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KXOE BIBLIOGRAPHY


[Anonymous]. 1966.
Die ethnischen Gruppen Südwestafrikas. Wissenschaftliche Forschung in Südwestafrika, 3. Windhoek: Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft.

Almeida, António de. 1937.
Sôbre mutilações dos aborigenes de Angola. Lisboa: Oficinas da Gráfica. Pp 206.

Almeida, António de. 1953/54.
Contribuição para o estudo da antropologia serologia dos nativos de Angola: nota preliminar. Estudos coloniais: revista da Escolar Superior Colonial, 4 (1/3), p. 220a-222.

Almeida, António de. 1954.
Dos bosquimanos e hotentotes na história a na ciência. Boletim da Sociedade de Geográfia de Lisboa, 72 (4/6), p. 191a-217.

Almeida, António de. 1956.
As mutilações digitais entre os bosquimanos e hotentotes de Angola. Boletim da Sociedade de Geográfia de Lisboa, 74 (1/3), p. 59-62.
Notes: There is possibly a second part to this.

Almeida, António de. 1959.
Sobre a esteatopygia dos bosquimanos e hotentotes de Angola. Memórias de Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, tomo 8. Lisboa: Academia das Ciências. Pp 14.

Almeida, António de. 1960.
Les Vazamas, bochimans noire de l'Angola. Comptes rendus du 6ème congrès international des sciences anthropologiques et ethnologiques, v. 1, p. 401-403. Paris: Musée de l'Homme, Université de Paris.

Almeida, António de. 1965.
Bushmen and other non-Bantu peoples of Angola: three lectures. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press for the Institute for the Study of Man in Africa. Pp xi, 43.
Reviews etc.: Richard B. Lee, African studies, v. 25 (1966) p. 164-165; Richard B. Lee, American anthropologist, new series, v. 69 (1967) p. 526-527.

Almeida, António de; Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 19xx.
Línguas não-bantas de Angola. Manuscripto.
Notes: Referred to by Strohmeyer & Moritz (1975:179).

Almeida, Maria Emília de Castro e. 1956.
Canones de mulheres indígenas de Angola. XXIII congresso Luso-Espanhol celebrado na cidade de Coimbra de 1 a 5 de Junho de 1956, v. 5, p. (?). Coimbra: Associação Portuguesa para o Progresso das Ciêncas.

Andersson, Lars-Gunnar; Janson, Tore. 1997.
Languages in Botswana: language ecology in southern Africa. Gaborone: Longman Botswana. Pp 204.
Reviews etc.: Andy M. Chebanne, Marang, v. 12/13 (1996/97) p. 45-47; Sabine Neumann, Frankfurter afrikanistische Blätter, v. 9 (1997) p. 159-163; Herman M. Batibo, Botswana notes and records, v. 30 (1998) p. 188ff; Arvi Hurskainen, Nordic journal of African studies, v. 7 (1998) p. 95-99; Robert K. Herbert, Anthropological linguistics, v. 41 (1999) p. 561ff; Dorcas B. Molefe, Journal of southern African studies, v. 25 (1999) p. 708-709.

Appleyard, John Whittle. 1847.
Hottentot dialects; Hottentot grammar, Bushman dialects. The South African Christian watchman and missionary magazine, 1-2, p. (?).
Notes: Two articles in separate issues. Details wanting.

Balme, F.N. 1934.
Caprivi field notes and native names. The mammals of South West Africa, p. (?). Edited by Guy Chester Shortridge. London: Heinemann.

Balsan, François. 1959.
Nouvelles aventures au Kalahari. Paris: Librairie Plon. Pp 240.

Barnard, Alan. 1976.
Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 46 (4), p. 12.

Barnard, Alan. 1978.
A further note on Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 48, p. 11.

Barnard, Alan. 1978.
Universal systems of kin categorization. African studies, 37, p. 69-81.

Barnard, Alan. 1979.
Kalahari Bushman settlement patterns. Social and ecological systems, p. 131-144. Edited by Philip Burnham and Roy F. Ellen. ASA (Association of Social Anthropologists) monographs, 18. London: Academic Press.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Khoesan southern Africa as a cultural area. Namibiana: communications of the ethno-historical study group, SWA (South West Africa) Scientific Society, 2 (2), p. 7-15.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Kin terminology systems of the Khoe-speaking peoples. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1979, p. 107-133. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Basarwa settlement patterns in the Ghanzi ranching area. Botswana notes and records, 12, p. 137-148.

Barnard, Alan. 1981.
Universal kin categorization in four Bushman societies. L'uomo, 5, p. 219-237.

Barnard, Alan. 1988.
Kinship, language and production: a conjectural history of Khoisan social structure. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 58 (1), p. 29-50.

Barnard, Alan. 1996.
Regional comparison in Khoisan ethnography: theory, method and practice. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 121, p. 203-220.

Barnes, L.M. 1980.
Economic status of the Basarwa population of the Letlhakane region. Gaborone: Remote Areas Development Programme.

Barnes, L.M. 1980.
Religion and folklore amongst the Basarwa in Letlhakane, Botswana. Gaborone: Remote Areas Development Programme.

Batibo, Herman M. 1997.
The fate of the minority languages of Botswana. Human contact through language and linguistics, p. 243-252. Edited by Birgit Smieja and Meike Sprenger Tasch. Duisburger Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft, 31. Frankfurt-am-Main: Peter Lang.

Batibo, Herman M. 1997.
The Khoesan languages of Botswana. Seminar handout. Gaborone: University of Botswana.

Batibo, Herman M. 1998.
The fate of the Khoesan languages of Botswana. Endangered languages in Africa, p. 267-284. Edited by Matthias Brenzinger. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Batibo, Herman M.; Mathangwane, Joyce Thambole; Mosaka, Naledi M. 1997.
Prospects for sociolinguistic research undertaking in Botswana: priorities and strategies. Proceedings of the LiCCA Workshop in Dar es Salaam, p. 27-36. Edited by Birgit Smieja. LiCCA papers (LiCCAP), 2. Duisburg: Languages in Contact and Conflict in Africa (LiCCA), Gerhard Mercator University.

Battis, W.W. 1939.
The amazing Bushman. Pretoria: Red Fawn Press.

Baucom, Kenneth L. 1970.
More on the indigenous languages of SWA. Anthropological linguistics, 12 (9), p. 343-348.

Baucom, Kenneth L. 1974.
Proto-Central-Khoisan. Proceedings of the 3rd annual conference on African linguistics, 7-8 April 1972, p. 3-37. Edited by Erhard Friedrich Karl Voeltz. Indiana University publications, African series, 7. Bloomington: Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University.

Becker, Peter. 1971.
Peoples of southern Africa: their customs and beliefs. Johannesburg: The Star. Pp 64.

Beek, J.L.R.W. 1928.
The Bushmen and Zimbabwe. NADA: Southern Rhodesia Native Affairs Department Annual (Salisbury), 5, p. (?).

Biesele, Megan [Marguerite] [Anne]. 1990.
Shaken roots: the Bushmen of Namibia. With photographs by Paul Weinberg. Johannesburg: Environmental and Development Agency (EDA).

