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EBALL - Electronic Bibliography for African Languages and Linguistics
 
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MAINTAINED BY
Jouni Filip Maho
Partille, Sweden

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UPDATED
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SANDAWE BIBLIOGRAPHY


[Anonymous]. 1942.
Tribal map and ethnographic map of Tanganyika Territory. Dar es Salaam: Department of Lands and Mines (Tanganyika).

[Anonymous]. 1952.
Tanganyika Territory: tribal and ethnographic map. New edition, revised. Dar es Salaam: Department of Lands and Mines (Tanganyika).

[Anonymous]. 1955.
Tribal and ethnographic map. Compiled from information supplied by Senior Sociologist. Dar es Salaam.

Ambrose, Stanley Harmon. 1982.
Archaeology and linguistic reconstructions of history in East Africa. The archaeological and linguistic reconstruction of African history, p. 104-157. Edited by Christopher Ehret and Merrick Posnansky. Berkeley, Los Angeles & London: University of California Press.

Bagshawe, F.J. 1924/25.
The peoples of the Happy Valley (East Africa): the aboriginal races of Kondoa Irangi. Part 3: the Sandawi. Journal of the African Society, 24, p. 219-227, 328-347.

Bagshawe, F.J. 1925.
The peoples of the Happy Valley (East Africa); with an introduction by Sir Harry H. Johnston. Journal of the African Society, 24 (95), p. 25-33.
Notes: Johnston's introduction covers p. 25-26.

Batibo, Herman M. 2000.
The linguistic situation of Tanzania. Lugha za Tanzania / Languages of Tanzania: studies dedicated to the memory of Prof. Clement Maganga, p. 5-17. Edited by Kulikoyela Kanalwanda Kahigi, Yared Magori Kihore and Maarten Mous. CNWS (Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies) publications, 89. State University of Leiden.

Baumann, Oskar. 1894.
Durch Massailand zur Nilquelle: Reisen und Forschungen der Massaiexpedition. Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer. Pp xiii, 385, plates.
Reviews etc.: E. Heawood, "Dr Baumann's journey through East Africa", The geographical journal, v. 4 (1894) p. 246-250.
Notes: Includes ethnographic notes on several peoples, plus brief vocabularies for Sandawe, Datooga, and others. Contains "allusions" to Gogo, according to Johnston (1919:791).

Blench, Roger M. 1999.
Are the African pygmies an ethnographic fiction?. Central African hunter-gatherers in a multidisciplinary perspective: challenging elusiveness, p. 41-60. Edited by Karen Biesbrouck, Stefan Elders and Gerda Rossel. Leiden: Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies (CNWS), State University of Leiden.
Notes: Discusses many "remnant" populations/languages of Africa, such as Kwadi, Kwisi, Dama, Cimba, Hadza, Sandawe, Okiek, Dahalo, Yaaku, Boni, Ik/Soo (Kuliak), Ongota, Shabo, Oropom, Kujarge, Kajakse, Laal, and Jalaa.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1992.
Patterns of language shift in East Africa. Language and society in Africa: the theory and practice of sociolinguistics, p. 287-303. Edited by Robert K. Herbert. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Copland, B.D. 1938.
Notes on the phonetics of Sandawe. Le maître phonétique, 53, p. 60-64.

Cory, Hans [Koritschoner]. 19xx.
Native plant names [Latin, Kisukuma, Kinyamwezi, Kinyaramba, Kinyaturu, Kirangi, Kitaturu, Kimassai, Kisandawe, Kigogo]. Handwritten manuscript, ref. EAF CORY 352. Hans Cory Collection, University of Dar es Salaam Library. Pp 90.

Dalgish, Gerard Matthew. 1979.
Subject identification strategies and free word order in Sandawe. Studies in African linguistics, 10 (3), p. 273-310.

