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KWI or !UI-TAA (SOUTH KHOESAN) BIBLIOGRAPHY


[Anonymous]. 1818/24.
Transactions at Lattakoo. Quarterly chronicle of the transactions of the (London) Missionary Society, 2, p. 331-336, 370-374, 409-412.

[Anonymous]. 1891.
The dwarfs of Africa. Manufacturer and builder (New York), 23 (9), p. 210-211.
Notes: Mentions Bushmen, 'Dokos', 'Babongos', 'Akkas', and others.

[Anonymous]. 1917.
Les moeurs des Bochimans. L'anthropologie, 28, p. 600-604.
Notes: Credited to M.B. Discusses Currlé's 1913-article about Namaqualand Bushmen.

[Anonymous]. 1979.
Perspectives on the southern African past. Occasional papers from the Centre for African Studies (CAS), 2. University of Cape Town. Pp v, 202.

Abbott, W.J. Lewis. 1913.
Pygmy implements from Cape Colony. Man: a record of anthropological science, 13, p. 143-147 (art. 81).

Adelung, Johann Christoph. 1812/17.
Mithridates, oder allgemeine Sprachenkunde mit dem Vater unser als Sprachprobe in beynahe fünfhundert Sprachen und Mundarten, Bde 3-4. Berlin: Christian Friedrich Voss & Sohn.
Notes: Includes lexical specimens for many language, incl. Korana (p. 256), Hottentot (p. 267-275), Khoi-San (p. 289-305). Reprinted 1970 by Georg Olms Verlag in Hildesheim & New York.

Anders, H.D. 1934/35.
A note on a south-eastern Bushman dialect. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 25, p. 81-89.

Anders, H.D. 1937.
The clicks. South African journal of science, 33, p. 926-939.
Notes: Some biblios credit this (erroneously) to I. Busse.

Anderson, Andrew A. 1887.
Twenty-five years in a waggon in the gold regions of Africa, 2 vols. London: Chapman & Hall.
Notes: Travels in the southern Kalahari. Reprinted 1999 on microfiche by Chadwyck-Healey Ltd (The nineteenth century: general collection, 1-1-11480).

Anderson, Andrew A. 1888.
Twenty-five years in a waggon: sport and travel in South Africa. New edition. London: Chapman & Hall. Pp xii, 423, plates.
Notes: Reprinted 1974 by Cornelis Struik in Cape Town (Africana collectanea, 47; ISBN-10 0-88977-045-4).

Andersson, Lars-Gunnar; Janson, Tore. 1997.
Languages in Botswana: language ecology in southern Africa. Gaborone: Longman Botswana. Pp 204.
Reviews etc.: Andy M. Chebanne, Marang, v. 12/13 (1996/97) p. 45-47; Sabine Neumann, Frankfurter afrikanistische Blätter, v. 9 (1997) p. 159-163; Herman M. Batibo, Botswana notes and records, v. 30 (1998) p. 188ff; Arvi Hurskainen, Nordic journal of African studies, v. 7 (1998) p. 95-99; Robert K. Herbert, Anthropological linguistics, v. 41 (1999) p. 561ff; Dorcas B. Molefe, Journal of southern African studies, v. 25 (1999) p. 708-709.

Angula, Nahas. 1988.
Tracing the history of the San, Namibia's first inhabitants. Namibia 1884-1984: readings of Namibia's history and society, p. 102-117. Edited by Brian Wood. London: Namibia Support Committee in association with the United Nations Institute for Namibia (UNIN).

Anthing, L. 1863.
[Report of an inquiry into conditions in Bushmanland, performed during February-December 1862 on the orders of the Honorable House of Assemly]. Cape parliamentary papers, A39'1863. Cape Town.
Notes: Correct title wanting. Anthing's report "tells the last phase of the tragic history of the Cape Bushmen, largely from information supplied by themselves, and is the longest an best documented official account we possess of the clash between the Bushmen and the Boer" Marais 1939:27). The information derives mainly from a reluctant Boer trader named Nicholson, farmers' servants, and "a considerable number of Bushmen who suffered from commandos" (idem). According to the resport, "attempts to exterminate the Bushmen must have been going on sicne about 1851 between the Orange River and Beaufort West not only on the part of the Boers and Bastards (who appear, however, to have been the main culprits), but also on that of Xosas from Schietfontein (the later Carnavon) and Koranas from the Orange River" (idem:28).

Appleyard, John Whittle. 1847.
Hottentot dialects; Hottentot grammar, Bushman dialects. The South African Christian watchman and missionary magazine, 1-2, p. (?).
Notes: Two articles in separate issues. Details wanting.

Arbousset, Jean Thomas; Daumas, François. 1842.
Relation d'un voyage d'exploration au nord-est de la colonie du Cap de Bonne-Espérance, entrepris dans les mois de Mars, Avril et Mai, 1836. Paris: A. Bertrand. Pp x, 620.
Notes: Includes stuff on the Southern Sotho and Zulu, plus samples of various Bushman languages, e.g. Seroa (p. 510-516). Various extracts from Arbousset's journal were reprinted 1932 as Voyage d'exploration aux Montagnes Bleues (253 pp) by Société des Missions Evangéliques in Paris.

Arbousset, Jean Thomas; Daumas, François. 1846.
Narrative of an exploratory tour to the north-east of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope. Translated from French by John Crumbie Brown. Cape Town: Robertson & Solomon. Pp xii, 329.
Notes: Reprinted 1968 by Cornelis Struik in Cape Town (Africana collectanea, 27).

Argyle, W. John. 1986.
The extent and nature of Khoisan influence on Zulu. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 43-72.

Barnard, Alan. 1976.
Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 46 (4), p. 12.

Barnard, Alan. 1978.
A further note on Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 48, p. 11.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Khoesan southern Africa as a cultural area. Namibiana: communications of the ethno-historical study group, SWA (South West Africa) Scientific Society, 2 (2), p. 7-15.

Barnard, Alan. 1980.
Sex roles among the Nharo Bushman of Botswana. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 50 (2), p. 115-124.
Notes: Discusses Naro, ≠Kx'au-//ein (!Kung) and !Xoo.

Barnard, Alan. 1988.
Kinship, language and production: a conjectural history of Khoisan social structure. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 58 (1), p. 29-50.

Barnard, Alan. 1992.
Hunters and herders of southern Africa: a comparative ethnography of the Khoisan peoples. Studies in social and cultural anthropology, 85. Cambridge University Press. Pp xxv, 349.
Reviews etc.: Megan Biesele, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, v. 12/13 (1991/92) p. 375-379; Alec C. Campbell, Botswana notes and records, v. 24 (1992) p. 218-219; Mathias Guenther, "'The pattern is the thing': diversity and uniformity amongst Khoisan", Current anthropology, v. 33 (1992) p. 478-481; Timothy J. Stapleton, International journal of African historical studies, v. 25 (1992) p. 437-438; I.N. Mazonde, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 56 (1993) p. 427-428; Robert Ross, African affairs, v. 92/368 (1993) p. 468-470; Rainer Vossen, Anthropos, v. 88 (1993) p. 562-564; Edwin Wilmsen, Journal of southern African studies, v. 19 (1993) p. 530-531; Edwin S. Segal, African studies review, v. 37 (1994) p. 162-166.

Barnard, Alan. 1992.
The Kalahari debate: a bibliographical essay. Occasional papers from the Centre of African Studies (CAS), 35. University of Edinburgh. Pp 88.

Barnard, Alan. 1996.
Regional comparison in Khoisan ethnography: theory, method and practice. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 121, p. 203-220.

Batibo, Herman M. 1997.
The Khoesan languages of Botswana. Seminar handout. Gaborone: University of Botswana.

Batibo, Herman M. 1998.
The fate of the Khoesan languages of Botswana. Endangered languages in Africa, p. 267-284. Edited by Matthias Brenzinger. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Batibo, Herman M.; Mathangwane, Joyce Thambole; Mosaka, Naledi M. 1997.
Prospects for sociolinguistic research undertaking in Botswana: priorities and strategies. Proceedings of the LiCCA Workshop in Dar es Salaam, p. 27-36. Edited by Birgit Smieja. LiCCA papers (LiCCAP), 2. Duisburg: Languages in Contact and Conflict in Africa (LiCCA), Gerhard Mercator University.

Bertin, G. 1886.
The Bushmen and their language. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, new series, 18 (1), p. 51-81.
Notes: Deals with Seroa and !Xuai.

Biesele, Megan [Marguerite] [Anne]. 1996.
'He stealthily lightened at his brother-in-law' (and thunder echoes in Bushman oral tradition a century later). Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 142-160. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Bigge, John Thomas. 1830.
Report of the commissioners of inquiry upon the Hottentot population of the Cape of Good Hope and of the missionary institutions. Cape Town. Pp 60.
Notes: See also Colebrook (1829).

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1913.
The language of the Khakhea Bushmen. Manuscript.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:476).

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. (Ed.) 1923.
The mantis and his friends: Bushman folklore collected by W.H.I. Bleek and L.C. Lloyd. London, Oxford & Cape Town: Basil Blackwell; Maskew Miller. Pp ix, 68.
Reviews etc.: Carl Meinhof, Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, v. 14 (1923/24) p. 226-227; A. Werner, Man, v. 24 (1924) p. 172-173 (art. 127); A. W[erner], Journal of the African Society, v. 23 (1923/24) p. 333.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1924.
Note on Bushman orthography. Bantu studies and general South African anthropology, 2 (2), p. 71-74.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1924.
Bushman terms of relationship. Bantu studies and general South African anthropology, 2 (2), p. 57-70.
Notes: Deals with /Xam-ka-!'e (p. 57-62), //K'au-//en or Auen (p. 62-63), !Kung (p. 64-65), and Naron (p. 63+66-70).