Biesele, Megan [Marguerite] [Anne]; Gordon, Robert James; Lee, Richard B. (Ed.) 1986.
The past and future of !Kung ethnography: critical reflections and symbolic perspectives. Essays in honour of Lorna Marshall. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag. Pp 423.
Reviews etc.: Edwin N. Wilmsen, "The past and future of !Kung ethnograhy?", New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, (ed. by Rainer Vossen, 1988) p. 135-147.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1927.
The distribution of Bushman languages in South Africa. Festschrift Meinhof, p. 55-64. Glückstadt & Hamburg: J.J. Augustin.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1942.
Introduction: the Bushman tribes of southern Africa. The Bushman tribes of southern Africa, p. 1-15. Edited by Alfred Martin Duggan-Cronin. Kimberley: Alexander McGregor Memorial Museum.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1956.
A Bushman dictionary. Edited by Zellig S. Harris. American Oriental series, 41. New Haven CN: American Oriental Society. Pp xii, 773.
Reviews etc.: C.M. Doke, African studies, v. 16 (1957) p. 142-125; Joseph H. Greenberg, Language, v. 33 (1957) p. 495-497; Ernst Westphal, Africa, v. 27 (1957) p. 203-204; Oswin R.A. Köhler, Afrika und Übersee, v. 43 (1959/60) p. 133-138.
Notes: Contains lexical material from 29 Bushman languages/dialects. Part 1: Bushman-English; Part 2: English-Bushman.

Boden, Gertrud. 2004.
Prozesse sozialen Wandels vor dem Hintergrund staatlicher Eingriffe: eine Fallstudie zu den Khwe in West Caprivi/Namibia. Dissertation. Universität zu Köln.

Boden, Gertrud; Michaels, Stefanie. 2000.
Kxoe material culture: aspects of change and its documentation subsistence equipment. Khoisan forum working papers, 16. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1972.
The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan. Cabo, 1 (1), p. 5-10.
Reviews etc.: Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1974.
Dr A.J. Boeseken replies to Prof. R.H. Elphick, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 2 (2), p. 8-10.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1975.
On changing terminology in history. Cabo, 2 (3), p. 16-18.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15.

Boonzaier, Emile; Malherbe, Candy; Smith, Andrew; Berens, Penny. 1996.
The Cape herders: a history of the Khoikhoi of southern Africa. Cape Town & Athens OH: David Philip Publ.; Ohio University Press. Pp 147.
Reviews etc.: Brian Siegel, H-Net book reviews (online), June 1997; Roger B. Beck, International journal of African historical studies, v. 31 (1998) p. 476-478.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1997.
Moving to survive: Kxoe communities in arid lands. Khoisan forum working papers, 2. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1998.
Moving to survive: Kxoe communities in arid lands. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 321-357. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Brenzinger, Matthias. 1999.
Personal names of the Kxoe: the example of Tcóo-names. Khoisan forum working papers, 10, p. 5-18.

Brincker, Peter Heinrich. 1899.
Die Eingeborenen Deutsch-Südwest-Afrikas nach Geschichte, Charakter, Sitten, Gebrauchen und Sprachen. Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen, 2 (III), p. 125-139.

Bruwer, Johannes Petrus van Schalkwyk. 1966.
Khoisan and Bantu peoples of SWA. South West Africa Yearbook, p. 28-33. Windhoek.

Bruwer, Johannes Petrus van Schalkwyk. 1966.
Die Khoisan- en Bantoebevolking van Suidwes-Afrika. Die ethnischen Gruppen Südwestafrikas, p. 45-72. Wissenschaftliche Forschung in Südwestafrika, 3. Windhoek: Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft.

Cashdan, Elizabeth Ann. 1985.
Coping with risk: reciprocity among the Basarwa of northern Botswana. Man, new series, 20, p. 454-474.

Cashdan, Elizabeth Ann. 1986.
Hunter-gatherers of the northern Kalahari. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 1, p. 145-180. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Cashdan, Elizabeth Ann. 1986.
Competition between foragers and food producers on the Botletli River, Botswana. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 56 (3), p. 299-318.

Cashdan, Elizabeth Ann. 1987.
Trade and its origins on the Botletli River, Botswana. Journal of anthropological research, 43, p. 121-138.

Chatman, Dan; Hoof, Paul van; Jerling, Pollie. (Ed.) 1995.
The challenges of change: a survey of the effects of preschool on Basarwa primary school children in the Ghanzi District of Botswana. Ghanzi (Botswana): Bokamoso Preschool Programme;Kuru Development Trust. Pp 64.

Clark, John Desmond. 1951.
Bushmen hunters of the Barotse forests. Northern Rhodesia journal, 1 (3), p. 56-65.
Notes: Deals with Hukwe (≠Kxoe).

Colebrook, W.M.G. 1829.
Report on the state of the Hottentots and Bushmen. Cape Town.
Notes: See also Bigge (1830).

Cowley, Clive. 1968.
Fabled tribe: a journey to discover the River Bushmen of the Okavango swamps. With a foreword by R.C.J. van Hoogstraaten. New York & London: Atheneum; Longmans. Pp xiv, 232.

Davids, Laurentius S. 2003.
The status of Khoe and San speaking people and languages in Namibia: a baseline study. Silenced voices: studies on minority languages of southern Africa, p. 101-127. Edited by Kwesi Kwaa Prah. CASAS (Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society) book series, 34. Cape Town.

Denbow, James Raymond. 1986.
After the flood: a preliminary account of recent geological, archaeological and linguistic investigations in the Okavango region of northern Botswana. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 181-214. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Denbow, James Raymond. 1986.
Interfaces: the study of the historical context of hunter-gatherers in Africa. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 455-458.

Diniz, José Oliviera Ferreira. 1918.
Populações indigénas de Angola. Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade.
Notes: Homburger (1925:167) names the author D.J. de Oliviera Diniz.

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1933.
A preliminary investigation into the state of the native languages in South Africa, with suggestions as to research and the development of literature. Bantu studies, 7 (1), p. 1-99.
Notes: Includes, among other things, "An alphabetical bibliography of Bushman language and literature" (p. 34-35), "List of most important works dealing with the Nama language" (p. 36-38), "List of works dealing with the Korana language" (p. 38-39), "List of the most important works dealing with Herero, Ndonga, Kwanyama" (p. 93-99).

Dornan, Samuel Shaw. 1923.
Bushmen of the Kalahari [pt. 1]. Diamond fields advertiser, 7 July 1923, p. (?).

Dornan, Samuel Shaw. 1923.
Bushmen of the Kalahari [pt. 2]. Diamond fields advertiser, 14 July 1923, p. (?).

Dornan, Samuel Shaw. 1923.
Bushmen of the Kalahari [pt. 3]. Diamond fields advertiser, 21 July 1923, p. 14.

Dornan, Samuel Shaw. 1925.
The Kalahari languages. Pygmies and Bushmen of the Kalahari, p. 193-198. London: Seeley, Service & Co.

Drury, J.; Bloomhill, G. 1932.
The Bushmen of the Kalahari. African world annual, 29, p. 29ff.

Duggan-Cronin, Alfred Martin. (Ed.) 1942.
The Bushman tribes of southern Africa. With an introductory article on the Bushmen tribes and descriptive notes on the plates by D.F. Bleek. Kimberley: Alexander McGregor Memorial Museum. Pp 14, 40 plates.

Dunn, Edward John. 1931.
The Bushman. London: C. Griffin & Co. Pp xii, 130, plates.

Dunn, Edward John. 1937.
The Bushmen. South African journal of science, 33, p. 1050-1054.
Notes: Describes the distribution of Khoekhoe and Bushman anno 1870 (Köhler 1981:477).

Ehret, Christopher. 1986.
Proposals on Khoisan reconstruction. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 105-130.

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus; Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1991.
On subsistence and social relations in the Kalahari. Current anthropology, 32 (1), p. 55-57.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1986.
Diachronic inferences from basic sentence and noun structure in central Khoisan and Sandawe. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 131-156.

Elderkin, Edward Derek. 1986.
Kxoe tone and Kxoe 'jonctures'. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 1, p. 225-235. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Elffers, Hubertus. 1902.
Through the thirst land: a story of Kalahari. Collection of articles originally published in Cape Times. Cape Town: J.C. Juta. Pp 38.