Dempwolff, Otto. 1916.
Die Sandawe: linguistisches und ethnographisches Material aus Deutsch-Ostafrika. Abhandlungen der hamburgischen Kolonial-Instituts, 34; Reihe B: Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 19. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter & Co. Pp v, 180.
Reviews etc.: Carl Meinhof, Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen, v. 6 (1915/16) p. 332.
Notes: Reprinted 1971 by Friederichsen in Hamburg.

Dobashi, Yoshihito. 2001.
Agrement and word order in Sandawe. Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, p. (?).

Dobashi, Yoshihito. 2002.
Downstep and phonological phrasing in Sandawe. Working papers from Cornell Phonetics Laboratory, 14, p. (?).
Notes: Not sure of this one article among several, or if it occupies the whole issue.

Dobashi, Yoshihito. 2004.
Phonological phrasing in Sandawe. Proceedings of the 4th world congress of African linguistics, New Brunswick 2003, p. (?). Edited by Akinbiyi M. Akinlabí and Oluseye Adesola. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Drexel, Albert. 1921/22.
Gliederung der afrikanischen Sprachen [pt. 1]. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 16/17, p. 72-108, map.
Reviews etc.: J.H. Greenberg, "The classification of African languages", American anthropologist, new series, v. 50 (1948) p. 24-30.
Notes: The article as such starts on page 73. On page 72 there is a linguistic-genetic classification of the languages discussed. Facing page 72 there is also a coloured map showing some geographical distributions. This first part discusses Die Khoin-Sprachen (= mainly Nama incl. Sandawe and Hadza!) and Die Wule-Sprachen (= Ubangi plus Fang and Kirundi).

Drexel, Albert. 1929/30.
Das grammatische Geschlecht im Nama und Sandawe. Bibliotheca africana (Innsbruck), 3, p. 51-58.

Duma, Pius Ludoviki. 19xx.
Maandishi ya lugha ya Kisandawe: historia yake [The literature of Sandawe: its history]. Manuscript.
Notes: Includes a Sandawe vocabulary. Referred to by Kiessling (2002).

Eaton, Helen Catherine. 2001.
Word order and focus in the Sandawe irrealis. Reading working papers in linguistics, 5, p. 113-135.

Eaton, Helen Catherine. 2002.
The grammar of focus in Sandawe. PhD thesis. University of Reading. Pp 318.

Eaton, Helen Catherine. 2005.
Focus as a key to the grammar of Sandawe. Occasional papers in linguistics (OPiL) (Dar es Salaam), 1, p. 9-37.

Eaton, Helen Catherine. 2006.
Illustrations of the IPA: Sandawe. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 41, p. 158-166.

Eaton, Helen Catherine; Hunziker, Daniel; Hunziker, Elisabeth. 2007.
A Sandawe dialect survey. SIL electronic survey reports (SILESR), 2007-014. SIL International. Pp 71.

Ehret, Christopher. 1974.
Ethiopians and East Africans: the problem of contacts. Nairobi historical studies, 3. Nairobi: East African Publ. House. Pp 95.
Reviews etc.: Harold C. Fleming, International journal of African historical studies, v. 11 (1978) p. 267-282.
Notes: Includes discussions about potential Sandawe & Hadza loans in other East African languages.

Ehret, Christopher. 1986.
Proposals on Khoisan reconstruction. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 105-130.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1983.
Tanzanian and Ugandan isolates. Nilotic studies: proceedings of the international symposium on languages and history of the Nilotic peoples, Cologne, January 4-6, 1982, v. 2, p. 499-521. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Marianne Bechhaus-Gerst. Kölner Beiträge zur Afrikanistik, 10. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1986.
Diachronic inferences from basic sentence and noun structure in central Khoisan and Sandawe. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 131-156.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1989.
The significance and origin of the use of pitch in Sandawe. PhD thesis. University of York (UK).