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1927.
The distribution of Bushman languages in South Africa. Festschrift Meinhof, p. 55-64. Glückstadt & Hamburg: J.J. Augustin.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1928/29.
Bushman grammar: a grammatical sketch of the language of the /Xam-ka-!k'e [pt. 1]. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen (Berlin), 19, p. 81-98.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1929.
Comparative vocabularies of Bushman languages. Publications from the School of African Life and Language, University of Cape Town. Cambridge: The University Press. Pp 94.
Reviews etc.: F.W.H. M[igeod], Journal of the African Society, v. 28 (1928/29) p. 307-308; Eric Rosenthal, "Eerste Boesman-woordeboek ter wêreld", Fleur, v. 2,5 (1947) p. 33-34.
Notes: Includes lexical specimens from /Kam-ka !ke, //Ng !ke, Batwa (i.e. //Xegwi), /Auni, Masarwa (Kakia), /Nu//en, //K'au //en, !Kung, !O !kung, Masarwa (Tati), Naron, and Nama.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1929.
Bushman folklore. Africa: journal of the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, 2, p. 302-313.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1929/30.
Bushman grammar: a grammatical sketch of the language of the /Xam-ka-!'e (continuation) [pt. 2]. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen (Berlin), 20, p. 161-174.
Notes: The title includes a misprint: it gives the language as </xam-ka-!'e> instead of </xam-ka-!k'e> which is what it was supposed to be.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1931.
Customs and beliefs of the !Xam Bushmen, 1: baboons. Bantu studies, 5, p. 167-179.
Notes: Note that /Xam has been misspelled <!Xam> in the title.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1932.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 2: the lion. Bantu studies, 6, p. 47-63.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1932.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 3: game animals. Bantu studies, 6, p. 233-249.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1932.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 4: omens, wind-making, clouds. Bantu studies, 6, p. 323-342.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1933.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 5: the rain. Bantu studies, 7, p. 297-312.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1933.
Beliefs and customs of the /Xam Bushmen, 6: rain-making. Bantu studies, 7, p. 375-392.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1935.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 7: sorcerors. Bantu studies, 9 (1), p. 1-47.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1936.
Special speech of animals and moon used by the /Xam Bushmen, from material collected by W.H.I. Bleek and L.C. Lloyd between 1870 and 1880 [= Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, part 9]. Bantu studies, 10, p. 163-199.
Notes: This is a continuation of the "customs and beliefs" series of articles.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1936.
Notes on the Bushman photographs. Bantu studies (Johannesburg), 10, p. 201-203.
Notes: Accompanies a bunch of "Photographs of Bushman types".

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1936.
Customs and beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen, 8: more about sorcerors and charms. Bantu studies, 10, p. 131-162.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1937.
Grammatical notes and texts in the /Auni language. Bantu studies (Johannesburg), 11, p. 253-258.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1937.
/Auni vocabulary. Bantu studies (Johannesburg), 11, p. 259-278.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1939/40.
A short survey of Bushman languages. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, 30, p. 52-72.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1942.
Introduction: the Bushman tribes of southern Africa. The Bushman tribes of southern Africa, p. 1-15. Edited by Alfred Martin Duggan-Cronin. Kimberley: Alexander McGregor Memorial Museum.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 1956.
A Bushman dictionary. Edited by Zellig S. Harris. American Oriental series, 41. New Haven CN: American Oriental Society. Pp xii, 773.
Reviews etc.: C.M. Doke, African studies, v. 16 (1957) p. 142-125; Joseph H. Greenberg, Language, v. 33 (1957) p. 495-497; Ernst Westphal, Africa, v. 27 (1957) p. 203-204; Oswin R.A. Köhler, Afrika und Übersee, v. 43 (1959/60) p. 133-138.
Notes: Contains lexical material from 29 Bushman languages/dialects. Part 1: Bushman-English; Part 2: English-Bushman.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 2000.
Notes on the language of the //N!ke or Bushmen of Griqualand West [edited by Tom Güldemann]. Khoisan forum working papers, 15, p. 17-28.

Bleek, Dorothea Frances. 2000.
The //N!ke or Bushmen of Griqualand West [edited by Tom Güldemann]. Khoisan forum working papers, 15, p. 14-16.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1857.
Manuscript vocabulary of the Hottentots and Bushmen, drawn up from various sources for the use of His Excellency Sir George Grey. Cape Town: Grey Collection, South African Public Library.
Notes: Mentioned by, for instance, Levy (1968:3).

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1869.
The Bushman language. The Cape and its people, and other essays, p. 269-284. Edited by Roderick Noble. Cape Town: J.C. Juta.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1870.
African folklore [pt. 1]. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 1 (7/12), p. (?).

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1871.
African folklore [pt. 2]. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 2 (7/12), p. (?).

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1873.
Report of Dr Bleek concerning his researches into the Bushman the Bushman language, presented to the Honourable House of Assembly by command of His Excellency the Governor. Cape parliamentary papers, A17'1873. Cape Town: J.C. Juta.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1873.
Scientific reasons for the study of the Bushman language. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 7 (9), p. 149-153.
Notes: Reprinted 1996 in Voices from the past (ed. by Janette Deacon & Thomas A. Dowson; Witwatersrand University Press), p. 44-48.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1873.
Über die Eigenthümlichkeiten der Buschmänner. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 5, p. 143-145.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1874.
A few remarks on Orpen's "A glimpse into the mythology of the Maluti Bushmen". Cape monthly magazine, new series, 9 (49), p. 13.
Reviews etc.: J.M. Orpen, "A glimpse into the mythology of the Maluti Bushmen", Cape monthly magazine, new series, v. 9 (1874) p. 1-13.
Notes: Not sure the pagination is correct.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1874.
On resemblances in Bushman and Australian mythology, with preliminary remarks. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 8, p. 98-102.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1875.
Bushman researches. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 11, p. 104-115, 150-155.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1875.
Brief account of Bushman folklore and other texts: second report concerning Bushman researches, presented to both Houses of the Parliament of the Cape of Good Hope, by command of His Excellency the Governor. Cape parliamentary papers, G54'1875. Cape Town, London & Leipzig: J.C. Juta; Trübner & Co.; F.A. Brockhaus.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel. 1936.
A fragment: a continuation of a comparative grammar of South African languages (paragraphs 559-562). Bantu studies, 10 (1), p. 1-7.

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel; Lloyd, Lucy Catherine. 1911.
Specimens of Bushman folklore. With an introduction by G. Mc. Theal. London: George Allen & Unwin. Pp xl, 467.
Reviews etc.: Anon, Journal of the African Society, v. 11 (1911/12) p. 366-368.
Notes: The title on the cover says Bushmen folklore. Reprinted 1968 by Cornelis Struik in Cape Town (Africana collectanea, 28).

Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel; Lloyd, Lucy Catherine. 1938.
Das wahre Gesicht des Buschmannes in seinen Mythen und Märchen: nach Original-Buschmannerzählungen niedergeschrieben. Aus dem englischen übersetzt von Käthe Woldman. Basel: Zbinden & Hügin. Pp xii, 138.
Notes: The title of the original English edition of 1911 was Specimens of Bushman folklore.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1972.
The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan. Cabo, 1 (1), p. 5-10.
Reviews etc.: Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1974.
Dr A.J. Boeseken replies to Prof. R.H. Elphick, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 2 (2), p. 8-10.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Boeseken, Anna J. 1975.
On changing terminology in history. Cabo, 2 (3), p. 16-18.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15.

Brown, Duncan. 1995.
The society of the text: the oral literature of the /Xam Bushmen. Critical arts, 9 (2), p. 76-108.

Bulck, Gaston van [Révérend] [Père]. 1948.
Le problème bochiman et hottentot: les faits linguistiques. Studia missionalia, 4 (25), p. 119-185.
Notes: The article has the author pinned down as "V. van Bulck", which surely is a mistake (or?). Moreover, the article contains a table of contents where the pagination is given as 1-67, though the actual page numbers are numbered 119-185. (Possibly the table of contesn was made for an off-print.).

Campbell, John [Reverend]. 1837.
A journey to Lattakoo. London: The Religious Tract Society.
Notes: A "travelogue with no word lists, but perhaps interesting comments for the historian or missionary goings on in the Korana area, and the San area to the north. Also, there are sporadic comments on who spoke what languages (some Korana trying to learn to read, etc) and who stole whose cattle".

Caton, John Dean. 1893.
The Pygmies of Africa. The Atlantic monthly, 71 (428), p. 736-751.
Notes: Talks about Bushmen of southern Africa and the "Obongos" and the "Akkas" (Mbuti?) of Central Africa.

Christol, Frédéric. 1897.
Notice sur le Bushmen. Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise de Géographie, 9, p. 84-88.

Cole, Desmond Thorne. 1963.
Bushman languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 14th edition, v?, p. (?).

Colebrook, W.M.G. 1829.
Report on the state of the Hottentots and Bushmen. Cape Town.
Notes: See also Bigge (1830).

Collins, R. 1841.
Report upon the relations between the Cape colonists and the Kafirs and Bushmen in 1808-1809. Cape Town: Robertson & Robertson.

Cooke, C.K.; Willcox, Alex R. 1983.
More on San rock art. Current anthropology, 24 (4), p. 538-540.
Reviews etc.: J. David Lewis-Williams, "Reply", Current anthropology, v. 24 (1983) p. 540-545.

Crawhall, Nigel T. 2004.
Rediscovery of the N/u and the ≠Khomani land claim process, South Africa. Maintaining the links: language identity and the land (proceedings of the 7th FEL conference, Broome, Western Australia, 22-24 September 2003), p. (?). Edited by Joe Blythe and R. McKenna Brown. Bristol: Foundation for Endangered Languages (FEL).

Currlé, L.C. 1913.
Notes on the Namaqualand Bushmen (with additional notes by L. Péringuey). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 3, p. 113-120.
Reviews etc.: M.B., "Les moeurs des Bochimans", L'anthropologie, v. 28 (1917) p. 600-604.

Dart, Raymond Arthur. 1924.
A note on Jan, the Bushman. Bantu studies and general South African anthropology, 2 (2), p. 107-109.

Dart, Raymond Arthur. 1937.
The physical characters of the /'Auni-≠Khomani Bushmen. Bantu studies, 11, p. 175-246, appendices, photos.
Notes: The third word in the title is interchangeably noted as "characteristics", "character" and "characters". The article was (re)published the same year by Rheinallt Jones & Doke in Bushmen of the southern Kalahari.

Dart, Raymond Arthur. 1937.
The hut distribution, genealogy and homogeneity of the /'Auni-≠Khomani Bushmen. Bantu studies, 11, p. 159-174.
Notes: Reprinted 1937 in Bushmen of the southern Kalahari (ed. by J.D. Rheinallt Jones & C.M. Doke; Witwatersrand University Press), p. 101-116.

Dart, Raymond Arthur. 1937.
The physical characters of the /'Auni-≠Khomani Bushmen. Bushmen of the southern Kalahari, p. 117-188. Edited by John David Rheinallt Jones and Clement Martyn Doke. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
Notes: Simultaneusly published in Bantu studies, v. 11 (1937).

Deacon, Janette. 1986.
'My place is the Bitterspits': the home territory of Bleek and Lloyd's /Xam San informants. African studies, 45 (2), p. 135-155.
Notes: Reprinted 1997 in Home of the /Xam: a guide to places in the northern Cape where the /Xam lived in the nineteenth century (ed. by Janette Deacon; Cape Town).

Deacon, Janette. 1994.
Rock engravings and the folklore of Bleek and Lloyd's /Xam San informants. Contested images: diversity in southern African rock art research, p. 237-256. Edited by Thomas A. Dowson and J. David Lewis-Williams. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Deacon, Janette. 1996.
The /Xam informants. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 11-39. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Deacon, Janette. 1996.
A tale of two families: Wilhelm Bleek, Lucy Lloyd and the /Xam San of the northern Cape. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 93-113. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Deacon, Janette. 1996.
Archaeology and the Flat and Grass Bushmen. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 245-270. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Deacon, Janette. (Ed.) 1997.
Home of the /Xam: a guide to places in the northern Cape where the /Xam lived in the nineteenth century; prepared for an excursion after the conference on Khoisan identities and cultural heritage, Cape Town, July 1997. Cape Town. Pp 42.
Notes: Includes reprints/fotocopies of articles written by Janette Deacon, David Morris and Peter Beaumont & John Vogel.