Elphick, Richard H. 1974.
Comment on Boeseken's "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 2 (1), p. 3-7.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Elphick, Richard H. 1975.
Final comment on Boeseken's "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 3, p. 12-15.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Fosbrooke, Henry Albert. 1971.
Man in the Kalahari: tribal areas. Botswana notes and records, special issue, 1, p. 41-49.

Fourie, Louis. 1928.
The Bushmen of South West Africa. The native tribes of South West Africa, p. 79-105. Edited by Carl Hugo Hahn jnr, Louis Fourie and Hermann Heinrich Vedder. Cape Town: Cape Times Ltd for the Administration of South West Africa.

Fritsch, Gustav Theodor. 1880.
Die afrikanischen Buschmänner als Urrasse. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 12 (3), p. 289-300.

Gentz, P. [Oberleutenant]. 1909.
Die Buschmänner: ein aussterbendes Volk in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, 26, p. 450-452.

Glass, Paul. 1939.
Die Buschmänner in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Veröffentlichungen des geographischen Instituts des Albertus-Universität, neue Folge; Reihe ethnographie, 3. Königsberg: Gräfe & Unzer. Pp 95.
Notes: Publication of the author's dissertation, Albertus-Universität at Königsberg, 1939.

Gordon, Robert James. 1986.
Once again: how many Bushmen are there?. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 53-68. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard B. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1950.
Studies in African linguistic classification. Part 6: the Click languages. Southwestern journal of anthropology, 6 (3), p. 223-237.
Reviews etc.: Diedrich Westermann, "African linguistic classification", Africa, v. 22 (1952) p. 250-256.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1970.
Click languages. Encyclopedia americana, 7, p. 67.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1971.
Kalahari Bushmen in transition. Rotunda (Toronto), 4, p. 8-16.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1973.
Farm Bushmen and mission Bushmen: socio-cultural change in a setting of conflict and pluralism of the San of the Ghanzi district, Republic of Botswana. PhD thesis. University of Toronto.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1977.
More on Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 47, p. 2-3.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1983/84.
Bushwoman: the position of women in Bushman society and ideology. Journal of comparative sociology and religion, 10/11, p. 12-31.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1986.
"San" or "Bushmen"?. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 27-51. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard B. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 2002.
Independence, resistance, accommodation, persistence: hunter-gatherers and agropastoralists in the Ghanzi Veld, early 1800s to mid-1900s. Ethnicity, hunter-gatherers and the "other": association or assimilation in Africa, p. (?). Edited by Susan Kent. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institute Press.

Güldemann, Tom. 1997.
The Kalahari Basin as an object of areal typology: a first approach. Khoisan forum working papers, 3. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne. Pp 34.

Güldemann, Tom. 1998.
The Kalahari Basin as an object of areal typology: a first approach. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 137-169. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Gusinde, Martin. 1966.
Von gelben und schwarzen Buschmännern: eine untergehende Altkultur im süden Afrikas. Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt. Pp vi, 227.
Reviews etc.: Herbert Ganslmayr, Tribus: Jahrbuch des Linden-Museums, v. 17 (1968) p. 219-220.

Haile, Alfred J.; Tagart, Edward Samuel B. (Ed.) 1935.
The Masarwa (Bushmen): report of an inquiry by the South African District Committee of the London Missionary Society. Alice: Lovedale Press for the London Missionary Society (LMS). Pp 33.
Notes: Most commonly referred to without the editor's names.

Hasselbring, Sue. 1996.
The use of languages in Gantsi District: implications for churches and Christian organizations. Gaborone: Botswana Language Use Project. Pp 11.

Hasselbring, Sue. 1996.
A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Gantsi District. Gaborone: Botswana Language Use Project. Pp 51.

Hays, Jennifer; Siegrühn, Amanda. 2005.
Education and the San of southern Africa. Indigenous affairs, 1/2005, p. 26-34.

Heine, Bernd. 1982.
African noun class systems. Apprehension: das sprachliche Erfassen von Gegenstanden, v. 1, p. 189-216. Edited by Hansjakob Seiler and Christopher Lehmann. Language universals series, 1,1. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag.
Notes: Includes discussions of many languages, namely, Kxoe (Central Khoesan), Turkana (East Nilotic), Maasai (East Nilotic), Swahili G40, Rendille (East Cushitic), Lelemi (Kwa), Katcha (Kordofanian), Sampur (East Nilotic), Elmolo (East Cushitic), Camus (East Nilotic), Ful (Atlantic), Animere (Kwa), Mba (Ubangi), Zande (Ubangi), !Xu (North Khoesan), Daju (East Sudanic), and Iraqw (South Cushitic).

Heine, Bernd. 1986.
Bemerkungen zur Entwicklung der Verbaljunkturen im Kxoe und anderen Zentralkhoisan-Sprachen. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, pt. 2, p. 9-21. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Heine, Bernd. 1999.
The //Ani: grammatical notes and texts. Khoisan forum working papers, 11. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne.

Heine, Bernd. 2000.
On the rise of new-event markers in Kxoe. "Mehr als nur Worte...": afrikanistische Beiträge zum 65. Geburtstag von Franz Rottland, p. 269-284. Edited by Rainer Vossen, Angelika Mietzner and Antje Meissner. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1969.
Search for Bushman tribes of the Okavango. The geographical magazine, 41 (10), p. 742-750.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1970.
The //Anakwe and Bugakwe: tales and fables. Manuscript.
Notes: Source?

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1970/73.
The people of the Okavango Delta: the /Xokwe Bugakwe; the end of a people (the swamp //Anekwe); the river //Anekwe; the /Andakwe Bugakwe; the Tzexa; tales and fables of the //Anekwe, Yei and Bugakwe. Manuscripts.
Notes: Listed by Barnard (1992:29).

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1978.
A history of research among Basarwa in Botswana. Working papers, 19. Gaborone: Botswana National Archives. Pp 25.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1978.
An overview of academic research among Basarwa in Botswana. Proceedings of the workshop on outlining the Botswana research landscape, p. 44-49. Edited by Bernard S. Weimer. Gaborone: National Institute of Development and Cultural Research Documentation Unit (NIR).

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1979.
Kalahari cattle posts: a regional study of hunter-gatherers, pastoralists and agriculturalists in the western Sand Veld region, Central District, Botswana, 2 vols. Gaborone: Ministry of Local Government and Lands (Botswana).

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1982.
Patterns of sedentism among the Basarwa of eastern Botswana. Politics and history in band societies, p. 223-267. Edited by Eleanor B. Leacock and Richard B. Lee. Cambridge & Paris: Cambridge University Press; Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1987.
Socioeconomic change among the Basarwa in Botswana: an ethnohistorical analysis. Ethnohistory, 34 (3), p. 220-255.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1996.
Kalahari communities: Bushmen and the politics of the environment in southern Africa. IWGIA documents, 79. Copenhagen: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA). Pp 101.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl; Ebert, James I. 1989.
Modeling Kalahari hunter-gatherer subsistence and settlement system: implications for development policy and land-use planning in Botswana. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 84 (1/3), p. 47-62.

Hitzeroth, Helmut Walter. 1976.
On the identity of the stone-working Tjimba, South West Africa: a comparative study based on fingerprint pattern frequencies. Cimbebasia, series B, 2 (7), p. 187-202.

Hoffman, A.C. 1958.
Op soek na die water-Boesmans in die Ngamilandmoeras-se. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein, 1, p. 267-274.

Honken, Henry. 1977.
Submerged features and proto-Khoisan. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 145-169. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Honken, Henry. 1984.
Word groups in the click languages. Khoisan Special Interest Group: newsletter, 2, p. 6-8.

Honken, Henry. 1998.
Types of sound correspondence patterns in Khoisan languages. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 171-191. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Ikeya, Kazunobu. 1995.
... [The distribution and formation processes of San-Kgalagadi mixed settlements in the Ghanzi District, Botswana]. Hokkaido daigaku bungakubu kiyo, 44 (2), p. 113-128.
Notes: Title wanting. In Japanese.