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1991.
Clause structure and tone in Sandawe. York papers in linguistics, 15, p. 93-115.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1992.
Predictable nasality before East African clicks. Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 29, p. 111-129.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1998.
Sandawe stems. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 13-33. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Fleming, Harold C. 1979.
Microtaxonomy: language and blood groups in the African Horn. Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Ethiopian studies, session B, April 13-16, 1978, Chicago, USA, p. 25-49. Edited by Richard Samuel Hess. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Fleming, Harold C. 1986.
Hadza and Sandawe genetic relations. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 157-188.

Fosbrooke, Henry Albert; Ginner, P.; Leakey, Louis Seymour Bazett; Fosbrooke, Jane. 1950.
Tanganyika rock paintings. Tanganyika notes and records, 29, p. 1-61.
Notes: Credited to H.A. Fosbrooke as compiler. Contains several sections.

Fozzard, P.M.H. 1959.
Some rock paintings in south and south-west Kondoa-Irangi District, Central Province. Tanganyika notes and records, 52, p. 94-110.

Fozzard, P.M.H. 1966.
Some rock paintings of western USandawe. Tanzania notes and records, 65, p. 57-62.

Godsey, Larry Dennis. 1975.
Musical form in Sandawe góu and kerem'ta songs. MA thesis. University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Pp 175.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1950.
Studies in African linguistic classification. Part 6: the Click languages. Southwestern journal of anthropology, 6 (3), p. 223-237.
Reviews etc.: Diedrich Westermann, "African linguistic classification", Africa, v. 22 (1952) p. 250-256.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1970.
Click languages. Encyclopedia americana, 7, p. 67.

Greenway, P.J. 1947.
A veterinary glossary of some tribal languages of Tanganyika Territory. East African agricultural journal of Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda and Zanzibar, 13, p. 237-244.
Notes: Includes samples from the Bantu languages Swahili G40, Bena G63, Moshi Chagga E622, Fipa M13, Gogo G11, Ha JD66, Haya JE22, Hehe G62, Jita JE25, Kinga G65, Kizu JE402, Koma JE45, Kuria JE43, Luri JE253, Mbugwe F34, Meru E621, Nata JE45, Ngureme JE401, Nguu G34, Nyakyusa M31, Nyamwanga M22, Nyamwezi F22, Nyaturu F32, Nyiha M23, Nyiramba F31, Pimbwe M11, Rangi F33, Safwa M25, Sangi G61, Sukuma F21, Tusi (in Rwanda) JD61, Wanda M21, Zanaki JE44, the Nilotic languages Arusha, Barabaig, Jaruo (or Luo), Masai, the Khoesan language Sandawe, and the South Cushitic languages Burunge, Gorowa, and Iraqw.

Güldemann, Tom. 2001.
Phonological regularities of consonant systems across linguistic lineages. Papers on Africa: languages and literatures series, 16. Leipzig: University of Leipzig. Pp 50.

Güldemann, Tom. 2003.
Khoisan languages. International encyclopedia of linguistics, v. 2, p. 359-362. Second edition. Edited by W.J. Frawley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Güldemann, Tom; Vossen, Rainer. 2000.
Khoisan. African languages: an introduction, p. 99-122. Edited by Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse. Cambridge University Press.

Gulliver, Pamela. 1959.
A tribal map of Tanganyika. Tanganyika notes and records, 52, p. 61-74.

Guthrie, Malcolm; Tucker, Archibald Norman. (Ed.) 1956.
Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, v. 1. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp 146.
Reviews etc.: Mark Hanna Watkins, Language, v. 33 (1956) p. 630-634; W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 21 (1958) p. 434-435; W.H. Whiteley, Human problems in British Central Africa, v. 23 (1958) p. 73-75.

Haas, Rudolf de. 1927.
Der Zug nach Sonjo. Im Sattel für Deutsch-Ost: auf Wildpfad und Feindesfährten, p. (?). Berlin: Karl Winckler/Brunnen Verlag.
Notes: There might be an earlier edition/printing of this.

