Matters.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1992/95.
Unpublished fieldnotes on Hadza.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1995.
Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships: the case of Khoisan. PhD thesis. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) dissertations in linguistics, 14. Los Angeles. Pp xiii, 184.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
The linguistic relationship between Hadza and Khoisan. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 266-283. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Comparison and classification of Khoisan languages. Language history and linguistic description in Africa, p. 75-85. Edited by Ian Maddieson and Thomas Joseph Hinnebusch. Trends in African linguistics, 2. Trenton NJ & Asmara: Africa World Press.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Eastern and southern African Khoisan: evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationship. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 14. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 256.
Notes: Revision of the author's dissertation (Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships), University of California at Los Angeles, 1995.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2001.
Borrowing and diffusion as a source of lexical similarities in Khoesan. Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, p. 200-224.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]; Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter. 1991.
Unpublished fieldnotes on Hadza.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]; Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter. 1993.
The phonetic structures of Hadza. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) working papers in phonetics, 84, p. 67-87.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]; Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter. 1996.
The phonetic structures of Hadza. Studies in African linguistics, 25 (2), p. 171-204.
Notes: Reprint?

Smith, Lars C. 19xx.
Unpublished Hadza wordlist.

Sommer, Gabi [Gabriele]. 1992.
A survey on language death in Africa. Language death: factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, p. 301-417. Edited by Matthias Brenzinger. Contributions to the sociology of language, 64. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Notes: Survey of endangered languages in Africa, incl. Hadza (p. 350-351).

Soodyall, Himla; Jenkins, Trefor. 1998.
Khoisan prehistory: the evidence of genes. The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, p. 374-382. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese and Chris Loff. Cape Town: Infosource in association with the Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape.

Stephenson, James. 2001.
The language of the land. New York & Maidenhead UK: St. Martin's Press; Melia. Pp 224.

Stiles, Daniel. 1981.
Hunters of the northern East African coast: origins and historical processes. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 51 (4), p. 848-862.
Notes: Discusses possible Khoesan connections with Dahalo, among other things.

Stiles, Daniel. 1995.
The Hadzabe of Tanzania: people and land in trouble. Kenya past and present, 27, p. 39-44.
Notes: Utilizes a strange transcription; implied to be the same as that used by Bleek and Woodburn -- is it?

Swynnerton, G.H. 1946.
Vernacular names for some of the better-known mammals in the Central Province, Tanganyika Territory. Tanganyika notes and records, 21, p. 21-38.
Notes: Includes samples of several languages.

Tan, Gerard. 1995.
Vowel harmony in Hadza. Undergraduate paper. National University of Singapore.

Tomita, K. 1966.
The sources of food of the Hadzapi tribe: the life of a hunting tribe in East Africa. Tokyo University African studies, 1, p. (?).

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1967.
Fringe Cushitic: an experiment in typological comparison. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 30 (3), p. 655-680.

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1967.
Erythraic elements and patternings: some East African findings. African language review, 6, p. 17-25.

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1970.
Erythraic relics in East Africa. Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Ethiopian studies, Addis Abeba 1966, v. 2, p. 23-25. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Haile Selassie I University.
Notes: Discusses Hadza, Sandawe, Kuliak and South Cushitic languages.