Ikeya, Kazunobu. 1998.
Interaction between San and Kgalagadi in the colonial era. The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, p. 59-66. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese and Chris Loff. Cape Town: Infosource in association with the Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape.

Jenkins, Trefor; Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1977.
Nomenclature of population groups in southern Africa. African studies, 36 (1), p. 49-55.
Notes: "This was an attempt to prescribe the terminology to be used to delineate population groups ... [it] was based on a rather simplistic view of the issues involved" (Barnard 1992:50).

Jenny, Hans R. 1974.
Botswana: eine Reisebericht. Internationales Afrikaforum, 10, p. 713-717.

Jenny, Hans R. 1975.
Zu den Buschmännern am Okawango. Mitteilungen der Südwestafrikanischen Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft, 16 (1), p. 3-4.

Jungraithmayr, Herrmann; Möhlig, Wilhelm Johann Georg. 1983.
Lexikon der Afrikanistik: afrikanische Sprachen und ihre Erforschung. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp 351, 3 maps.
Reviews etc.: Rainer Vossen, Tribus, v. 34 (1985) p. 204-206.
Notes: Includes brief sections on a variety of subjects, e.g. "Khoisansprachen" by J.C. Winter (p. 125-127).

Keuthmann, Klaus. 1986.
Professor Oswin R.A. Köhler: a retrospect on thirty years of studying language, culture and history of southern African Khoisan-speaking peoples. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 79-94. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 1997.
Modern Kxoe songs. Khoisan forum working papers, 7. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 1999.
Folktales of the Kxoe in the West Caprivi. Narrated by Dao Ngyengye. Namibian African studies, 5. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp x, 338.
Reviews etc.: Gertrud Boden, H-Net book reviews (online), December 2002.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 2001.
Universality and diversity: ideophones from Baka and Kxoe. Ideophones, p. 155-163. Edited by Erhard Friedrich Karl Voeltz and Christa Kilian-Hatz. Typological studies in language, 44. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publ.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 2002.
The grammatical evolution of posture verbs in Kxoe. The linguistics of sitting, standing, and lying, p. 315-331. Edited by John F. Newman. Typological studies in language, 51. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publ.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa. 2003.
Khwe dictionary. Namibian African studies, 7. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 431.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa; Heine, Bernd. 1997.
On nominal gender marking in Kxoe. Khoisan forum working papers, 1. Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität zu Köln.

Kilian-Hatz, Christa; Heine, Bernd. 1998.
On nominal gender marking in Kxoe. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 65-93. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Kirby, Percival R. 1936.
A study of Bushman music. Bantu studies, 10, p. 205-252.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1959.
Grundzüge der Grammatik des //Kanikhoe. Manuskript.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:478).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1962.
Studien zum Genussystem und Verbalbau der zentralen Khoisan-Sprachen. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 57, p. 529-546.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1962.
Die Sprache der Kxoé-Buschmänner von Andara: Wörterbuch, 2 Teile. Köln. Pp 316; 261.
Notes: The first volume contains a Kxoe-Deutsch part, the second a Deutsch-Kxoe part. This was planned for "proper" publication in the early 1980s but seemingly no one has bothered to do it yet (as of 1995).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1963.
Observations on the Central Khoisan language group. Journal of African languages, 2 (3), p. 227-234.
Notes: Deals with the affinities between Khoekhoe and Kxoé.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1966.
Die Wortbeziehung zwischen der Sprache Kxoe-Buschmänner und dem Hottentottischen als geschichtliches Problem. Neue afrikanistische Studien: Festschrift für A. Klingenheben, p. 144-165. Edited by Johannes Lukas. Hamburger Beiträge zur Afrika-Kunde, 5. Hamburg: Deutsches Institut für Afrika-Forschung.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1966.
Tradition und Wandel bei den Kxoe-Buschmannern von Mutsiku. Sociologus, neue Folge, 16, p. 122-140.
Notes: Deals with the relationship between Kxoe and Mbukushu.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1971.
Die Khoe-sprachigen Buschmänner der Kalahari; ihre Verbreitung und Gliederung. Forschungen zur allgemeinen und regionalen Geographie (Festschrift Kurt Kayser), p. 373-411. Kölner geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1971.
Die "Krankheit" im Denken der Kxoe-Buschmänner. Afrikanische Sprachen und Kulturen: ein Querschnitt (Johannes Lukas zum 70. Geburtstag gewidmet), p. 317-325. Edited by Veronika Six, Norbert Cyffer, Ludwig Gerhardt, Hilke Meyer-Bahlburg and Ekkehard Wolff. Hamburger Beiträge zur Afrika-Kunde, 14. Hamburg: Deutsches Institut für Afrika-Forschung.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1973.
Grundzüge der Grammatik der Kxoe-Sprache. Manuskript. Köln.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:478).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1973.
Die rituelle Jagd bei den Kxoe-Buschmännern von Mutsiku. Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Helmut Petri, p. 215-257. Edited by K. Tauchmann. Kölner ethnologische Mitteilungen, 5. Wien & Köln: Hermann Böhlau.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1973/74.
Neuere Ergebnisse und Hypothesen der Sprachforschung in ihrer Bedeutung für die Geschichte Afrikas. Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde, 19/20, p. 162-199.
Notes: Contains a Kxoe-Zhu comparative word-list, among other things.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1974.
Kultur und Gesellschaft der Kxoe-Buschmänner: eine Selbstdarstellung - Sammlung von Texten mit Tonebzeichnung und Übersetzung. Manuskript.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:478).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1974.
Wörterbuch des Sprache der Kxoe-Buschmänner (Kxoe-Deutsch, in morphologischer Schereibung und mit Tonbezeichnung). Manuskript.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:478).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1976.
Zum Begriff der "Freiheit" bei den Khoe-Buschmännern. Engadiner Kollegium 'Freiheit', p. 63-79. Edited by Balthasar Straehelin, Silvio Jenny and Stephanos Geroulanos. Zürich: Academica.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1978.
Tierzauber und Krankheit bei den Kxoe-Buschmännern. Afrika und Übersee, 61 (1), p. 35-58.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1978/79.
Mythus, Glaube und Magie bei den Kxoe-Buschmännern. Journal of the SWA (South West Africa) Scientific Society, 33, p. 9-49.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1981.
La langue Kxoe. Les langues dans le monde ancien et moderne, p. 483-555. Edited by Jean Perrot, Gabriel Manessy and Albert Valdman. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1984.
Der Kxoé-Buschmann Ndó erzhält aus seinem Leben. Namibiana: communications of the ethno-historical study group, SWA (South West Africa) Scientific Society, 5 (1), p. 171-194.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1986.
Allgemeine und sprachliche Bemerkungen zum Feldbau nach Oraltexten der Kxoe-Buschleute. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (1), p. 205-272.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1987.
Khoisan languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 15th edition, 22, p. 775-778, 813.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1989.
Die Welt der Kxoé-Buschleute im südlichen Afrika, Bd 1: Teil 1. Die Kxoé-Buschleute und ihre ethnische Umgebung. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp xlvii, 605.
Reviews etc.: Bernd Heine, Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere, v. 22 (1990) p. 123-125; Mathias Guenther, "The world of the Kxoe Bushmen", Anthropos, v. 86 (1991) p. 213-219; Rainer Vossen, Afrika und Übersee, v. 76 (1993) p. 141-145.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1991.
Die Welt der Kxoé-Buschleute im südlichen Afrika, Bd 2: Teil 2. Grundlagens des Lebens. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
Reviews etc.: ..., Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere, v. 29 (1992) p. ?