Hamp, E.P. 1962.
A point of Sandawe law. Journal of African languages, 1 (2), p. (?).

Hirschberg, Walter. 1933.
Gibt es eine Buschmannkultur?. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 65, p. 119-136.

Hirschberg, Walter. 1954.
Die Völker Afrikas. Die neue grosse Völkerkunde, Bd 1, p. 279-564. Edited by Hugo Adolf Bernatzik. Frankfurt-am-Main: Herkul.

Honken, Henry. 1977.
Submerged features and proto-Khoisan. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 145-169. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Honken, Henry. 1988.
Phonetic correspondences among Khoisan affricates. New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, p. 47-65. Edited by Rainer Vossen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 7. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Hunter, G. 1952.
A Sandawe climbing rope. Tanganyika notes and records, 33, p. 93.

Jackson, C.H.N. 1936.
Vernacular names of East African mammals [edited by C.F.M. Swynnerton]. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 84, p. 547-552.
Notes: Includes specimens from several Tanzanian languages, e.g. Gogo, Haya, Hehe, Langi, Zigula, Sagala, Sukuma, Sandawe (Whiteley & Gutkind 1958).

Jellicoe, Marguerite. 1978.
The long path: a case study of social change in Wahi, Singida District, Tanzania. Nairobi: East African Publ. House.

Jungraithmayr, Herrmann; Möhlig, Wilhelm Johann Georg. 1983.
Lexikon der Afrikanistik: afrikanische Sprachen und ihre Erforschung. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp 351, 3 maps.
Reviews etc.: Rainer Vossen, Tribus, v. 34 (1985) p. 204-206.
Notes: Includes brief sections on a variety of subjects, e.g. "Khoisansprachen" by J.C. Winter (p. 125-127).

Kagaya, Ryohei. 1990.
Jiyuu gojun gengo deno gojun seegen: Sandawe-go no baai [Restriction on word order in a free word order language: the case of the Sandawe language]. Journal of Asian and African studies / Ajia Afuriku gengo bunka kenkyu, 40, p. 1-12.

Kagaya, Ryohei. 1993.
A classified vocabulary of the Sandawe language. Asian and African lexicon series, 26. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. Pp x, 2, 144.

Kagaya, Ryohei. 1994.
Sandawe-go no shinkou hyougen de no go no gruupu ni tsuite: syukaku setsuji no kousetsu ni kanshite [A word group in the progressive expression of the Sandawe language: concerning the suffixation of a subject marker]. Journal of Asian and African studies / Ajia Afuriku gengo bunka kenkyu, 46/47, p. 175-187.

Kähler-Meyer, Emmi. 1954.
Martin van de Kimmenades Grammatik und Vokabular der Sandawe-Sprache. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 49 (1/2), p. 290-294.

Kiessling, Roland. 2002.
Verbal plurality in Sandawe. Hamburger afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (HAAP), 1, p. 59-90.

Kimmenade, Martin van de. 1936.
Les Sandawe (territoire du Tanganyika, Afrique). Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 31, p. 395-416.

Kimmenade, Martin van de. 1954.
Essai de grammaire et vocabulaire de la langue Sandawe. Micro bibliotheca anthropos, 9. Posieux: Anthropos-Institut. Pp 120.
Reviews etc.: Emmi Kähler-Meyer, "Martin van de Kimmenades Grammatik und Vokabular der Sandawe-Sprache", Anthropos, v. 49 (1954) p. 290-294.
Notes: Contains comparisons with Khoekhoe.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1939.
Bericht über meine Forschungen in Deutsch-Ostafrika (Afrikaexpedition 1934-1936 und 1937-1939) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Fundstätten fossiler Menschenreste (mit Lichtbilder). Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 71, p. 417-424.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig. 1943.
Auf den Spuren des Vormenschen: Forschungen, Fahrten und Erlebnisse ind Deutsch-Ostafrika (Deutsche Afrika-Expedition 1934-1936 und 1937-1939), 2 Bde. Stuttgart: Strecker & Schröder.
Notes: The first volume has a small Hadza wordlist, while the second contains materials on/about Hadza, Sandawe, Kwadza, Iraqw, and Burungi.