Deacon, Janette; Dowson, Thomas A. (Ed.) 1996.
Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Derricourt, R.M. 1974.
Settlement in the Transkei and Ciskei before the Mfecane. Beyond the Cape frontier: studies in the history of the Transkei and Ciskei, p. 39-82. Edited by Christopher Saunders and R.M. Derricourt. London.

Desforêts, Edouard. 1861.
Joseph Duplessis, ou le futur missionaire en Cafrerie: souvenirs d'un voyage dans la Colonie du Cap du Bonne-Espérance, dans le pays des Hottentots, des Boschesmans et de Cafres. Publiée par J.J.E. Roy. Bibliothèque illustrée de la jeunesse, série II. Tours: Alfred Mame & fils. Pp 347.

Dickens, Charles. 1853.
The noble savage. Household words: a weekly journal (London), 11 June 1853, p. 337-339.

Dickens, Patrick John. 1977.
Source and goal in !Xõ. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1975, p. 74-81. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Dickens, Patrick John. 1978.
A preliminary report on Kgalakgadi vowels. African studies, 37 (1), p. 99-106.
Notes: Hypothesizes an !Xoo (South Khoesan) origin for the structure of the Kgalagadi vowel system.

Dickens, Patrick John; Traill, Anthony. 1977.
Collective and distributive in !Xõo. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 132-144. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Dietrich, Keith. 1993.
Of salvation and civilization: the image of indigenous Southern Africans in European travel illustrations from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. PhD thesis. University of South Africa (UNISA).

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1933.
A preliminary investigation into the state of the native languages in South Africa, with suggestions as to research and the development of literature. Bantu studies, 7 (1), p. 1-99.
Notes: Includes, among other things, "An alphabetical bibliography of Bushman language and literature" (p. 34-35), "List of most important works dealing with the Nama language" (p. 36-38), "List of works dealing with the Korana language" (p. 38-39), "List of the most important works dealing with Herero, Ndonga, Kwanyama" (p. 93-99).

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1936.
An outline of ≠Khomani Bushman phonetics. Bantu studies (Johannesburg), 10, p. 433-461.
Notes: Reprinted 1937 in Bushmen of the southern Kalahari (ed. by J.D. Rheinallt Jones & C.M. Doke; Witwatersrand University Press), p. 61-88.

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1936.
Games, plays and dances of the ≠Khomani Bushmen. Bantu studies, 10, p. 461-471.

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1936.
The Bushmen of the Kalahari. Transvaal educational news, December 1936, p. 11-14.

Doke, Clement Martyn. 1937.
Games, plays and dances of the ≠Khomani Bushmen. Bushmen of the southern Kalahari, p. (?). Edited by John David Rheinallt Jones and Clement Martyn Doke. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Dornan, Samuel Shaw. 1909.
Notes on the Bushmen of Basutoland. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society, 18, p. 437-450.

Dowson, Thomas A. 1995.
Hunter-gatherers, traders and slaves: the 'Mfecane' impact on Bushmen, their ritual and their art. The Mfecane aftermath: reconstructive debates in southern African history, p. 51-70. Edited by Carolyn Hamilton. Johannesburg & Pietermaritzburg: Witwatersrand University Press; University of Natal Press.

Dowson, Thomas A.; Lewis-Williams, J. David. (Ed.) 1994.
Contested images: diversity in southern African rock art research. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Drews, [Leutnant]. 1910.
Erkundung der Hunsberge. Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 23, p. 161-163.
Notes: Mentions Hunsberg-Buschleute, who could be ≠Unkwe. Not sure though.

Drury, J. 1935.
Preliminary report on the anthropological researches carried out in South West Africa by the S.A. Museum. Annals of the South African Museum, 24 (2), p. 89-109.
Notes: Deals with "Bushmen tribes at Sandfontein" (Strohmeyer 1982:189).

Duckworth, W.L.H. 1915/16.
Descrizione di un Boscimano del Sud Africa. Rivista di antropologia, 20, p. 3-7.

Duggan-Cronin, Alfred Martin. (Ed.) 1942.
The Bushman tribes of southern Africa. With an introductory article on the Bushmen tribes and descriptive notes on the plates by D.F. Bleek. Kimberley: Alexander McGregor Memorial Museum. Pp 14, 40 plates.

Dunn, Edward John. 1931.
The Bushman. London: C. Griffin & Co. Pp xii, 130, plates.

Dunn, Edward John. 1937.
The Bushmen. South African journal of science, 33, p. 1050-1054.
Notes: Describes the distribution of Khoekhoe and Bushman anno 1870 (Köhler 1981:477).

Dunn, Robert. 1875.
Some remarks on ethnic psychology. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 4, p. 255-265.
Notes: Discusses South Khoesan Bushmen as well as Khoikhoi.

Eberhard, Etaine. 1996.
Wilhelm Bleek and the founding of Bushman research. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 49-65. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Ehret, Christopher. 1967.
Cattle-keeping and milking in eastern and southern African history: the linguistic evidence. Journal of African history, 8 (1), p. 1-17.

Ehret, Christopher. 1986.
Proposals on Khoisan reconstruction. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (2), p. 105-130.

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus. 1972.
Die !Ko-Buschmanngeselschaft: Aggressionskontrolle und Gruppenbindung. München: Piper.

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus. 1974.
!Ko-Buschleute (Kalahari): Tranzetanz. Homo, 24, p. 245-252.

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus. 1975.
Aggression in !Ko-Bushmen. Psychological anthropology, p. 317-331. Edited by R.T. Williams. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, Irenäus. 1978.
Early socialization in the !Xõ Bushmen. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 130-136. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Elphick, Richard H. 1974.
Comment on Boeseken's "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 2 (1), p. 3-7.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Richard H. Elphick, (final comment), Cabo, v. 3 (1975) p. 12-15; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Elphick, Richard H. 1975.
Final comment on Boeseken's "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan". Cabo, 3, p. 12-15.
Reviews etc.: Anna J. Boeseken, "The meaning, origin and use of the terms Khoikhoi, San and Khoisan", Cabo, v. 1 (1972) p. 5-10; Richard H. Elphick, (comment), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 3-7; Anna J. Boeseken, (reply), Cabo, v. 2 (1974) p. 8-10; Anna J. Boeseken, "On changing terminology in history", Cabo, v. 2 (1975) p. 16-18.

Engelbrecht, Jan Antonie. 1958.
'n Besoek aan de Boesmans van Kalahari-Gemsbokpark. Bantu/Bantoe (Pretoria), 10, p. 51-57.
Notes: Unsure about the contents.

Ergates, [?]. 1905.
Bushmen's stock raids in Natal [a chat with Mr Robert Speirs]. Natal agricultural journal, 8, p. 113-123.

FitzSimons, Frederick William. 1923.
The Bushmen at the Zuurberg. South African journal of science, 20, p. 501-503.
Notes: Account of cave excavations.

Flower, William Henry. 1889.
The Pygmy races of men. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 18, p. 73-91.
Notes: Talks about Pygmies as described in ancient texts, e.g. Herodotus. Includes discussions mainly on Asian peoples but also on southern African Bushmen, the Akoa/M'Pongo of Gabon, and others.

Fourie, Louis. 1928.
The Bushmen of South West Africa. The native tribes of South West Africa, p. 79-105. Edited by Carl Hugo Hahn jnr, Louis Fourie and Hermann Heinrich Vedder. Cape Town: Cape Times Ltd for the Administration of South West Africa.

Fritsch, Gustav Theodor. 1872.
Die Eingeborenen Süd-Afrika's: ethnographisch und anatomisch beschrieben (nebst einem Atlas). Breslau: Ferdinand Hirt. Pp xxiv, 528, atlas.
Notes: Barnard (1992:13) dates this erroneously 1863.

Fritsch, Gustav Theodor. 1880.
Die afrikanischen Buschmänner als Urrasse. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 12 (3), p. 289-300.

Gayre, R. Gayre of. 1964.
The races of peoples of southern Africa: some notes on their ethnic movements and distributions. Tydskrif wir rasse-aangeleenthede, 15 (4), p. 141-154.

Gentz, P. [Oberleutenant]. 1909.
Die Buschmänner: ein aussterbendes Volk in Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, 26, p. 450-452.

Godée-Molsbergen, Everhardus Cornelis. (Ed.) 1916.
Reizen in Zuid-Afrika in de hollandse tijd. Deel 2: tochten naar het noorden 1686-1806. Werken uitgegeven door de Linschoten-Vereeniging, 12. 's-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.

Godée-Molsbergen, Everhardus Cornelis. (Ed.) 1916.
Reizen in Zuid-Afrika in de hollandse tijd. Deel 1: tochten naar het noorden 1652-1686. Werken uitgegeven door de Linschoten-Vereeniging, 11. 's-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.

Godée-Molsbergen, Everhardus Cornelis. (Ed.) 1922.
Reizen in Zuid-Afrika in de hollandse tijd. Deel 3: tochten langs de Z.O.-kust en naar het oosten 1670-1752. Werken uitgegeven door de Linschoten-Vereeniging, 20. 's-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.

Godée-Molsbergen, Everhardus Cornelis. (Ed.) 1932.
Reizen in Zuid-Afrika in de hollandse tijd. Deel 4: tochten in het Kafferland 1776-1805. Werken uitgegeven door de Linschoten-Vereeniging, 36. 's-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.

Goodwin, A.J.H. 1936.
The Bushmen. The African observer: a review of contemporary affairs (Bulawayo), 5 (5), p. 41-46.

Gordon, Robert James. 1986.
Once again: how many Bushmen are there?. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 53-68. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard B. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1950.
Studies in African linguistic classification. Part 6: the Click languages. Southwestern journal of anthropology, 6 (3), p. 223-237.
Reviews etc.: Diedrich Westermann, "African linguistic classification", Africa, v. 22 (1952) p. 250-256.

Greenberg, Joseph Harold. 1970.
Click languages. Encyclopedia americana, 7, p. 67.

Griesbach, Carl Ludolf. 1872.
On the weapons and implements used by the Kaffir tribes and Bushmen of South Africa. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1, appendix, p. cliv-clv (154-155).