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1997.
Die Welt der Kxoé-Buschleute im südlichen Afrika, Bd 3: Teil 3. Materielle Ausrüstung: Werden und Wandel; Teil 4. Wohnplatz und Buschlager. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp xlii, 806, 150 photos.

Kuteva, Tania A. 1999.
On 'sit' / 'stand' / 'lie' auxiliation. Linguistics, 37 (2), p. 191-213.
Notes: Contains Kxoe examples.

Lebzelter, Viktor. 1934.
Die Buschmänner Südwestafrikas. Africa: journal of the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, 7, p. 70-81.

Liedtke, Wolfgang. 1992.
Die gesellschaftliche Stellung von San-Gruppen in ihren Beziehungen zu Ovambo, Nama und Tswana, belegt älteren deutschsprachigen Quellen. Jahrbuch des Museums für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig, 39, p. 201-214.

Maho, Jouni Filip. 1993.
An overview of people and languages in Namibia. Undergraduate D-level essay. Department of Linguistics, Göteborg University. Pp viii, 178.
Notes: Revised, re-written and published as Few people, many tongues (Maho 1998).

Maho, Jouni Filip. 1998.
Few people, many tongues: the languages of Namibia. Windhoek: Gamsberg Macmillan Publ. Pp x, 222.
Reviews etc.: Arvi Hurskainen, Nordic journal of African studies, v. 7 (1998) p. 95-99; Axel Fleisch, Word, v. 51 (2000) p. 413-416; Brian Harlech-Jones, Journal of multilingual and multicultural development, v. 21 (2000) p. 151-153; Sabine Hoeth, Frankfurter afrikanistische Blätter, v. 12 (2000) p. 151-153; Haig Der-Houssikian, ABPR - African book publishing record, v. 25 (2000) p. ?; Edward J. Vajda, Language, v. 76 (2000) p. 474.
Notes: Survey of the linguistic typology and the sociolinguistics of the Namibian languages. Revision (heavy) of Maho (1993).

Marais, François; others. 1984.
Ondersoek na die boesmanbevolkingsgroep in SWA. Windhoek: Directorate Development Co-Ordination/Direktoraat ontwikkelingskoördinering.

Marshall, Lorna. 1986.
Some Bushman star lore. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 169-204. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.
Notes: Investigates what different stars and star constellations symbolize in Bushman belief/mythology.

Meinhof, Carl [Friedrich] [Michael]. 1930.
Das Verhältnis der Buschmannsprachen zum Hottentottischen. Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, 37 (3/4), p. 219-229.

Merwe, S. van der. 1960.
Die Boesmans van Südwestafrika. Die staatsamptenaar/The public servant, November 1960, p. 32-34.

Miller, Marc S. (Ed.) 1993.
State of the peoples: a global human rights report on societies in danger. Boston: Beacon Press.
Notes: Includes many sections on African peoples, e.g. "The Ju/'hoan Bushmen: indigenous rights in a new country" (p. 33-39) by Megan Biesele, "Bushman peoples of Namibia and South Africa" (p. 165) by Megan Biesele, "G/wi and G//ana of Botswana" (p. 166-167) by John Hudelson, "Hadzabe of Tanzania" (p. 167-168) by Nicholas Blurton Jones, "Nharo Bushmen of Botswana" (p. 172) by Mathias Guenther, "Okavango Delta peoples of Botswana" (p. 174-175) by John Bock, "Tyua of Zimbabwe" (p. 178) by Robert K. Hitchcock, and more.

Mohr, Edward. 1876.
To the Victoria Falls of the Zambezi. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.

Motzafi-Haller, Pnina. 1994.
When Bushmen are known as Masarwa: gender, ethnicity and differentiation in rural Botswana. American ethnologist, 21 (3), p. 539-563.
Notes: Deals with Setswana-speaking Bushmen.

Nakagawa, Hirosi. 2006.
Aspects of the phonetic and phonological structure of the G/ui language. PhD thesis. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. Pp 303.
Notes: Discusses also G//ana, !Xoo, Ju/'hoansi, Kxoe, Nama, and Sadawe.

Nonaka, Kenichi. 1996.
Ethnoentomology of the Central Kalahari San. African study monographs: supplementary issue (Kyoto), 22, p. 29-46.

Norval, M. 1984.
SADF's Bushman Battalion: primitive trackers fight 20th century war. Soldier of fortune, March 1984, p. 71-75.

Nurse, George Trevor. 1972.
Musical instrumentation among the San (Bushmen) of the central Kalahari. African music: journal of the African Music Society, 5 (2), p. 23-27, 49.

Nurse, George Trevor; Jenkins, Trefor. 1975/76.
The Kavango peoples. Journal of the SWA (South West Africa) Scientific Society, 30, p. 55-58.

Nurse, George Trevor; Jenkins, Trefor. 1977.
Serogenetic studies on the Kavango of South West Africa. Annals of human biology, 4 (5), p. 465-478.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1904.
Die Kalahari. Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1905.
Das Okavangosumpfland und seine Bewohner. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 37 (5), p. 649-716.
Notes: Contains a German-Subiya-Yeyi vocabulary, as well as some notes on Bushman groups in the Okavango Delta.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1906.
Eine Berichtigung zu der Besprechung über die "Buschmänner der Kalahari". Zeitschrift für Ethnologie (Berlin), 38, p. 411-415.
Notes: A reply/correction to Fritsch's review which had appeared in the same journal, same volume, but other pages. The original article which Fritsch had reviewed was published in Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, v. 18 (1905).

Passarge, Siegfried. 1997.
The Bushmen of the Kalahari; translated by Edwin N. Wilmsen. The Kalahari ethnographies (1896-1898) of Siegfried Passarge, p. (?). Edited by Edwin N. Wilmsen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 13. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1997.
The Okavango swampland and its inhabitants; translated by Edwin N. Wilmsen. The Kalahari ethnographies (1896-1898) of Siegfried Passarge, p. (?). Edited by Edwin N. Wilmsen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 13. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1997.
Foundations for the ethnographic study of the Kalahari region; translated by Leander Gloversmith. The Kalahari ethnographies (1896-1898) of Siegfried Passarge, p. (?). Edited by Edwin N. Wilmsen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 13. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Peters, Mark A. 1972.
Notes on the place names of Ngamiland. Botswana notes and records, 4, p. 219-233.
Notes: Includes lots of Bushman names (Strohmeyer 1982:250).

Planert, Wilhelm. 1926/27.
Die Schnalzsprachen. Bibliotheca africana (Innsbruck), 2, p. 296-315.
Notes: Compares lexical items in Bari, Masai, Bornu, Nandi, Somali, Bedauye, Kunama, Avukaya, Bilin, Kafa, etc.

Poos, Bob. 1980.
Batallion Bushmen: Montagnards of South Africa, their SWAPO kill ratio is 36-1. Soldier of fortune, 5 (5), p. 44-50, 84.
Notes: Mentions Barkwena (Kxoe) and Vasquela (!Kung).

Prinsloo, Karel P.; Stoker, D.J.; Lubbe, A.M.; Strydom, A.E.; Engelbrecht, H.A.; Vuuren, D.P. van. (Ed.) 1982.
Aspekte van taal- en kommunikasieaangeleenthede in SWA/Namibië, 13 dele. Pretoria: Raad vir Geestewetenskaplike Navorsing (RGN).

Ramsay, Jeff. 1988.
Some notes on the colonial era history of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve region. Botswana notes and records, 20, p. 91-94.

Raum, Johannes W. 1998.
Reflections on rereading Peter Kolb with regard to the cultural heritage of the Khoisan. The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, p. 172-179. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese and Chris Loff. Cape Town: Infosource in association with the Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape.

Redinha, José. 1961.
Distribuição etnica de Angola. Mensário administrativo (Luanda), 167/172, p. 3-22.