Kohl-Larsen, Ludwig; Kohl-Larsen, Margit. 1938.
Felsmalereien in Innerafrika (Ein Bilderwerk geschichtlicher und vorgeschichtlicher Kunst). Stuttgart: Strecker & Schröder.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1973/74.
Neuere Ergebnisse und Hypothesen der Sprachforschung in ihrer Bedeutung für die Geschichte Afrikas. Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, 19/20, p. 162-199.
Notes: Contains a Kxoe-Zhu comparative word-list, among other things.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1987.
Khoisan languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 15th edition, 22, p. 775-778, 813.

Laughlin jnr, Charles D. 1975.
Lexicostatistics and the mystery of So ethnolinguistic relations. Anthropological linguistics, 17 (7), p. 325-341.
Notes: Includes comparisons with, e.g., Sandawe and Hadza.

Luschan, Felix von. 1898.
Beiträge zur Ethnographie des abflusslosen Gebiets in Deutsch-Ostafrika: I. Die Wassandaui. Die mittleren Hochländer des nordlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika, v. 4, p. 323-437. Edited by C. Waldemar Werther. Berlin: Verlag von Hermann Paetel.

Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1999.
Clicks in East African languages. African mosaic: festschrift for J.D. Louw, p. 59-91. Edited by Rosalie Finlayson. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Maho, Jouni Filip; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2002.
The languages of Tanzania: a bibliography. Orientalia et africana gothoburgensia, 17. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis. Pp ix, 428.
Reviews etc.: Iwona Kraska-Szlenk, Studies of the Department of African Languages and Cultures, Warsaw University, v. 34 (2003) p. 83-85; Angelika Mietzner, Annual publication in African linguistics, v. 1 (2003) p. 138-140; L. Marten, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 67 (2004) p. 451; Martin Walsh, Tanzanian affairs, v. 77 (2004) p. 45-47; Martin Walsh, Azania, v. 40 (2005) p. 144-145.

Masao, Fidelis T. 1982.
The rock art of Kondoa and Sindiga: a comparative description. Occasional papers from the National Museum of Tanzania, 5. Pp 49.
Notes: Details wanting.

Moffet, J.P. 1958.
Handbook of Tanganyika. Second edition. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer. Pp xi, 703, 9 fold-out maps.
Notes: Contains much ethnographic information about various Tanzanian peoples. The first edition was edited by Gerald F. Sayers in 1930.

Müller-Beck, Hansjörgen. 1978.
Die archäologischen und anthropologischen Ergebnisse der Kohl-Larsen-Expeditionen in Nord-Tanzania 1933-1939. Tübinger Monographien zur Urgeschichte, 4. Tübingen: Verlag Archaeologia Venatoria für das Institut für Urgeschichte, Eberhard-Karls-Universität.

Nakagawa, Hirosi. 2006.
Aspects of the phonetic and phonological structure of the G/ui language. PhD thesis. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. Pp 303.
Notes: Discusses also G//ana, !Xoo, Ju/'hoansi, Kxoe, Nama, and Sadawe.

Nash, T.A.M. 1929.
Note on the discovery of some rock-paintings near Kondoa Irangi in Tanganyika Territory. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 59, p. 199-206.

Newman, James L. 1968.
Geography and subsistence change among the Sandawe. PhD thesis. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota. Pp 357.

Newman, James L. 1970.
The ecological basis for subsistence change among the Sandawe in Tanzania. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences.

Newman, James L. 1976.
Sandawe ropes and binding materials. Kyoto University African studies, 10, p. 137-142.