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1977.
More on Khoisan classification. IAI (International African Institute) bulletin: African studies notes & news, 47, p. 2-3.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1986.
"San" or "Bushmen"?. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 27-51. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard B. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1989.
Bushman folktales: oral traditions of the Nharo of Botswana and the /Xam of the Cape. Studien zur Kulturkunde, 93. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. Pp 166.
Reviews etc.: Roger Hewitt, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 53 (1990) p. 581-582; Rainer Vossen, Anthropos, v. 86 (1991) p. 614-615; Janette Deacon, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, v. 12/13 (1991/92) p. 381-390.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1996.
Diversity and flexibility: the case of the Bushmen of southern Africa. Cultural diversity among twentieth-century foragers: an African perspective, p. 65-86. Edited by Susan Kent. Cambridge University Press.
Notes: Deals with the !Kung and the !Xóõ.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1996.
Attempting to contextualise /Xam oral tradition. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 77-99. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Guenther, Mathias [Georg]. 1999.
Tricksters and trancers: Bushman religion and society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Pp ix, 288.

Güldemann, Tom. 200x.
Studies in Tuu (Southern Khoisan). University of Leipzig papers on Africa (ULPA): languages and literatures series, 23. Leipzig: Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität Leipzig.

Güldemann, Tom. 1997.
The Kalahari Basin as an object of areal typology: a first approach. Khoisan forum working papers, 3. Arid Climate, Adaption and Cultural Innovation in Africa (ACACIA), University of Cologne. Pp 34.

Güldemann, Tom. 1998.
The Kalahari Basin as an object of areal typology: a first approach. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 137-169. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Güldemann, Tom. 2000.
The //N!ke or Bushmen of Griqualand West, Notes on the language of the //N!ke or Bushmen of Griqualand West [by Dorothea Bleek]: editor's introduction. Khoisan forum working papers, 15, p. 7-13.

Güldemann, Tom. 2000.
Noun categorization systems in non-Khoe lineages of Khoisan. Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 63, p. 5-33.

Güldemann, Tom. 2001.
Phonological regularities of consonant systems across linguistic lineages. Papers on Africa: languages and literatures series, 16. Leipzig: University of Leipzig. Pp 50.

Güldemann, Tom. 2001.
Phonological regularities of consonant systems across Khoisan lineages. University of Leipzig papers on Africa (ULPA): languages and literatures series, 16. Leipzig: Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität Leipzig. Pp 50.

Güldemann, Tom. 2002.
Die Entlehnung pronominaler Elemente des Khoekhoe aus dem !Ui-Taa. Aktuelle Forschungen zu afrikanischen Sprachen: sprachwissenschaftliche Beiträge zum 14. Afrikanistentag Hamburg, 11.-14. Oktober 2000, p. 43-61. Edited by Theda Schumann, Mechthild Reh, Roland Kiessling and Ludwig Gerhardt. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Güldemann, Tom. 2002.
Using older Khoisan sources: quantifier expressions in Lower Nossop varieties of Tuu. South African journal of African languages, 22 (3), p. 187-196.

Güldemann, Tom. 2003.
Khoisan languages. International encyclopedia of linguistics, v. 2, p. 359-362. Second edition. Edited by W.J. Frawley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Güldemann, Tom. 2006.
Structural isoglosses between Khoekhoe and Tuu: the Cape as a linguistic area. Linguistic areas: convergence in historical and typological perspective, p. 99-134. Edited by Yaron Matras, April McMahon and Nigel Vincent. Hampshire UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Güldemann, Tom. 2006.
The San languages of southern Namibia: linguistic appraisal with special reference to J.G. Krönlein's Nuusaa data. Anthropological linguistics, 48 (4), p. 369ff.

Güldemann, Tom; Vossen, Rainer. 2000.
Khoisan. African languages: an introduction, p. 99-122. Edited by Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse. Cambridge University Press.

Gusinde, Martin. 1966.
Von gelben und schwarzen Buschmännern: eine untergehende Altkultur im süden Afrikas. Graz: Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt. Pp vi, 227.
Reviews etc.: Herbert Ganslmayr, Tribus: Jahrbuch des Linden-Museums, v. 17 (1968) p. 219-220.

Haacke, Wilfrid [Heinrich] [Gerhard]. 2005.
Khoesaan languages. Encyclopedia of language and linguistics, v?, p. 192-195. Edited by Keith Brown and others. Boston: Elsevier Science.

Hahn, Johannes Theophilus. 1870.
Beiträge zur Kunde der Hottentotten. Jahresbericht des Vereins für Erdkunde zu Dresden, 6/7, p. 1-73.
Notes: Includes Seroa and !Khuai vocabulary plus lots of Nama stuff. Köhler (1981:477) dates this 1873.

Haile, Alfred J.; Tagart, Edward Samuel B. (Ed.) 1935.
The Masarwa (Bushmen): report of an inquiry by the South African District Committee of the London Missionary Society. Alice: Lovedale Press for the London Missionary Society (LMS). Pp 33.
Notes: Most commonly referred to without the editor's names.

Hasselbring, Sue. 1996.
A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Gantsi District. Gaborone: Botswana Language Use Project. Pp 51.

Hasselbring, Sue. 2000.
Where are the Khoesan of Botswana?. Botswana: the future of the minority languages, p. (?). Edited by Herman M. Batibo and Birgit Smieja. Duisburger Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft, 40. Frankfurt-am-Main: Peter Lang.

Hasselbring, Sue; Segatlhe, Thabiso. 2000.
Language choice in ten domains among Khoesan speakers in Botswana. The state of Khoesan languages in Botswana, p. 76-99. Edited by Herman M. Batibo and Joseph Tsonope. Mogoditshane (Botswana) & Gaborone: Tasalls Publ. & Books for the Basarwa Languages Project, University of Botswana and University of Tromsø.

Hasselbring, Sue; Segatlhe, Thabiso; Munch, Julie. 2001.
A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Botswana, v. 2. Sociolinguistic studies of Botswana language series. Gaborone: Basarwa Languages Project, under the University of Botswana/University of Tromsø Collaborative Basarwa Research Programme. Pp v, 196.

Hastings, Rachel. 2001.
Evidence for the genetic unity of southern Khoesan. Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, p. 225-246.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 19xx.
The ethno-biology of the !Kõ Bushmen: entomological knowledge. Manuscript.
Notes: Source?

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 19xx.
The ethno-biology of the !Kõ Bushmen: reptiles and amphibians. Manuscript.
Notes: Source?

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1961.
Factors governing the survival of Bushman worm parasites in the Kalahari. South African journal of science, 57, p. 207-213.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1963.
The future of the Bushmen of the Kalahari: a plea report by request of the Bechuanaland government. Gaborone.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1966.
The social organization of the !Kõ Bushmen. MA thesis. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA). Pp 279.
Notes: Later published by Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 1994.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1967.
Conflict, tensions and release of tensions in a Bushman society. Papers from the Institute for the Study of Man in Africa, 23. Johannesburg: Institute for the Study of Man in Africa.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1970.
Experiences gained in a Bushman pilot settlement scheme: interim report. Occasional papers from the Department of Pathology, 1. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1971.
The ethno-biology of the !Kõ Bushmen: the anatomical and physiological knowledge. South African journal of science, 67 (2), p. 43-51.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1971.
Experiences gained in a Bushman pilot settlement scheme: second interim report. Occasional papers from the Department of Pathology. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1972.
Territoriality among the Bushmen in general and the !Ko in particular. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 67, p. 405-416.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1975.
Elements of !Ko Bushmen religious beliefs. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 70, p. 17-41.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1975.
Acculturation problems arising in a Bushman development scheme. South African journal of science, 71, p. 78-85.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1977.
The ethno-biology of the !Ko Bushmen: knowledge on behaviour of cloven-hoofed animals (antelopes and warthog). Ethnomedizin, 4 (3/4), p. 241-266.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1978.
The Bushmen's store of scientific knowledge. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 148-161. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1979.
The ethno-biology of the !Ko Bushmen: knowledge concerning medium and smaller mammals. Ethnomedizin, 5 (3/4), p. 319-340.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1979.
The nexus complex among the !Xõ Bushmen of Botswana. Anthropos: internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde, 74 (3/4), p. 465-480.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1986.
A !Xõ Bushmen burial. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 23-36. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Heinz, Hans Joachim. 1994.
Social organization of the !Kõ Bushmen. Edited by Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 10. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 225.
Reviews etc.: Anthony Traill, African studies, v. 54 (1995) p. ?; Alec C. Campbell, Botswana notes and records, v. 28 (1996) p. 242.
Notes: Belated publication of the author's MA thesis, University of South Africa, 1966.

Heinz, Hans Joachim; Maguire, Brian. 1974.
The ethno-biology of the !Kõ Bushmen: their ethno-botanical knowledge and plant lore. Occasional papers, 1. Gaborone: The Botswana Society. Pp ii, 53.

Heinz, Hans Joachim; Martiny, O. 1980.
The ethno-biology of the !Xõ Bushmen: the ornithological knowledge. Ethnomedizin, 6 (1/4), p. 31-59.

Hewitt, J. 1920.
Notes relating to the aboriginal tribes of the Eastern Province. South African journal of science, 17, p. 304-321.

Hewitt, Roger L. 1985.
The oral literature of the San and related peoples. Literatures in African languages: theoretical issues and sample surveys, p. 650-672. Edited by Bogumil W. Andrzejewski, Stanislaw Pilaszewicz and Witold Tyloch. Cambridge University Press.

Hewitt, Roger L. 1986.
Structure, meaning and ritual in the narratives of the Southern San. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 2. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Hewitt, Roger L. 1986.
The anteater's laws: animal classification and the social order. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 37-49. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1978.
A history of research among Basarwa in Botswana. Working papers, 19. Gaborone: Botswana National Archives. Pp 25.

Hitchcock, Robert Karl. 1978.
An overview of academic research among Basarwa in Botswana. Proceedings of the workshop on outlining the Botswana research landscape, p. 44-49. Edited by Bernard S. Weimer. Gaborone: National Institute of Development and Cultural Research Documentation Unit (NIR).

Hoff, Ansie. (Ed.) 2007.
Medicine experts of the /Xam San: the !kwa-ka !gi:ten who controlled the rain and water. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 19. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 67.

Holm, E. 1965.
Tier und Gott: Mythik, Mantik und Magie der südafrikanischen Urjäger. Basel & Stuttgart: Schwabenverlag.

Holub, Emil. 1881.
Sieben Jahre in Süd-Afrika: Erlebnisse, Forschungen und Jagden auf meinen Reisen von den Diamantfeldern zum Zambesi (1872-1879), 2 Bde. Wien: Alfred Hölder. Pp xvi, 528; ix, 532.

Holub, Emil. 1881.
Seven years in South Africa: travels, researches and hunting adventures between the diamond-fields and the Zambesi (1872-1879), 2 vols. Translated from German by Ellen E. Frewer. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.

Holub, Emil. 1881.
On the central South African tribes from the south coast to the Zambesi. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 10, p. 2-20.
Notes: Talks about the Bushmen of South Africa, the "real Hottentots", the Griquas, the Korannas, the Zulu, the Makalaka (= Karanga), the Matabele, the Makalahari (= Kgalagadi), the Manansa (the who?), the Betchuanas. Article followed by discussions (p. 19-20) by Mr Reade and Mr Cornelis Walford.