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1975.
Problems of typology in the classification of the non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa. African and Asian studies, seminar series, 21. Khartoum: Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of Khartoum. Pp 47.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa. With a supplement on the non-Bantu languages of southern Africa by Ernst O.J. Westphal. Handbook of African languages, 3. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp xv, 228.
Reviews etc.: W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 19 (1957) p. 616-617.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
Far eastern section: Great Lakes to Indian Ocean. Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, v. 1, p. 123-143. Edited by Malcolm Guthrie and Archibald Norman Tucker. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1957.
Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, 4: languages of the eastern section, Great Lakes to Indian Ocean. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp 89.
Reviews etc.: Mark Hanna Watkins, Language, v. 33 (1956) p. 630-634; R.A. Snoxall, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 21 (1958) p. 666-667.
Notes: Includes brief descriptive sections for several languages, e.g. "Characteristics of Vanuma [Vanuma, Nyali]" (p. 10-12), "Characteristics of Konzo [Konzo, Kobi]" (p. 13-16), "Characteristics of the Inter-Lacustrine Group [Bwisi, Tooro, Nyoro, Ganda, Soga]" (p. 17-20), "Characteristics of Gisu Group [Gisu, Bukusu]" (p. 21-24), "Characteristics of Luhya Group [Hanga, Xaayo, Isuxa]" (p. 25-28), "Characteristics of Gusii Group [Gusii, Kuria, Nata]" (p. 29-32), "Characteristics of Sukuma" (p. 33-34), "Characteristics of Nilyamba Group [Nilyamba, Rimi, Langi]" (p. 35-39), "Characteristics of Gogo Group [Gogo, Kagulu]" (p. 40-43), "Characteristics of Zigula and Ngulu" (p. 44-47), "Characteristics of Shambaa [and Bondei]" (p. 48-51), "Characteristics of Shaka (Chagga)" (p. 52-54), "Characteristics of Gikuyu (Kikuyu) Group [Gikuyu, Tharaka, Kamba]" (p. 55-58), "The Swahili Group [Bajuni/Tikuu, Giryama]" (p. 59-62), "The Taita Group [Teri, Dabida, Pokomo]" (p. 63-68), "Characteristics of Amba (and Hyanzi)" (p. 69-71), "Characteristics of Mbugu" (p. 72-74), "Moru-Mangbeti vocabularies [Mv'uba, Druna (Southern Lendu)]" (p. 75-76), "Nilotic vocabularies [Alur, Acoli, Lango, Adhola, Luo]" (p. 77-78), "Nilo-Hamitic vocabularies [Teso, Maasai, Nandi]" (p. 79-83), "Cushitic vocabularies [Oromo/Galla, Somali]" (p. 84-85), "Iraqw vocabulary" (p. 86-87), "Sandawe and Hadza vocabularies" (p. 88), "Sanye vocabulary" (p. 89).

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel; Woodburn, James C. 1977.
The East African click languages: a phonetic comparison. Zur Sprachgeschichte und Ethnohistorie in Afrika, p. 301-323. Edited by Wilhelm Johann Georg Möhlig, Franz Rottland and Bernd Heine. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Vincent, Anne Stuart. 1985.
Plant foods in savanna environments: a preliminary report of tubers eaten by the Hadza of northern Tanzania. World archaeology, 17 (2), p. 131-148.

Vincent, Anne Stuart. 1985.
Wild tubers as a harvestable resource in the East African savannas: ecological and ethnographic studies. PhD thesis. University of California at Berkeley. Pp 469.

Vincent, Anne Stuart; Cheney, Ros. 1986.
Shayamo. The Hadza, bush people of Tanzania (1. Third day of the Barai; 2. Women's work; 3. The vervet monkey feast), 3 sound cassettes (180 minutes). Sydney: ABC Radio.

Vincent, Anne Stuart; Cheney, Ros. 1988.
The house of Hashi and Halima, 1 sound cassette (90 minutes). Sydney: ABC Radio.

Voogt, A.J. de. 1992.
Some phonetic aspects of Hatsa and Sandawe clicks. Beschrijvende scriptie als vereiste ter verkrijging van de graad van doctorandus in afrikaanse taalkunde. Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden. Pp 105.

Wagner, Annette. 2000.
Hadithi za Wahadzabe kutoka Tanzania [Hadza stories from Tanzania]. Tübingen & Mang'ola (Tanzania): Südwestrundfunk; Gesellschaft für Urgeschichte und Förderverein des Urgeschichtlichen Museums Blaubeuren.
Notes: Hadza stories translated into Swahili. Printed in Tanzania with free distribution among students.

Wagner, Annette. 2000/01.
Hadzabe inamana: nasi tu-binadamu, wawindaji na wakusanyaji wa muisho Tanzania / Hadzabe means: us people, the last hunters and gatherers of Tanzania / Hadzabe heisst: wir Menschen, die letzten Jäger und Sammler in Tansania. Video film. Baden-Baden: Südwestrundfunk.
Notes: The Swahili title contains typo. It should read "Hadzabe ina maana".

Wagner, Annette. 2000/01.
Wakimbiao kwa uoga...: picha za vizazi vya mababu zao za rudi Tanzania / Those who are running...: their ancestors' pictures return to Tanzania / Die da laufen...: die Bilder der Ahnen kehren zurück nach Tansania. Video film. Baden-Baden: Südwestrundfunk.
Notes: The Swahili title reads literally as "Those who run in fear...".

Wagner, Joachim. 1988.
Untersuchungen zur Grammatik des Hadza. Magisterarbeit. Universität Hamburg.

Wagner, Joachim. 1991/92.
Unpublished Hadza fieldnotes.