Redinha, José. 1962.
Distribuição etnica de Angola. Luanda: Centre de Informação e Tourismo de Angola (CITA). Pp 27.
Notes: Off-prints? A sixth edition is dated 1970 in the Ethnologue (SIL13 1996:911).

Redinha, José. 1970.
Distribuição etnica da província de Angola. Sexta edição. Luanda: Centre de Informação e Tourismo de Angola (CITA).
Notes: Unsure about the details of this one.

Reenen, J.F. van. 1964.
Dentition, jaws and palate of the Kalahari Bushmen. Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 19, p. 1-37.

Rheinallt Jones, John David; Doke, Clement Martyn. (Ed.) 1937.
Bushmen of the southern Kalahari. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press. Pp vii, 283.
Reviews etc.: Isaac Schapera, Bantu studies, v. 12 (1938) p. 68-71.
Notes: Contains papers reprinted from Bantu studies, v. 10-11 (1936-1937), together with some additional material. "Only few copies contain all the plates; some of them were expurgated by the South African government" (Strohmeyer 1982:187).

Russell, Margo. 1976.
Slaves or workers? Relations between Bushmen, Tswana and Boers in the Kalahari. Journal of southern African studies, 2 (2), p. 178-197.

Saugestad, Sidsel. 2002.
San/Basarwa studies at the University of Botswana. Cultural survival quarterly, 26 (1), p. 53-54.

Schadeberg, Jürgen. 1982.
The Kalahari Bushmen dance. Wildwood House.
Notes: "A spectacular collection of photographs, mainly of the dance of exorcism" (Stephen 1983:16). Published by the author and distributed by Wildwook House in the UK & Europe.

Schapera, Isaac. 1929.
Bushman languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 14th edition, 4, p. 452-454.

Schapera, Isaac. 1929.
Comparative grammar of the Khoisan languages. Manuscript.
Notes: Referred to by Strohmeyer & Moritz (1975:129). Is it available anywhere?

Schapera, Isaac. 1930.
The Khoisan peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots. London: George Routledge & Sons. Pp xi, 445, 16 plates, 2 maps.
Reviews etc.: A. W[erner], Journal of the African Society, v. 29 (1929/30) p. 558-561; Edwin W. Smith, Man, v. 31 (1931) p. 91-93 (art. 97).
Notes: "[F]ar from being date, Schapera's volume is as valuable as ever as a summary of often obscure literature (now even more obscure) on numerous Khoisan groups throughout southern Africa" (Barnard 1992:7). Reprinted a few times.

Scherz, Ernst Rudolf. 1976.
Im Okavangoland / In an Okavango forest. SWA annual, 32, p. 69-73.
Notes: Bilingual English/German text. Something on the Kxoe. "Lager von Prof. Köhler" (Strohmeyer 1982:202).

Schladt, Mathias. 1997.
On describing conceptual structure: examples from Kxoe. Khoisan forum working papers, 5. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne.

Schladt, Mathias. 1998.
On describing conceptual structure: examples from Kxoe. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 371-397. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Schladt, Mathias. 2000.
A preliminary list of Kxoe plant names. Khoisan forum working papers, 14, p. 5-47.

Schladt, Mathias. 2000.
A multi-purpose orthography for Kxoe: development and challenges. The state of Khoesan languages in Botswana, p. 125-139. Edited by Herman M. Batibo and Joseph Tsonope. Mogoditshane (Botswana) & Gaborone: Tasalls Publ. & Books for the Basarwa Languages Project, University of Botswana and University of Tromsø.

Schönland, S. 1903.
On some Hottentot and Bushmen pottery in the collection of the Albany Museum. Records of the Albany Museum (Grahamstown), 1, p. 25-32.

Schulz, Aurel. 1885.
Erforschung der Chobe- und Cubango-Flüsse. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin, 12, p. 378-387.
Notes: "Mossaro oder Mossakere. Diese Buschmänner sollen von den Gona Hottentots abstammen" (Strohmeyer 1982:202).

Seiner, Franz. 1909.
Ergebnisse einer Bereisung des Gebiets zwischen Okawango und Sambesi (Caprivi-Zipfel) in den Jahren 1905 und 1906. Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 22, p. 98-119.

Seiner, Franz. 1910.
Die Buschmänner des Okavango- und Sambesigebietes der Nord-Kalahari. Globus, 97, p. 341-345, 357-360.

Seiner, Franz. 1912.
Beobachten und Messungen an Buschleute. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 44, p. 275-288.

Seiner, Franz. 1913.
Ergebnisse einer Bereisung der Omaheke in den Jahren 1910-1912. Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 26 (3), p. 225-316.
Reviews etc.: Anon, "Die Bushmannfrage im nordlichen Deutsche-Südwestafrika", Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, v. 30 (1913) p. 745-746.
Notes: Deals with "Der Bastard-Buschleute der Nord-Kalahari: pp. 281-304. Dama als Urneger: p. 282. Hottentottenschürze: pp. 288-289" (Strohmeyer 1982:202).

Seiner, Franz. 1913.
Beobachten an der Bastard-Buschleuten der Nord-Kalahari. Mitteilungen der anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 43, p. 311-324.

Seiner, Franz. 1977.
Die Buschmanner des Okavango and Sambesigebietes der Nord-Kalahari [translated from German by Helga Vierich Esche]. Botswana notes and records, 9, p. 31-36.
Notes: Despite the title, the article is in English. Seiner's original article, without the misspellings in the title, appeared in two parts in Globus, v. 97.

Selous, Frederick Courtney. 1893.
Travel and adventure in south-east Africa, being the narrative of the last eleven years spent by the author on the Zambezi and its tributaries; with an account of the colonisation of Mashunaland and the progress of the gold industry in that country. London: Rowland Ward & Co. Pp xviii, 503, plates, map.
Reviews etc.: E.G. Ravenstein, "Recent African literature", The geographical journal, v. 3 (1894) p. 497-504.
Notes: Chapter 5 "contains much on the Bushmen and Kgalagari" (Barnard 1992:19). There is a third edition issued in 1893 by the same publisher; so if both the first and the third editions appeared in 1893, presumably also the second edition did so, too. Reprinted 1967 by Arno Press in New York (The Abercrombie & Fitch library); 1972 by Pioneer Head in Salisbury (Heritage series, 5); and 1972 by Books of Rhodesia in Bulawayo (Rhodesiana reprint library, 25); and 1972 by Books for Libraries Press in Freeport NY; and 1984 jointly by Century Publications in London and Hippocrene Books in New York (ISBN-10 0-7126-0445-6).

Selous, Frederick Courtney. 1908.
African nature notes and reminiscences. With a foreword by President Roosevelt and illustrations by E. Caldwell. New York: Macmillan & Co. Pp xxx, 356.
Reviews etc.: Boyd Alexander, "Mr Selous' latest work", Journal of the African Society, v. 8 (1908) p. 3-12.
Notes: The British edition (also by Macmillan) was apparently titled African native notes and reminiscences. "Chapter 20 written about the Masarwa, the Bushmen of the interior of South Africa (p. 328-348). Critic of Prof. Keane's pitch-black pygmoid Kattea. Some comparison between the language of the Masarwa and Kora; author states, that SeSarwa and Korana are related" (Strohmeyer & Moritz 1975:21). Reprinted various times, e.g. 1969 by Pioneer Head in Salisbury (Heritage series, 1); 1986 by Galago in Alberton (ISBN-10 0-947020-16-0); and 1993 by St Martin's Press in New York (Library of African adventure series; ISBN-10 0-312-09241-5).

Seubring, G. 1934.
Three Bushmen and Hottentot tales. Journal of the American Folk-Lore Society, 47, p. 329-333.