Newman, James L. 1978.
Place and ethnicity among the Sandawe of Tanzania. Ethnicity in modern Africa, p. 105-121. Edited by Brian M. du Toit. Boulder CO: Westview Press.

Newman, James L. 1991/92.
Reconfiguring the Sandawe puzzle. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 12/13, p. 159-170.

Nigmann, Ernst. 1909.
Versuch einer Wörterbuches für Kissandaui. Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen, 12 (III), p. 127-145.

Obst, Erich. 1913.
Der östliche Abschnitt der grossen Ostafrikanischen Störungszone (Irangi, Uassi, Ufiomi, Burungi, Ussandaui): vorläufiger Bericht der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellsch (4). Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 27, p. 153-202, tables 32-49.

Obst, Erich. 1915.
Das abflusslose Rumpfschollenland im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika [pt. 1]. Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 29 (1), p. 4-268.
Reviews etc.: Harry H. Johnston, The geographical journal, v. 57 (1921) p. 296-297.

Obst, Erich. 1923.
Das abflusslose Rumpfschollenland im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika [pt. 2]. Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg, 35 (2), p. 1-330.

Planert, Wilhelm. 1926/27.
Die Schnalzsprachen. Bibliotheca africana (Innsbruck), 2, p. 296-315.
Notes: Compares lexical items in Bari, Masai, Bornu, Nandi, Somali, Bedauye, Kunama, Avukaya, Bilin, Kafa, etc.

Polomé, Edgar Charles. 1980.
The languages of Tanzania. Language in Tanzania, p. 3-25. Edited by Edgar Charles Polomé and Charles Peter Hill. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Ried, H.A. 1915.
Zur Anthropologie des abflusslosen Rumpfschollenlandes im nordöstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika (auf Grund der Sammlung des Ostafrika-Expedition (Dr E. Obst) der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg). Abhandlungen der hamburgischen Kolonial-Instituts, 31; Reihe B: Völkerkunde, Kulturgeschichte und Sprachen, 17. Hamburg: Friederichsen, De Gruyter & Co. Pp 293.

Rubagumya, Cashmir M. 1990.
Language in Tanzania. Language in education in Africa: a Tanzanian perspective, p. 5-14. Edited by Cashmir M. Rubagumya. Multilingual matters, 57. Clevedon UK: Multilingual Matters.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1992.
Fieldwork notes on Sandawe. Unpublished notes.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1995.
Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships: the case of Khoisan. PhD thesis. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) dissertations in linguistics, 14. Los Angeles. Pp xiii, 184.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Comparison and classification of Khoisan languages. Language history and linguistic description in Africa, p. 75-85. Edited by Ian Maddieson and Thomas Joseph Hinnebusch. Trends in African linguistics, 2. Trenton NJ & Asmara: Africa World Press.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Eastern and southern African Khoisan: evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationship. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 14. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 256.
Notes: Revision of the author's dissertation (Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships), University of California at Los Angeles, 1995.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2001.
Borrowing and diffusion as a source of lexical similarities in Khoesan. Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, p. 200-224.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]; Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter. 1991.
Sandawe fieldnotes. Unpublished notes.

Stopa, Roman. 1968.
Bushman substratum or Bushman origin in Hausa. Folia orientalia (Krakow), 9, p. 151-234.
Reviews etc.: Eric Ten Raa, Africa, v. 43 (1973) p. 275-276.
Notes: Includes comparisons with Sandawe.

Sutton, John E.G. 1968.
Archaeological sites in Usandawe. Azania, 3, p. 167-174.