Honey, James A. 1910.
South African folktales. New York: Baker & Taylor.

Honken, Henry. 1977.
Submerged features and proto-Khoisan. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 145-169. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Honken, Henry. 1984.
Word groups in the click languages. Khoisan Special Interest Group: newsletter, 2, p. 6-8.

Honken, Henry. 1988.
Phonetic correspondences among Khoisan affricates. New perspectives on the study of Khoisan, p. 47-65. Edited by Rainer Vossen. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 7. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Hooge, J. 1938.
Rassenmischung in Süd-Afrika im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. Zeitschrift für Rassenkunde und die gesamte Forschung am Menschen, 8 (2), p. 138-151.

How, Marion Walsham. 1962.
The Mountain Bushmen of Basutoland. Illustrated by James Walton. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik. Pp 63.
Notes: Reprinted 1970 by the same publishers.

Inskeep, Ray R. 1978.
The Bushmen in prehistory. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 33-56. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Jameson, Robert; Wilson, James; Murray, Hugh. 1830.
Narrative of discovery and adventure in Africa. Edinburgh & London: Oliver & Boyd; Simpkin & Marshall. Pp xvi, 492.
Notes: Many editions, some abridged, seem to exist. Based on many previous and contemporary descriptions, from Herodotus, Hanno, Ibn Battua, Leo Africanus, etc. Has something on Haussa, Bambara, Ashantee, Bushmen, 'Zoolas', and others.

Jenkins, Trefor; Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1977.
Nomenclature of population groups in southern Africa. African studies, 36 (1), p. 49-55.
Notes: "This was an attempt to prescribe the terminology to be used to delineate population groups ... [it] was based on a rather simplistic view of the issues involved" (Barnard 1992:50).

Jenny, Hans R. 1969.
Die letzten Giftpfeile. Internationales Afrikaforum, 5, p. 210-214.
Notes: "Sprachlicher vergleich der Nama- und Buschmannsprachen, auf Köhler fussend" (Strohmeyer & Moritz 1975:126).

Jeursen, Belinda. 1995.
!Khwa and menstruation in narratives of the /Xam Bushmen. Alternation (Durban), 2 (2), p. (?).

Jolly, Pieter. 1983.
A comparative study of aspects of San religion and ritual practices. BA Honours thesis. University of Cape Town.

Jolly, Pieter. 1994.
Strangers to brothers: interaction between south-eastern San and southern Nguni/Sotho communities. MA thesis. University of Cape Town.

Jolly, Pieter. 1996.
Interaction between south-eastern San and southern Nguni and Sotho communities, c.1400 - c.1880. South African historical journal, 35, p. 30-61.

Jolly, Pieter. 1997.
An evaluation of recent oral evidence relating to Nguni diviners and the south-eastern San. Kronos: journal of Cape history, 24, p. 119-128.

Jolly, Pieter. 1998.
An evaluation of recent oral evidence relating to south-eastern San history and culture. The proceedings of the Khoisan identities and cultural heritage conference, held at the South African Museum, Cape Town, 12-16 July 1997, p. 104-111. Edited by Andrew Bank, Hans Heese and Chris Loff. Cape Town: Infosource in association with the Institute of Historical Research, University of Western Cape.

Jungraithmayr, Herrmann; Möhlig, Wilhelm Johann Georg. 1983.
Lexikon der Afrikanistik: afrikanische Sprachen und ihre Erforschung. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Pp 351, 3 maps.
Reviews etc.: Rainer Vossen, Tribus, v. 34 (1985) p. 204-206.
Notes: Includes brief sections on a variety of subjects, e.g. "Khoisansprachen" by J.C. Winter (p. 125-127).

Kannemeyer, D.R. 1890.
Stone implements of the Bushmen. Cape illustrated magazine, 1, p. 120-130.

Kent, Susan. (Ed.) 1996.
Cultural diversity among twentieth-century foragers: an African perspective. Cambridge University Press.
Reviews etc.: Peter Mitchell, African archaeological review, v. 17 (2000) p. 177-181.

Kent, Susan. 2002.
Autonomy or serfdom? Relations between prehistoric neighboring hunter-gatherers and farmer/pastoralists in southern Africa. Ethnicity, hunter-gatherers and the "other": association or assimilation in Africa, p. (?). Edited by Susan Kent. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institute Press.

Kirby, Percival R. 1936.
A study of Bushman music. Bantu studies, 10, p. 205-252.

Kirby, Percival R. 1936.
The musical practices of the /Auni and ≠Khomani Bushmen. Bantu studies, 10, p. 373-431.

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1974.
Die Sprache der !Khong von Lone Tree. Manuskript.
Notes: Referred to by Köhler (1981:478).

Köhler, Oswin Reinhold Albin. 1987.
Khoisan languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 15th edition, 22, p. 775-778, 813.

Krönlein, Johann Georg. 1861.
Vokabular der /Nusan-Sprache. Manuskript.
Reviews etc.: Tom Güldemann, "The San languages of southern Namibia: linguistic appraisal with special reference to J.G. Krönlein's Nuusaa data", Anthropological linguistics, v. 48 (2006) p. ?
Notes: This is sometimes referred to as "List of the language of the /Nusan" or just "/Nusan vocabulary". Much (most? all?) of the data appears in Bleek (1956).

Ladefoged, Peter; Barroso, Norma Antonanzas. 1985.
Computer measures of breathy voice quality. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) working papers in phonetics, 61, p. 79-86.
Notes: Includes !Xoo analyses.

Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian. 1996.
Clicks. The sounds of the world's languages, p. 246-280. Oxford & Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publ.

Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian; Jackson, Michel. 1988.
Investigating phonation types in different languages. Vocal physiology: voice production, mechanisms and functions, p. 297-317. Edited by Osamu Fujimura. New York: Raven Press.
Notes: Includes !Xóõ examples.

Ladefoged, Peter; Traill, Anthony. 1984.
Nasal venting in !Xóõ Bushman. South African journal of science, 80, p. (?).

Ladefoged, Peter; Traill, Anthony. 1994.
Clicks and their accompaniments. Journal of phonetics, 22, p. 33-64.

Laidler, Percy Ward. 1924.
Bushmen of Namaqualand. Man: a record of anthropological science, 24, p. 140 (art. 104).
Reviews etc.: M.W.H. Beech, "Pre-Bantu occupants of East Africa", Man, v. 15 (1915) p. 40-41 (art. 24); Hugh S. Stannus, "Pre-Bantu occupants of East Africa", Man, v. 15 (1915) p. 131-132 (art. 76).

Laing, G.D. 1926.
The relationship between Boskop, Bushman and Negro elements in the formation of the native races of South Africa. South African journal of science, 23, p. 905-908.

Lanham, Leonard Walter. 1964.
The proliferation and extension of Bantu phonemic systems influenced by Bushman and Hottentot. Proceedings of the 9th international congress of linguists, Cambridge 1962, p. 382-391. Edited by Horace Lunt. Janua linguarum: series maior, 12. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Lanham, Leonard Walter. 1978.
An outline history of the languages of southern Africa. Language and communication studies in South Africa, p. 13-28. Edited by Leonard Walter Lanham and Karel P. Prinsloo. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Lanham, Leonard Walter; Hallowes, D.P. 1956.
An outline of the structure of eastern Bushman. African studies, 15 (3), p. 97-118.

Lanham, Leonard Walter; Hallowes, D.P. 1956.
Linguistic relationships and contacts expressed in the vocabulary of eastern Bushman. African studies, 15 (1), p. 45-48.
Notes: Reprinted 1993 in Foundations in southern African linguistics (ed. by Robert K. Herbert; Witwatersrand University Press), p. 253-256.

Lebzelter, Viktor. 1930.
Die Vorgeschichte von Süd- und Südwestafrika: wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise nach Süd- und Südwestafrika in den Jahren 1926-1928. Rassen und Kulturen in Südafrika, 1. Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann. Pp xii, 220, 48 plates.

Lebzelter, Viktor. 1934.
Eingeborenenkulturen in Süd- und Südwestafrika: wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise nach Süd- und Südwestafrika in den Jahren 1926-1928. Rassen und Kulturen in Südafrika, 2. Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann.

Leeuwenberg, J. 1970.
A Bushman legend from the George district. South African archaeological bulletin, 25 (3/4), p. 145-146.

Leistner, O.A. 1967.
The plant ecology of the southern Kalahari. Memoirs of the Botanical survey of South Africa, 38. Pretoria: Department of Agriculture (South Africa). Pp 172, map.

Leslie, L. 1930.
Some remarks on the Bushmen of the Orange River. South African quarterly, 1, p. 79-82.
Notes: Unsure about jorno title and dates. The info above comes from Strohmeyer (1982:197). Possibly the jorno should be South African quarterly journal, second series, with the year 1830 attached to it. Source?

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1972.
The syntax and function of the Giant's Castle rock paintings. South African archaeological bulletin, 27, p. 49-65.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1974.
Superpositioning in a sample of rock-paintings from the Barkly East district. South African archaeological bulletin, 29, p. 93-103.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1978.
Believing and seeing: an interpretation of symbolic meanings in Southern San rock paintings. PhD thesis. Durban: University of Natal.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1980.
Ethnography and iconography: aspects of southern San thought and art. Man, new series, 15, p. 467-482.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1981.
Believing and seeing: symbolic meaning in southern San rock art. London: Academic Press.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1981.
The thin red line: southern San notions and rock paintings of supernatural potency. South African archaeological bulletin, 36, p. 5-13.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1982.
The economic and social context of southern San rock art. Current anthropology, 23 (4), p. 429-449.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1983.
The rock art of southern Africa. Cambridge University Press.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. (Ed.) 1983.
New approaches to southern African rock art. Goodwin series, 4. Cape Town: South African Archaeological Society.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1983.
An ethnographic interpretation of a rock painting in Barkly East. Humanitas: tydskrif vir navorsing in die geesteswetenskappe, 9, p. 225-252.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1984.
Ideological continuities in prehistoric southern Africa: the evidence of rock art. Past and present in hunter-gatherer studies, p. 225-252. Edited by Carmel Schrire. New York: Academic Press.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1986.
Paintings of power: ethnography and rock art in southern Africa. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 231-273. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard Borshay Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1988.
Reality and non-reality in San rock art. Raymond Dart lectures, 25. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press for the Institute for the Study of Man in Africa. Pp 25.

Lewis-Williams, J. David. 1996.
'A visit to the Lion's House': the structure, metaphors and socio-political significance of a nineteenth-century Bushman myth. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 122-141. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Lewis-Williams, J. David; Biesele, Megan [Marguerite] [Anne]. 1978.
Eland hunting rituals among northern and southern San groups: striking similarities. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 48 (2), p. 117-134.