Silberbauer, George B. 1959.
First interim report of the Bushman survey, submitted to the Government of Bechuanaland. Typescript. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.
Notes: Includes a map of the Bushman population of Bechuanaland (Köhler 1981:480).

Silberbauer, George B. 1965.
Report to the Government of Bechuanaland on the Bushman survey. Gaborone: Government Printer (Bechuanaland).
Reviews etc.: Richard B. Lee, American anthropologist, new series, v. 68 (1966) p. 1040-1043.
Notes: Includes a map of the "Bushman population of Bechuanaland" (Köhler 1981:480). Often referred to as Bushman survey report.

Sillery, Anthony. 1952.
The Bechuanaland Protectorate. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.
Reviews etc.: W.M. Macmillan, African affairs, v. 52 (1953) p. 76-77.

Smith, Andrew; Malherbe, Candy; Guenther, Mathias [Georg]; Berens, Penny. 2000.
The Bushmen of southern Africa: a foraging society in transition. Cape Town & Athens OH: David Philip Publ.; Ohio University Press. Pp viii, 112.
Reviews etc.: Robert Ross, H-Net book reviews (online), May 2002; Henry C. Jatti Bredekamo, H-Net book reviews (online), February 2003.

Smith, Andrew B. 1998.
Hunters on the periphery: the ideology of social hierarchies between Khoikhoi and Soaqua. The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, p. 74-79. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese and Chris Loff. Cape Town: Infosource in association with the Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape.

Snyman, Jan Winston. 1974.
The Bushman and Hottentot languages of Southern Africa. Limi, new series, 2 (2), p. 28-45.

Sommer, Gabi [Gabriele]. 1992.
A survey on language death in Africa. Language death: factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, p. 301-417. Edited by Matthias Brenzinger. Contributions to the sociology of language, 64. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Notes: Survey of endangered languages in Africa, incl. Buga (p. 325).

Steyn, H.P. 1981.
The Kalahari Bushmen. Cape Town: Hollandsche Afrikaanse Uitgewers Maatschappij (HAUM).

Steyn, H.P. 1985.
The Bushmen of the Kalahari. Original people series. Hove UK: Wayland.

Stopa, Roman. 1962.
Bushman as a language of primitive type. Folia orientalia, 4, p. 187-207.

Tanaka, Jiro. 1996.
The world of animals viewed by the San hunter-gatherers in Kalahari. African study monographs: supplementary issue (Kyoto), 22, p. 11-28.

Tlou, Thomas. 1976.
The peopling of the Okavango Delta, 1750-1906. Proceedings of the symposium on the Okavango Delta and its future utilization, p. 49-53. Gaborone: The Botswana Society.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. (Ed.) 1978.
The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa. With a foreword by Raymond A. Dart. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau. Pp x, 206.
Reviews etc.: Trefor Jenkins, "Southern Africa's model people", South African journal of science, v. 75 (1979) p. 280-282.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
Introduction to the Bushmen or San. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 1-15. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
The San: an evolutionary perspective. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 16-32. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
Classified bibliography on the San or Bushmen. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 190-198. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Traill, Anthony. 1978.
Research on the non-Bantu African languages. Language and communication studies in South Africa, p. 117-137. Edited by Leonard Walter Lanham and Karel P. Prinsloo. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Traill, Anthony. 1978.
The languages of the Bushmen. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 137-147. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Traill, Anthony. 1986.
Click replacement in Khoe. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 301-320. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Traill, Anthony; Vossen, Rainer. 1997.
Sound change in the Khoisan languages: new data on click loss and click replacement. Journal of African languages and linguistics, 18 (1), p. 21-56.

Treis, Yvonne. 2000.
Komplexe sätze im Kxoe (Namibia). Magisterarbeit. Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität zu Köln.

Treis, Yvonne. 2000.
NP coordination in Kxoe (Central Khoisan). Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 63, p. 63-92.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa. With a supplement on the non-Bantu languages of southern Africa by Ernst O.J. Westphal. Handbook of African languages, 3. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp xv, 228.
Reviews etc.: W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 19 (1957) p. 616-617.

Unterkötter, Alfred. 1942.
Buschmänner. Evangelische Missions-Zeitschrift, 3, p. 307-313.

Vanderpost, C. 1992.
The 1991 census and Botswana's population problem. Botswana notes and records, 24, p. 39-48.

Vedder, Hermann Heinrich. 1909.
Vermutungen über den Ursprung der Hottentotten (Nama) und Buschmänner (Saan). Archiv für die Herero- und Namasprache in Deutsch Südwestafrika, 9. Windhoek: Rheinischen Missionsgesellschaft.

Vialis, C.C. Clements. 1908.
The Masarwa, or Bushmen of the Kalahari. African monthly (Grahamstown), 5, p. 29-33.

Voeltz, Erhard Friedrich Karl; Kilian-Hatz, Christa. (Ed.) 2001.
Ideophones. Typological studies in language, 44. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publ. Pp vii, 434.
Reviews etc.: Nilson Gabas, Linguist (mailinglist), n. 13-936 (2002).

Vossen, Rainer. 1984.
Studying the linguistic and ethno-history of the Khoe-speaking (central Khoisan) peoples of Botswana: research in progress. Botswana notes and records, 16, p. 19-35.

Vossen, Rainer. 1984.
The comparative study of Khoe languages. Khoisan Special Interest Group: newsletter, 2, p. 3-5, 14-15.

Vossen, Rainer. 1985.
Encoding the object in the finite verb: the case of //Ani (Central Khoisan). Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 4, p. 75-84.

Vossen, Rainer. 1986.
Preliminaries of Khoe comparative tonology. Khoisan Special Interest Group: newsletter, 4, p. 15-21.

Vossen, Rainer. 1986.
Zur Phonologie der //Ani-Sprache. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 321-345. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Vossen, Rainer. 1988.
Patterns of language knowledge and language use in Ngamiland in Botswana. African studies series, 13. Bayreuth: Bayreuth University. Pp 83.

Vossen, Rainer. 1988.
Khoe linguistic relationships reconsidered: the data. New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, p. 67-108. Edited by Rainer Vossen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 7. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Vossen, Rainer. 1990.
Language maintenance, language shift and identity in Ngamiland, Botswana: some hypotheses. Botswana: education, culture and politics, p. 65-75. Seminar proceedings, 29. Centre of African Studies (CAS), University of Edinburgh.

Vossen, Rainer. 1990.
Die Khoe-Sprachen: ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der Sprachgeschichte Afrikas. Habilitationsschrift. Universität zu Bayreuth.

Vossen, Rainer. 1991.
What do we do with irregular correspondences? The case of the Khoe languages. History in Africa, 18, p. 359-379.

Vossen, Rainer. 1992.
q in Khoe: borrowing, substrate or innovation?. African linguistic contributions presented in honour of Ernst Westphal, p. 363-388. Edited by Derek F. Gowlett. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Vossen, Rainer. 1997.
Die Khoe-Sprachen: ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der Sprachgeschichte Afrikas. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 12. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 536.
Reviews etc.: Nina Pawlak, Studies of the Department of African Languages and Cultures, Warsaw University, v. 30 (2001) p. 94-97; Wilfrid H.G. Haacke, Journal of African languages and linguistics, v. 24 (2003) p. 91-98.
Notes: Revision of the author's Habilitationsschrift, University of Bayreuth, 1990.

Vossen, Rainer. 1998.
Forms and functions of *!'o in some Khoe languages. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 285-303. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Vossen, Rainer. 1998.
Historical classification of Khoe (Central Khoisan) languages of southern Africa. African studies, 57 (1), p. 93-106.

Vossen, Rainer. 2000.
Khoisan languages, with a grammatical sketch of //Ani (Khoe). Areal and genetic factors in language classification and description: Africa south of the Sahara, p. 129-145. Edited by Petr Zima. Studies in African linguistics, 47. München: Lincom Europa.