Swynnerton, G.H. 1946.
Vernacular names for some of the better-known mammals in the Central Province, Tanganyika Territory. Tanganyika notes and records, 21, p. 21-38.
Notes: Includes samples of several languages.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1963.
Sandawe musical and other sound producing instruments [pt. 1]. Tanganyika notes and records, 60/61, p. 23-48.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1964.
Sandawe musical and other sound producing instruments [pt. 2]. Tanganyika notes and records, 62, p. 91-93.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1966.
Geographical names in south-western Sandawe. Journal of African languages, 5 (3), p. 175-207.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1966.
The use of digging sticks, bored stones and stone balls among the Sandawe. Tanzania notes and records, 66, p. 187-191.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1966.
Procedure and symbolism in Sandawe riddles. Man, new series, 1 (3), p. 391-397.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1968.
Bush foraging and agricultural development: a history of Sandawe famines. Tanzania notes and records, 69, p. 33-40.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1969.
Sanye and Sandawe: a common substratum?. African language review, 8, p. 148-155.
Notes: Deals with the click vocabulary of Sanye (= Dahalo).

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1969.
Sandawe prehistory and the vernacular tradition. Azania, 4, p. 91-103.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1969.
The moon as a symbol of life and fertility in Sandawe thought. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 39, p. 24-53.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1970.
The couth and the uncouth: ethnic, social and linguistic division among the Sandawe of Central Tanzania. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 65 (1), p. 127-153.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1971.
Dead art and living society: a study of rock paintings in a social context. Mankind, 8, p. 42-58.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1974.
A record of some pre-historic and some recent Sandawe rock paintings. Tanzania notes and records, 75, p. 9-27.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1986.
The acquisition of cattle by hunter-gatherers: a traumatic experience in cultural change. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 361-374.
Notes: Contains Khoisan-Bantu-Nilotic-Cushitic comparative wordlists. Categories include general terms for domestic animals and their characteristics, terms for colour patterns and terms for special characteristics and defects.

Ten Raa, [W.] [F.] Eric [R.]. 1986.
The Alagwa: a northern intrusion in a Tanzanian Khoi-San culture, as testified through Sandawe oral tradition. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 271-299. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Trevor, J.C. 1947.
The physical characters of the Sandawe. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 77 (1), p. 61-78, plate.

Trombetti, Alfredo. 1910.
La lingua degli Ottentotti e la lingua dei Wa-Sandawi: nota preliminare. Rendiconto delle sessioni della Reale Accademia delle scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna, classe di scienze morali, 1a serie, 1910, p. 19-24.

Trubetzkoi, Nikolai Sergeevich. 1939.
Grundzüge der Phonologie. Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague, 7. Prague. Pp 271.

Trubetzkoi, Nikolai Sergeevich. 1949.
Principes de phonologie. Traduit par Jean Cantineau. Paris. Pp xxxiv, 396.
Notes: Reprinted 1967 by Klincksieck in Paris (Traditions de l'humanisme, 7).

Trubetzkoi, Nikolai Sergeevich. 1958.
Grundzüge der Phonologie. Zweite Auflage. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Pp 297.

Trubetzkoi, Nikolai Sergeevich. 1962.
Grundzüge der Phonologie. Dritte Ausgabe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Pp 297.

Trubetzkoi, Nikolai Sergeevich. 1969.
Principles of phonology. Translated from the German by Christiane A.M. Baltaxe. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press. Pp xvi, 344.
Notes: Based on the third German edition.

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1967.
Erythraic elements and patternings: some East African findings. African language review, 6, p. 17-25.