Lichtenstein, Hinrich [Martin] [Karl]. 1811/12.
Reisen im südlichen Afrika in den Jahren 1803, 1804, 1805 und 1806, 2 Bde. Berlin: Salfeld. Pp x, 1346.
Notes: Volume II includes an appendix on Korana and /Xam Bushman. First volume reprinted 1967 by F.A. Brockhaus in Stuttgart, with a new introduction by Wahrhold Drascher (Quellen zur Forschungen zur Geschichte der Geographie und der Reisen, 4).

Lichtenstein, Hinrich [Martin] [Karl]. 1812.
Über die Sprache der wilden Hottentottenstämme, insonderheit der Koranen und Buschmänner. Reisen im südlichen Afrika in den Jahren 1803, 1804, 1805 und 1806, v. 2, p. 603-618. Berlin: Salfeld.

Lichtenstein, Hinrich [Martin] [Karl]. 1812/15.
Travels in southern Africa in the years 1803, 1804, 1805 and 1806, 2 vols. Translated from German by Anne Plumptre. London: Henry Colburn. Pp 1383.
Reviews etc.: John Barrow, Quarterly review, v. 8 (1812) p. 374-395.
Notes: Reprinted 1928/30 by the Van Riebeeck Society in Cape Town (Publications from the Van Riebeeck Society, nos 10-11).

Lichtenstein, Hinrich [Martin] [Karl]. 1847.
History of the Bosjesmans, or Bush People: the aborigines of southern Africa, with copious extracts from the best authors, showing the habits and disposition of the above-named extraordinary race of human beings. London: Chapman, Elcoate & Co. Pp iv, [5]-48.

Lickey, Sara A. 1985.
Khoisan influence in southern Bantu: an investigation. MA thesis. University of Pittsburgh.

Lindfors, Bernth. 1996.
Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: taxonomic tendencies in nineteenth-century racial iconography. Nordic journal of African studies, 5 (2), p. 1-30.

Lindfors, Bernth. (Ed.) 1999.
Africans on stage: studies in ethnological showbusiness. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Lindfors, Bernth. 2001.
Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: the making of racist stereotypes in 19th-century Britain. Encounter images in the meetings between Africa and Europe, p. 54-75. Edited by Mai Palmberg. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute (NAI).
Notes: Slightly edited version of an article previously published as "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: taxonomic tendencies in nineteenth-century racial iconography" in Nordic journal of African studies, v. 5 (1996).

Lloyd, Lucy Catherine. 1880.
Bushman folklore. Folk-lore journal (Cape Town), 2, p. 39-43.
Notes: Without author's name.

Lloyd, Lucy Catherine. 1889.
A short account of further Bushman material collected: third report concerning Bushman researches, presented to both Houses of the Parliament of the Cape of Good Hope, by command of His Excellency the Governor. London: David Nutt. Pp 28.

Lorenson, S. 1992.
The back vowel constraint and related rules in !Xóõ: an A&P analysis. Manuscript. Tucson AZ: University of Arizona.
Notes: Referred to by Traill (1997:116).

Maddieson, Ian. 1993.
The structure of segment sequences. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) working papers in phonetics, 83, p. 1-7.
Notes: Includes !Xóõ examples.

Maho, Jouni Filip. 1993.
An overview of people and languages in Namibia. Undergraduate D-level essay. Department of Linguistics, Göteborg University. Pp viii, 178.
Notes: Revised, re-written and published as Few people, many tongues (Maho 1998).

Maho, Jouni Filip. 1998.
Few people, many tongues: the languages of Namibia. Windhoek: Gamsberg Macmillan Publ. Pp x, 222.
Reviews etc.: Arvi Hurskainen, Nordic journal of African studies, v. 7 (1998) p. 95-99; Axel Fleisch, Word, v. 51 (2000) p. 413-416; Brian Harlech-Jones, Journal of multilingual and multicultural development, v. 21 (2000) p. 151-153; Sabine Hoeth, Frankfurter afrikanistische Blätter, v. 12 (2000) p. 151-153; Haig Der-Houssikian, ABPR - African book publishing record, v. 25 (2000) p. ?; Edward J. Vajda, Language, v. 76 (2000) p. 474.
Notes: Survey of the linguistic typology and the sociolinguistics of the Namibian languages. Revision (heavy) of Maho (1993).

Maho, Jouni Filip. 2000.
Comparative word list for !Kwi languages. Manuscript. Department of Oriental and African Languages, Göteborg University. Pp 57.
Notes: Includes comparative word lists, extracted from a variety of sources, for /Xam, ≠Nusa, !Ga-!ne, //Xegwi, /'Auni, ≠Khomani, N/huki, Ng//-!ke, ≠Unkwe, Kakia, /U//en.

Maingard, Louis Fernand. 1929.
Some linguistic problems of South Africa. South African journal of science, 26, p. 835-865.
Notes: Compares Central, Northern and Southern Khoisan.

Maingard, Louis Fernand. 1935.
The first contacts of the Dutch with the Bushmen of the southern Kalahari until the time of Simon van der Stel (1686). South African journal of science, 32, p. 479-487.
Notes: Contains some info on Central Khoisan loans in /Xam.

Maingard, Louis Fernand. 1937.
The ≠Khomani dialect of Bushman: its morphology and other characteristics. Bushmen of the southern Kalahari, p. 237-275. Edited by John David Rheinallt Jones and Clement Martyn Doke. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Maingard, Louis Fernand. 1937.
Some notes on health and disease among the Bushmen of the southern Kalahari. Bantu studies, 11 (3), p. 285-294.
Notes: Reprinted the same year in Bushmen of the southern Kalahari (ed. by J.D. Rheinallt Jones & C.N. Doke; Witwatersrand University Press), p. 227-236.

Maingard, Louis Fernand. 1958.
Three Bushman languages [pt. 2]: the third Bushman language. African studies, 17, p. 100-115.
Notes: Discusses !Ko (= !Xóõ).

Marais, François; others. 1984.
Ondersoek na die boesmanbevolkingsgroep in SWA. Windhoek: Directorate Development Co-Ordination/Direktoraat ontwikkelingskoördinering.

Marshall, Lorna. 1986.
Some Bushman star lore. Contemporary studies on Khoisan: in honour of Oswin Köhler on the occasion of his 75th birthday, v. 2, p. 169-204. Edited by Rainer Vossen and Klaus Keuthmann. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 5. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.
Notes: Investigates what different stars and star constellations symbolize in Bushman belief/mythology.

Martin, Minnie. 1903.
Basutuland: its legends and customs. London: James Nichols. Pp viii, 174.
Notes: Contains notes about Lesotho Bushmen (Strohmeyer 1903:199).

Mazel, Aron D. 1996.
In pursuit of San pre-colonial history in the Natal Drakensberg: a historical review. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 191-195. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Meinhof, Carl [Friedrich] [Michael]. 1928/29.
Versuch einer grammatischen Skizze einer Buschmannsprache. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen (Berlin), 19, p. 161-188.
Notes: A grammar of ≠Unkwe.

Meinhof, Carl [Friedrich] [Michael]. 1930.
Das Verhältnis der Buschmannsprachen zum Hottentottischen. Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, 37 (3/4), p. 219-229.

Meriggi, Piero. 1928/29.
Versuch einer Grammatik des /Xam-Buschmännischen. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen (Berlin), 19, p. 117-153, 188-205.

Merwe, S. van der. 1960.
Die Boesmans van Südwestafrika. Die staatsamptenaar/The public servant, November 1960, p. 32-34.

Mesthrie, Rajend. (Ed.) 2002.
Language in South Africa. Cambridge University Press. Pp xvii, 485.
Reviews etc.: Theo du Plessis, Language policy, v. 2 (2003) p. 208-213.

Miller-Ockhuizen, Amanda. 1997.
A decompositional analysis of Khoisan lexical tone. Studies in the linguistic sciences, 27 (1), p. 153-168.

Miller-Ockhuizen, Amanda. 1998.
Towards a unified decompositional analysis of Khoisan lexical tone. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 217-243. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
Notes: Tonological analysis of Ju/'hoan and !Xóõ.

Moffat snr, Robert [Reverend]. 1842.
Missionary labours and scenes in southern Africa. London: John Snow for the London Missionary Society (LMS). Pp viii, 164.
Reviews etc.: Anon, "Men and brutes of South Africa", The North African review (Cedar Falls IO), v. 68 (1849) p. 265-300.
Notes: Reprinted many times, e.g. 1969 by Johnson Reprint Corporation in New York.

Moffat snr, Robert [Reverend]. 1857/58.
Narrative of a journey in the Bushman and Namaqualand Districts of the Cape of Good Hope, with map. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London, 2 (2), p. 77-79.

Mointain, Alain. 2003.
First people of the Cape. Cape Town: David Philip Publ. Pp 128.
Notes: Details wanting. Who and what does this deal with?

Moodie, Donald. (Ed.) 1838/41.
The record, or a series of official papers relative to the conditions of the native tribes of South Africa, 3 vols. Cape Town: A.S. Robertson.
Notes: Reprinted 1960/66 in two vols by A.A. Balkema.

Moodie, Donald. 1855.
South African annals: origin of the Bushmen. Cape Town: Saul Solomon & Co.

Moodie, John Wedderburn Dunbar. 1835.
Ten years in South Africa, 2 vols. London: Richard Bentley.

Motzafi-Haller, Pnina. 1986.
Whither the "true Bushmen": the dynamics of perpetual marginality. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (1), p. 295-328.

Mous, Maarten. 2003.
Loss of linguistic diversity in Africa. Language death and language maintenance: theoretical, practical and descriptive approaches, p. 157-170. Edited by Mark Janse and Sijmen Tol. Current issues in linguistic theory, 240. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publ.

Müller, Friedrich. 1877.
Grundriss der Sprachwissenschaft, Bd I, Abt. II: die Sprachen der wollhaarigen Rassen. Wien: Alfred Hölder. Pp 263.
Notes: Most of the chapters in this book are based on material collected (and written?) by others. Includes many sections on African languages, e.g. "Hottentotisch (Nama-Dialekt)" (p. 1-24), "Die Sprachen der Buschmänner [Seroa, !Khuai, ≠Nusa]" (p. 25-29).

Müller, Friedrich. 1888.
Die Sprache de /Kham Buschmänner. Grundriss der Sprachwissenschaft, Bd 4, p. (?). Wien: Alfred Hölder.
Notes: This is referred to by Hewitt (1986:267). I've not seen a similar reference anywhere else, nor have I seen Müller's fourth volume (only the first three).

Nakagawa, Hirosi. 2006.
Aspects of the phonetic and phonological structure of the G/ui language. PhD thesis. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. Pp 303.
Notes: Discusses also G//ana, !Xoo, Ju/'hoansi, Kxoe, Nama, and Sadawe.