Vossen, Rainer; Neumann, Sabine; Patriarchi, Christina; Rottland, Margit; Spörl, Rainer; Vagt, Beate. 1988.
Khoe linguistic relationships reconsidered. Botswana notes and records, 20, p. 61-70.

Westermann, Diedrich. 1952.
African linguistic classification. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 22, p. 250-256.
Notes: Review article on Greenberg's "Studies in African linguistic classification" which had appeared in Southwestern journal of anthropology, vols 5 (1949) and 6 (1950).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 19xx.
Not all Bushmen are Bushmen. Manuscript, ref. BC 1143/C13. The E.O.J. Westphal Papers, Rare Documents and Manuscripts Department, University of Cape Town. Pp 7.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1953-1971.
The E.O.J. Westphal papers. Manuscripts, papers, correspondence, ref. BC 1143/A, BC 1143/B, BC 1143/C1-15, BC 1143/D. Rare Documents and Manuscripts Department, University of Cape Town.
Notes: Unpublished notes and manuscripts; some typed, some pencilled. Includes material on/about/titled Hua = West ≠Hua (BC 1143/C1), Danisin (BC 1143/C2), G//oro (BC 1143/C3), Kwadi (BC 1143/C4-C5), Ganade (BC 1143/C6), Hande (BC 1143/C7), Shua (BC 1143/C8), Deti (BC 1143/C9), G//abake, Kwe, Kolee (BC 1143/C10), Ng/amani (BC 1143/C11), Ng/huki (BC 1143/C12), Suwan + paper "Not all Bushmen are Bushmen" (BC 1143/C13), x''e, Bushmen of Amsterdam, district Ermelo, i.e. //Xegwi (BC 1143/C14), "!Xu: other collectors' notes and vocabularies" (BC 1143/C15,2), "!Xu doublets and phonetics" (BC 1143/C15,3), "!Xu grammar" by Terttu Heikkinen (BC 1143/C15,4). There is also a huge pile of unsorted note cards on various aspects of !Xu, Xhegwi, Bush ABCD, Khoe (BC 1143/D). Other parts include the papers "The peopling of southern Africa" (BC1143/A) and "Lexical evidence for Bush-Hott classification" (BC1143/B).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of southern Africa (supplement). The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa, p. 158-173. Edited by Archibald Norman Tucker and Margaret Arminel Bryan. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1962.
On classifying Bushman and Hottentot languages. African language studies, 3, p. 30-48.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1962.
A re-classification of southern African non-Bantu languages. Journal of African languages, 1 (1), p. 1-8.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1963.
The linguistic prehistory of southern Africa: Bush, Kwadi, Hottentot and Bantu linguistic relationships. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 33 (3), p. 237-265.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1964.
An example of complex language contacts in Ngamiland B.P.. Colloque sur le multilingualisme / Symposium on multilingualism: the second meeting of the Inter-African Committee on Linguistics, Brazzaville, 16-21 August 1962, p. 205-210. Publications du CCTA (Commission pour Coopération Technique en Afrique) & CSA (Conseil Scientifique pour l'Afrique), 87. London, Lagos & Nairobi.
Notes: "Batawana dominant over Ovaherero, Bayei, N/hãi and other scattered tribes. Siyei has probably Barotseland and Congo affilations" (Strohmeyer & Moritz 1975:219).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1965.
Uma viagem de investigação linguística no Kalahari [pt. 1]. Notícias da Africa do sul, 228, p. 14-15, 18.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1965.
Uma viagem de investigação linguística no Kalahari [pt. 2]. Notícias da Africa do sul, 229, p. 6.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1966.
Linguistic research in SWA and Angola. Die ethnischen Gruppen Südwestafrikas, p. 125-144. Wissenschaftliche Forschung in Südwestafrika, 3. Windhoek: Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft.
Notes: Includes lexical specimens from G//abake, Shua, Buka, Xû, Nharo, Dama, Kwadi, Zhu/hõasi, ≠Au//eîn, Maligo, ≠Hûa, Ng/amani, Ng/huki, and //Xegwi.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1971.
The click languages of southern and eastern Africa. Current trends in linguistics, 7: linguistics in sub-Saharan Africa, p. 367-420. Edited by Thomas Albert Sebeok. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1980.
The age of 'Bushman' languages in southern Africa. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1979, p. 59-79. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1983.
Classificatory characters of Khoe languages. G.S. Nienaber: 'n huldeblyk, p. 717-726. Edited by A.J.L. Sinclair. Bellville: University of the Western Cape.

Wilhelm, Joachim Helmuth. 1921/22.
Aus dem Wortschatz der !Kuñ- und der Hukwe-Buschmannschprache. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 12, p. 291-304.

Wilhelm, Joachim Helmuth. 1955.
Die Hukwe [mit einer Einführung, Anmerkungen, Schlussbetrachtung und einer Karte von F. Rudolf Lehmann]. Jahrbuch des Museums für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig, 13, p. 8-44.
Notes: Compiled from a manuscript originally written in 1917 (see Strohmeyer 1982:207).

Wilmsen, Edwin N. 1990.
The real Bushman is the male one: labour and power in the creation of Basarwa ethnicity. Botswana notes and records, 22, p. 21-35.

Wilmsen, Edwin N. 1990.
The political history of minorities and its bearing on current policy. Botswana: education, culture and politics, p. 29-52. Seminar proceedings, 29. Centre of African Studies (CAS), University of Edinburgh.

Wilmsen, Edwin N. 1995.
Who were the Bushmen: historical process in the creation of an ethnic construct. Articulating hidden histories: exploring the influence of Eric W. Wolf, p. 308-321. Edited by Jane Schneider and Rayna Rapp. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wilson, Michael L. 1986.
Notes on the nomenclature of the Khoisan. Annals of the South African Museum, 97 (8), p. 251-266.

Wily, Elizabeth. 1980.
Land allocation and hunter-gatherer land rights in Botswana: the impact of the tribal grazing land policy. Human rights and development working papers, 4. London: Anti-Slavery Society.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Khoisan. Die Sprachen Afrikas, p. 329-374. Edited by Bernd Heine, Thilo C. Schadeberg and Ekkehard Wolff. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Die Tonemmuster des Gemein-Zentralkhoisan. Berliner afrikanistische Vorträge: XXI. deutscher Orientalistentage, Berlin, 24.-29. März 1980, p. 237-257. Edited by Herrmann Jungraithmayr and Gudrun Miehe. Marburger Studien zur Afrika- und Asienkunde, Reihe A: Afrika, 28. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1986.
Les parlers du khoisan central. La méthode dialectométrique appliquée aux langues africaines, p. 395-431. Edited by Gladys Guarisma and Wilhelm Johann Georg Möhlig. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1988.
Der 'Hottentottische Mythos vom Ursprung des Todes': ein Lehrstuck um Aufrichtigkeit und Luge. Die Orallitteratur in Afrika als Quelle zur Erforschung der traditionelen Kulturen, p. 165-176. Edited by Wilhelm Johann Georg Möhlig, Herrmann Jungraithmayr and J.F. Thiel. Collectanea instituti anthropos, 36. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.

Wyndham, C.H.; Morrison, J.F. 1956.
Heat regulation of Masarwa (Bushmen). Nature, 178, p. 869-870.

Zukowsky, L. 1924.
Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Säugetiere Deutsch-Südwest-Afrikas unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Rotwildes [gegründet von A.F.A. Wiegmann; fortgesetzt von W.F. Erichson, F.H. Troschel, E. von Martens, F. Hilgendorf, W. Weltner und E. Strand; herausgegeben von Embrik Strand]. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (Berlin), 90 (A1), p. 29-164.


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