Tucker, Archibald Norman. 1970.
Erythraic relics in East Africa. Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Ethiopian studies, Addis Abeba 1966, v. 2, p. 23-25. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Haile Selassie I University.
Notes: Discusses Hadza, Sandawe, Kuliak and South Cushitic languages.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa. With a supplement on the non-Bantu languages of southern Africa by Ernst O.J. Westphal. Handbook of African languages, 3. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp xv, 228.
Reviews etc.: W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 19 (1957) p. 616-617.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
Far eastern section: Great Lakes to Indian Ocean. Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, v. 1, p. 123-143. Edited by Malcolm Guthrie and Archibald Norman Tucker. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1957.
Linguistic survey of the northern Bantu borderland, 4: languages of the eastern section, Great Lakes to Indian Ocean. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp 89.
Reviews etc.: Mark Hanna Watkins, Language, v. 33 (1956) p. 630-634; R.A. Snoxall, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 21 (1958) p. 666-667.
Notes: Includes brief descriptive sections for several languages, e.g. "Characteristics of Vanuma [Vanuma, Nyali]" (p. 10-12), "Characteristics of Konzo [Konzo, Kobi]" (p. 13-16), "Characteristics of the Inter-Lacustrine Group [Bwisi, Tooro, Nyoro, Ganda, Soga]" (p. 17-20), "Characteristics of Gisu Group [Gisu, Bukusu]" (p. 21-24), "Characteristics of Luhya Group [Hanga, Xaayo, Isuxa]" (p. 25-28), "Characteristics of Gusii Group [Gusii, Kuria, Nata]" (p. 29-32), "Characteristics of Sukuma" (p. 33-34), "Characteristics of Nilyamba Group [Nilyamba, Rimi, Langi]" (p. 35-39), "Characteristics of Gogo Group [Gogo, Kagulu]" (p. 40-43), "Characteristics of Zigula and Ngulu" (p. 44-47), "Characteristics of Shambaa [and Bondei]" (p. 48-51), "Characteristics of Shaka (Chagga)" (p. 52-54), "Characteristics of Gikuyu (Kikuyu) Group [Gikuyu, Tharaka, Kamba]" (p. 55-58), "The Swahili Group [Bajuni/Tikuu, Giryama]" (p. 59-62), "The Taita Group [Teri, Dabida, Pokomo]" (p. 63-68), "Characteristics of Amba (and Hyanzi)" (p. 69-71), "Characteristics of Mbugu" (p. 72-74), "Moru-Mangbeti vocabularies [Mv'uba, Druna (Southern Lendu)]" (p. 75-76), "Nilotic vocabularies [Alur, Acoli, Lango, Adhola, Luo]" (p. 77-78), "Nilo-Hamitic vocabularies [Teso, Maasai, Nandi]" (p. 79-83), "Cushitic vocabularies [Oromo/Galla, Somali]" (p. 84-85), "Iraqw vocabulary" (p. 86-87), "Sandawe and Hadza vocabularies" (p. 88), "Sanye vocabulary" (p. 89).

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel; Woodburn, James C. 1977.
The East African click languages: a phonetic comparison. Zur Sprachgeschichte und Ethnohistorie in Afrika, p. 301-323. Edited by Wilhelm Johann Georg Möhlig, Franz Rottland and Bernd Heine. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Voogt, A.J. de. 1992.
Some phonetic aspects of Hatsa and Sandawe clicks. Beschrijvende scriptie als vereiste ter verkrijging van de graad van doctorandus in afrikaanse taalkunde. Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden. Pp 105.

Wald, Benji [Victor]. 19xx.
Sandawe fieldnotes. Unpublished notes.

Westermann, Diedrich. 1952.
African linguistic classification. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 22, p. 250-256.
Notes: Review article on Greenberg's "Studies in African linguistic classification" which had appeared in Southwestern journal of anthropology, vols 5 (1949) and 6 (1950).

Westermann, K.-L.V. 1939/40.
Bericht über meine Forschungen in Deutsch-Ost-Afrika. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 30, p. 415ff.
Notes: Unsure about the date and vol no.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1971.
The click languages of southern and eastern Africa. Current trends in linguistics, 7: linguistics in sub-Saharan Africa, p. 367-420. Edited by Thomas Albert Sebeok. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Khoisan. Die Sprachen Afrikas, p. 329-374. Edited by Bernd Heine, Thilo C. Schadeberg and Ekkehard Wolff. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Wright, R.; Maddieson, Ian; Ladefoged, Peter; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1995.
A phonetic study of Sandawe clicks. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) working papers in phonetics, 91, p. 1-24.


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