Wazaki, Yoichi. 1966.
Some preliminary notes on the tribes in the local society of East Africa. Afurika kenkyu/Journal of African studies (Tokyo), 3, p. 66.
Notes: In Japanese?

Wazaki, Yoichi. 1970.
On the tribes of Mangola village. Kyoto University African studies, 5, p. 47-79.

Westermann, Diedrich. 1952.
African linguistic classification. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 22, p. 250-256.
Notes: Review article on Greenberg's "Studies in African linguistic classification" which had appeared in Southwestern journal of anthropology, vols 5 (1949) and 6 (1950).

Westermann, K.-L.V. 1939/40.
Bericht über meine Forschungen in Deutsch-Ost-Afrika. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 30, p. 415ff.
Notes: Unsure about the date and vol no.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1971.
The click languages of southern and eastern Africa. Current trends in linguistics, 7: linguistics in sub-Saharan Africa, p. 367-420. Edited by Thomas Albert Sebeok. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Wilson, G.E.H. 1931.
Unusual language and physique in Tanganyika. Man: a record of anthropological science, 31, p. 235 (art. 231).
Notes: Wilson talks about a click language near Mbulu. Could be Hadza.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Khoisan. Die Sprachen Afrikas, p. 329-374. Edited by Bernd Heine, Thilo C. Schadeberg and Ekkehard Wolff. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1986.
Structural specifics of hunter-gatherer kinship nomenclature: comparative African evidence from Khoisan, Mbuti and Dorobo. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 433-452.
Notes: The title of the article appears as "Structural specifics of hunter-gatherer kinship terminology" in the table of contents.

Woodburn, James C. 1962.
The future of the Tindiga. Tanganyika notes and records, 58/59, p. 268-273.

Woodburn, James C. 1964.
Social organisation of the Hadza of north Tanganyika. PhD thesis. Department of Anthropology, University of Cambridge.

Woodburn, James C. 1968.
Stability and flexibility in Hadza residential grouping. Man the hunter, p. (?). Edited by Richard B. Lee and Irven DeVore. Chicago: Aldine Publ.

Woodburn, James C. 1968.
An introduction to Hadza ecology. Man the hunter, p. 49-55. Edited by Richard B. Lee and Irven DeVore. Chicago: Aldine Publ.

Woodburn, James C. 1970.
Hunters and gatherers: the material culture of the nomadic Hadza. London: British Museum. Pp 60, 32 plates.

Woodburn, James C. 1972.
Ecology, nomadic movement and the composition of the local group among hunters and gatherers: an East African example and its implications. Man, settlement and urbanism: research seminar in archaeology, p. 193-206. Edited by Peter J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G.M. Dimbleby. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co.

Woodburn, James C. 1979.
Minimal politics: the political organization of the Hadza of north Tanzania. Politics in leadership: a comparative perspective, p. 244-266. Edited by William A. Shack and P.S. Cohen. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Woodburn, James C. 1980.
Hunters and gatherers today and reconstruction of the past. Soviet and Western anthropology, p. 95-117. Edited by E. Gellner. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co.

Woodburn, James C. 1982.
Social dimensions of death in four African hunting and gathering societies. Death and the regeneration of life, p. 187-210. Edited by Maurice Bloch and Jonathan Parry. Cambridge University Press.

Woodburn, James C. 1982.
Egalitarian societies. Man, new series, 17 (3), p. 431-451.

Woodburn, James C. 1995.
Als Jäger und Sammler diskriminiert: die Hadzabe wollen in Tansania anerkannt werden. Pogrom: Zeitschrift für bedrohte Völker (Hamburg), 185 (26), p. 15-17.

Woodburn, James C. 1997.
Indigenous discrimination: the ideological basis for local discrimination against hunter-gatherer minorities in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethnic and racial studies, 20 (2), p. 345-361.

Woodburn, James C.; Hudson, S. 1966.
The Hadza: the food quest of an East African hunting and gathering tribe. Film (16mm). London School of Economics.

Zwanenberg, R.M. van. 1976.
Dorobo hunting and gathering: a way of life or a mode of production?. African economic history, 2, p. 12-21.
Notes: The discussion makes references to various hunter-gatherers, including sixteen Maa-speaking groups (e.g. Aramanik, 'Taturu'), fourteen Kikuyu-speaking groups, five Kalenjin/Nandi-speaking groups (e.g. Okiek), five Galla (Oromo)-speaking groups, two Somali-speaking groups, plus five others (incl. Hadza).


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