Newman, Paul. 1997.
Language families: an overview. Encyclopedia of Africa south of the Sahara, v. 2, p. 501-503. Edited by John F.M. Middleton. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Noble, Roderick. (Ed.) 1869.
The Cape and its people, and other essays. Cape Town: J.C. Juta.
Notes: Reprinted 1970 by Negro Universities Press in New York (ISBN-10 0-8371-2855-2).

Norton, W.A. 1919.
The South-West protectorate and its native population. South African journal of science, 16, p. 453-465.
Notes: Contains, among other things, a short wordlist of Molepolole Sesarwa, Hai//om Nama and "Adam Kok Bushman".

Orpen, Joseph Millerd. 1874.
A glimpse into the mythology of the Maluti Bushmen. Cape monthly magazine, new series, 9 (49), p. 1-13.
Reviews etc.: W.H.I. Bleek, Cape monthly magazine, new series, v. 9 (1874) p. 1-13.
Notes: Reprinted 1919 in Folklore: journal of the Folklore Society, v. 30, p. 139-156.

Papst, [?]. 1896.
Die Kalahariwüste und ihre Bewohner. Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft für Thüringen, 14, p. 48-54.
Notes: Not clear that Papst really is the author.

Parkington, John E. 1977.
Soaqua: hunter-fisher-gatherers of the Olifants River, western Cape. South African archaeological bulletin, 32, p. 150-157.

Parkington, John E.; Manhire, Anthony; Yates, Royden. 1996.
Reading San images. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 212-233. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Parsons, Q. Neil. 1990.
Frantz or Klikko. Botswana notes and records, 22, p. 154.

Passarge, Siegfried. 1906.
Eine Berichtigung zu der Besprechung über die "Buschmänner der Kalahari". Zeitschrift für Ethnologie (Berlin), 38, p. 411-415.
Notes: A reply/correction to Fritsch's review which had appeared in the same journal, same volume, but other pages. The original article which Fritsch had reviewed was published in Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, v. 18 (1905).

Penn, Nigel. 1996.
"Fated to perish": the destruction of the Cape San. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 81-91. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Penn, Nigel. 2001.
Civilising the San: the first mission to the Cape San, 1791-1806. BAB (Basler Afrika Bibliographien) working papers, 3. Basel: Basler Afrika Bibliographien (BAB).

Planert, Wilhelm. 1905.
Über die Sprache der Hottentotten und Buschmänner. Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen, 8 (III), p. 104-176.
Notes: Reprinted as a booklet by Verlag von Dietrich Reimer in Berlin.

Planert, Wilhelm. 1926/27.
Die Schnalzsprachen. Bibliotheca africana (Innsbruck), 2, p. 296-315.
Notes: Compares lexical items in Bari, Masai, Bornu, Nandi, Somali, Bedauye, Kunama, Avukaya, Bilin, Kafa, etc.

Plessis, Danie du. 1968.
Die Boesman in sy laaste skans. Die huisgenoot: geilustreerde weekblad, september 20, p. 10-13.

Potgieter, Ewart F. (Ed.) 1955.
The disappearing Bushmen of Lake Chrissie: a preliminary survey. With notes on the language by Dirk Ziervogel. Hidding-Currie publications of the University of South Africa, 1. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik. Pp vi, 64.
Notes: "This short book is interesting because it reveals some apparent Khoe features in Batwa (//Xegwi) culture and because of the process of acculturation to Swazi and Zulu ways which is depicted" (Barnard 1992:35).

Reenen, J.F. van. 1964.
Dentition, jaws and palate of the Kalahari Bushmen. Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 19, p. 1-37.

Rheinallt Jones, John David; Doke, Clement Martyn. (Ed.) 1937.
Bushmen of the southern Kalahari. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press. Pp vii, 283.
Reviews etc.: Isaac Schapera, Bantu studies, v. 12 (1938) p. 68-71.
Notes: Contains papers reprinted from Bantu studies, v. 10-11 (1936-1937), together with some additional material. "Only few copies contain all the plates; some of them were expurgated by the South African government" (Strohmeyer 1982:187).

Robins, Stevens; Madzudzo, E.; Brenzinger, Matthias. 2001.
An assessment of the status of the San in South Africa, Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Windhoek: Legal Assistance Service.

Rudner, Ione. 1970.
Nineteenth-century Bushmen drawings. South African archaeological bulletin, 25, p. 147-154.

Rycroft, David K. 1978.
Comments on Bushman and Hottentot music recorded by E.O.J. Westphal. Review of ethnology, 5 (2/3), p. 16-23.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1995.
Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships: the case of Khoisan. PhD thesis. UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) dissertations in linguistics, 14. Los Angeles. Pp xiii, 184.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
The linguistic relationship between Hadza and Khoisan. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 266-283. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Comparison and classification of Khoisan languages. Language history and linguistic description in Africa, p. 75-85. Edited by Ian Maddieson and Thomas Joseph Hinnebusch. Trends in African linguistics, 2. Trenton NJ & Asmara: Africa World Press.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 1998.
Eastern and southern African Khoisan: evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationship. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 14. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 256.
Notes: Revision of the author's dissertation (Evaluating claims of distant linguistic relationships), University of California at Los Angeles, 1995.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2001.
Borrowing and diffusion as a source of lexical similarities in Khoesan. Cornell working papers in linguistics, 18, p. 200-224.

Sands, Bonny [Eva]; Miller-Ockhuizen, Amanda; Brugman, Johanna. 2007.
The lexicon in language attrition: the case of N/uu. Selected proceedings of the 37th annual conference on African linguistics, p. 55-65. Edited by Doris L. Payne and Jaime Peña. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Saugestad, Sidsel; Tsonope, Joseph. (Ed.) 1994.
Developing Basarwa research and research for Basarwa development: report from a workshop held at the University of Botswana, 17-18 September 1993. Gaborone: National Institute of Development Research and Documentation (NIR), University of Botswana. Pp ii, 79.

Sbrzesny, Heidi. 1976.
Die Spiele der !Ko-Buschleute unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer sozialisierenden und gruppenbindenden Funktionen. Monographien zur Humanethnologie, 2. München: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.

Schapera, Isaac. 1929.
Bushman languages. Encyclopaedia britannica, 14th edition, 4, p. 452-454.

Schapera, Isaac. 1929.
Comparative grammar of the Khoisan languages. Manuscript.
Notes: Referred to by Strohmeyer & Moritz (1975:129). Is it available anywhere?

Schapera, Isaac. 1929.
The tribal system in South Africa: a study of the Bushmen and the Hottentots, 2 vols. PhD thesis. Department of Anthropology, London School of Economics.

Schapera, Isaac. 1930.
The Khoisan peoples of South Africa: Bushmen and Hottentots. London: George Routledge & Sons. Pp xi, 445, 16 plates, 2 maps.
Reviews etc.: A. W[erner], Journal of the African Society, v. 29 (1929/30) p. 558-561; Edwin W. Smith, Man, v. 31 (1931) p. 91-93 (art. 97).
Notes: "[F]ar from being date, Schapera's volume is as valuable as ever as a summary of often obscure literature (now even more obscure) on numerous Khoisan groups throughout southern Africa" (Barnard 1992:7). Reprinted a few times.

Schapera, Isaac. 1930.
The Khoisan languages. The Khoisan peoples of South Africa, p. 419-438. London: Regan & Kegan Paul.

Schapera, Isaac. 1963.
The native inhabitants. Cambridge history of the British Empire, v. 8, p. (?). Second edition. Cambridge University Press.

Schinz, Hans. 1891.
Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika: Forschungsreisen durch die deutschen Schutzgebiete Gross-Nama- und Hereroland nach dem Kunene, dem Ngami-See und der KalaXari, 1884-1887. Oldenburg & Leipzig: Schultzesche Hofbuchhandlung. Pp xvi, 568.
Notes: Includes, among other things, data derived from somebody named Pabst who wrote down some words of a South Khoesan language called ≠Kaurure-//nai (Winter 1981:342f).

Schmidt, P. Wilhelm. 1929.
Zur Erforschung der alten Buschmann-Religion. Africa: journal of the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, 2, p. 291-301.

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1973.
Die Mantis religiosa in den Glaubenvorstellungen der Khoesan-Völker. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 98, p. 102-127.

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1979.
The rain bull of the South African Bushmen. African studies, 38 (2), p. 210-224.

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1986.
Tales and beliefs about eyes-on-his-feet: the interrelatedness of Khoisan folklore. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 169-194. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard B. Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1989.
Katalog der Khoisan-Volkerzählungen des südlichen Afrikas / Catalogue of the Khoisan folktales of southern Africa, 2 Bde. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 6. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag. Pp 321; 475.
Reviews etc.: Wilhelm J.G. Möhlig, Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika, v. 12/13 (1991/92) p. 391-400.
Notes: The first volume contains sources and indices; the second contains the tales, which are given in German only.

Schmidt, Sigrid. 1996.
The relevance of the Bleek/Lloyd folktales to the general Khoisan traditions. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 100-121. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Schönland, S. 1903.
On some Hottentot and Bushmen pottery in the collection of the Albany Museum. Records of the Albany Museum (Grahamstown), 1, p. 25-32.

Schultze, Leonard. 1928.
Zur Kenntnis des Körpers der Hottentotten und Buschmänner. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika, v. 5,3, p. 147-227. Jenaische Denkschriften, 17. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Schweiger, P. Albert. 1912.
The Bushman caves of Keilands. Catholic magazine for South Africa, 23, p. (?).

Shaw, Barnabas. 1840.
Memorials of South Africa. London: J. Mason. Pp 371.

Shevoroshkin, Vitaly. 1995.
Genetic relatedness of languages. Languages in the Wurm glaciation: acta colloquii, p. 167-176. Edited by Udo L. Figge. Bochum: Universitätsverlag Dr Norbert Brockmeyer.

Shortridge, Guy Chester. 1934.
The mammals of South West Africa, 2 vols. London: William Heinemann.
Notes: Includes many vocabularies.

Silberbauer, George B. 1959.
First interim report of the Bushman survey, submitted to the Government of Bechuanaland. Typescript. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.
Notes: Includes a map of the Bushman population of Bechuanaland (Köhler 1981:480).

Skotnes, Pippa. (Ed.) 1991.
Sound from the thinking strings: a visual, literary, archaeological and historical interpretation of the final years of /Xam life. Cape Town: Axeage Private Press.
Notes: Printed as a private edition of 50 copies only.

Skotnes, Pippa. (Ed.) 1996.
Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Skotnes, Pippa. 1996.
The thin black line: diversity and transformation in the Bleek and Lloyd collection and the paintings of the southern San. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 234-244. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Smith, Andrew; Malherbe, Candy; Guenther, Mathias [Georg]; Berens, Penny. 2000.
The Bushmen of southern Africa: a foraging society in transition. Cape Town & Athens OH: David Philip Publ.; Ohio University Press. Pp viii, 112.
Reviews etc.: Robert Ross, H-Net book reviews (online), May 2002; Henry C. Jatti Bredekamo, H-Net book reviews (online), February 2003.

Smith, Andrew B.; Sadr, Kadim; Gribble, John; Yates, Royden. 1991.
Excavations on the south-western Cape, and the archaeological identity of prehistoric hunter-gatherers within the last 2000 years. South African archaeological bulletin, 46, p. 71-91.

Sommer, Gabi [Gabriele]. 1992.
A survey on language death in Africa. Language death: factual and theoretical explorations with special reference to East Africa, p. 301-417. Edited by Matthias Brenzinger. Contributions to the sociology of language, 64. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Notes: Survey of endangered languages in Africa, incl. South Khoisan languages (p. 390).

Steyn, H.P. 1984.
Southern Kalahari San subsistence ecology: a reconstruction. South African archaeological bulletin, 39, p. 117-124.
Notes: Work with Khoekhoe-speaking ≠Khomani, N/gamani and N/huki and their recollections of bush life.

Steyn, H.P. 1990.
Vanished lifestyles: the early Cape Khoi and San. Pretoria: Unibook Publ.

Stopa, Roman. 1962.
Bushman as a language of primitive type. Folia orientalia, 4, p. 187-207.

Story, Robert. 1937.
Unpublished materials on the Ki/hazi dialect of Bushman.
Notes: Referred to by Levy (1968:17).

Story, Robert. 1937/99.
K'u/ha:si manuscript - MS collections of the Ki/hazi dialect of Bushman [edited and introduced by Tony Traill]. Khoisan forum working papers, 13, p. 7-34.

Story, Robert. 1958.
Some plants used by the Bushmen in obtaining food and water. Memoirs of the Botanical survey of South Africa, 30. Pretoria: Department of Agriculture (South Africa).

Stow, George William. 1874.
Account of an interview with a tribe of Bushmans in South Africa: communicated by the President [of the Anthropological Institute] and Professor Rupert Jones. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 3 (2), p. 244-247.

Stow, George William. 1905.
The native races of South Africa: a history of the intrusion of Hottentots and Bantu into the hunting grounds of Bushmen, the aborigines of the country. Edited by George McCall Theal. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co. Pp xvi, 618, plates.
Reviews etc.: E. Sidney Hartland, Man, v. 6 (1906) p. 11-13.
Notes: Published posthumously. The author's preface is dated 1880. Reprinted a few times, e.g. 1964 by Cornelis Struik in Cape Town (Africana collectanea, 7).

Swaan, Lourens de. 1956.
Die Boesmans van Suid-Afrika.
Notes: Details wanting.

Szalay, Miklós. 1983.
Ethnologie und Geschichte: zur Grundlegung einer ethnologischen Geschichtsschreibung, mit Beispielen aus der Geschichte der Khoi-San in Südafrika. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
Reviews etc.: H.C.G. Schoenaker, Bijdragen tot de taal-, land- en volkenkunde, v. 139 (11984) p. ?

Szalay, Miklós. 1995.
The San and the colonization of the Cape 1770-1879: conflict, incorporation, acculturation. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 11. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 151.
Reviews etc.: Robert Ross, Journal of African history, v. 38 (1997) p. 165-166; Roger B. Beck, International journal of African historical studies, v. 31 (1998) p. 197-198.

Theal, George McCall. 1896/1911.
Belangrijke historische dokumenten verzameld in de Kaap Kolonie en elders, 3 vols. Kaapstad: Van der Sandt de Villiers & Co.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. (Ed.) 1978.
The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa. With a foreword by Raymond A. Dart. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau. Pp x, 206.
Reviews etc.: Trefor Jenkins, "Southern Africa's model people", South African journal of science, v. 75 (1979) p. 280-282.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
Introduction to the Bushmen or San. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 1-15. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
The San: an evolutionary perspective. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 16-32. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Tobias, Phillip Vallentine. 1978.
Classified bibliography on the San or Bushmen. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 190-198. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Toerien, M.J. 1955.
Transvaal Bushmen: a preliminary note. Leech, 25 (2), p. 13-14.

Toerien, M.J. 1958.
The physical characters of the Lake Chrissie Bushmen. South African journal of medical science, 23, p. 121-124.

Traill, Anthony. 1970.
Linguistic research among the !Xo Bushmen. Botswana notes and records, 2, p. 127.

Traill, Anthony. 1973.
"N4 or S7": another Bushman language. African studies, 32 (1), p. 25-32.
Reviews etc.: Ernst Westphal, "Notes on A. Traill", African studies, v. 33 (1973) p. 243-247; Anthony Traill, "Westphal on 'N4 or S7?': a reply", African studies, v. 33 (1974) p. 249-255.

Traill, Anthony. 1973.
A preliminary sketch of !Xõ Bushman phonetics. Works in progress from the Department of Linguistics, University of Edinburgh, 6, p. 1-23.

Traill, Anthony. 1973.
The compleat guide to the Koon. Mimeographed. Johannesburg: Department of Linguistics, University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. 1974.
Westphal on "N4 or S7?": a reply. African studies, 33 (4), p. 249-255.
Reviews etc.: Anthony Traill, "N4 or S7: another Bushman language", African studies, v. 32 (1973) p. 25-32; Ernst Westphal, "Notes on A. Traill", African studies, v. 33 (1973) p. 243-247.

Traill, Anthony. 1974.
Agreement systems in !Xõ. Limi, new series, 2 (2), p. 12-28.

Traill, Anthony. 1974.
The compleat guide to the Koon: a research report on linguistic fieldwork undertaken in Botswana and South West Africa. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 1. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. Pp ii, 50.
Notes: Reprinted at least once.

Traill, Anthony. 1975.
Phonetic correspondences in the !Xõ dialects: how a Bushman language changes. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies, p. 77-102. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 2. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. (Ed.) 1975.
Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 2. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand. Pp 102.
Notes: Reprinted at least once, e.g. 1978.

Traill, Anthony. 1977.
The phonological status of !Xõo clicks. Khoisan linguistic studies 3, p. 107-131. Edited by Anthony Traill. Communications from the African Studies Institute, 6. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. 1977.
The tonal structure of !Xõ. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1975, p. 11-47. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Traill, Anthony. 1978.
Research on the non-Bantu African languages. Language and communication studies in South Africa, p. 117-137. Edited by Leonard Walter Lanham and Karel P. Prinsloo. Cape Town: Oxford University Press.

Traill, Anthony. 1978.
The languages of the Bushmen. The Bushmen: San hunters and herders of southern Africa, p. 137-147. Edited by Phillip Vallentine Tobias. Cape Town & Pretoria: Human & Rousseau.

Traill, Anthony. 1979.
Another click accompaniment in !Xóõ. Khoisan linguistic studies 5, p. 22-29. Edited by Anthony Traill. Johannesburg: African Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. 1979.
The !Xóõ strength hierarchy. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1977, p. 1-38. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Traill, Anthony. 1980.
Phonetic diversity in the Khoisan languages. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1979, p. 167-189. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Traill, Anthony. 1981.
Khoisan consonants and linguistic universals. Précis from the 12th conference on African linguistics, p. 134-136. Edited by William Ronald Leben. Supplement 8 to Studies in African linguistics. Los Angeles: African Studies Center & Department of Linguistics, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA).

Traill, Anthony. 1981.
Phonetic and phonological studies of !Xóõ Bushman. PhD thesis. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. 1983.
Phonetic details of Khoisan languages. Newsletter of the African Language Association of Southern Africa, 1, p. 3-6.

Traill, Anthony. 1985.
Phonetic and phonological studies of !Xóõ Bushman. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 1. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag. Pp xx, 215.
Reviews etc.: Wilhelm Möhlig, "A new monograph on Khoisan phonetics and phonology", New perspectives on the study of Khoisan (edited by Rainer Vossen, Helmut Buske Verlag, 1988) p. 159-166.
Notes: Revision or reprint of the author's dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, 1981.

Traill, Anthony. 1986.
Do the Khoi have a place in the San? New data on Khoisan linguistic relationships. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 7 (1), p. 407-430.

Traill, Anthony. 1986.
The laryngeal sphincter as a phonatory mechanism in !Xóõ Bushman. Variation, culture and evolution in African populations: papers in honour of Dr Hertha de Villiers, p. 123-131. Edited by Ronald Singer and John K. Lundy. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

Traill, Anthony. 1992.
Pulmonic control, nasal venting and aspiration in Khoisan languages. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 21 (1), p. 13-18.

Traill, Anthony. 1993.
The feature geometry of clicks. Linguistica: festschrift E.B. van Wyk, 'n huldeblyk, p. 134-140. Edited by Paul Michael Siegfried von Staden and others. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.

Traill, Anthony. 1994.
A !Xóõ dictionary. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 9. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp 292.
Reviews etc.: Alec C. Campbell, Botswana notes and records, v. 26 (1994) p. 192-193; Klaus Keuthmann, Afrika und Übersee, v. 78 (1995) p. 285-288; Thomas Widlok, Journal of African languages and linguistics, v. 17 (1996) p. 105-107; Jost Gippert, Lexicology, v. 3 (1997) p. 184-187.

Traill, Anthony. 1994.
Khoesan languages: an overview. Developing Basarwa research and research for Basarwa development, p. 14-18. Edited by Sidsel Saugestad and Joseph Tsonope. Gaborone: National Institute of Development Research and Documentation (NIR), University of Botswana.

Traill, Anthony. 1994.
Linguistic research on the Khoesan languages. Developing Basarwa research and research for Basarwa development, p. 20-24. Edited by Sidsel Saugestad and Joseph Tsonope. Gaborone: National Institute of Development Research and Documentation (NIR), University of Botswana.

Traill, Anthony. 1994.
Structural typology and remote relationships between Zhu and !Xóõ. Manuscript. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Traill, Anthony. 1994.
The perception of clicks in !Xóõ. Journal of African languages and linguistics, 15 (2), p. 161-174.
Notes: Reprinted 2002 in the anthology Mouton classics: from syntax to cognition, from phonology to text.

Traill, Anthony. 1995.
Interpreting /Xam phonology: the need for typological cleansing. The complete linguist: papers in memory of Patrick J. Dickens, p. 509-523. Edited by Anthony Traill, Rainer Vossen and Megan Biesele. Afrikanische Sprachen und Kulturen. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Traill, Anthony. 1995.
Place of articulation features for clicks: anomalies for universals. Studies in general and English phonetics in honour of Professor J.D. O'Connor, p. 121-129. Edited by Jack Windsor Lewis. London: Routledge.

Traill, Anthony. 1995.
The Khoesan languages of South Africa. Language and social history: studies in South African sociolinguistics, p. 1-18. Edited by Rajend Mesthrie. Cape Town: David Philip Publ.

Traill, Anthony. 1996.
!Khwa-ka hhouiten hhouiten "the rush of the storm": the linguistic death of /Xam. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 161-183. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Traill, Anthony. 1997.
Khoisan and Click languages. Encyclopedia of Africa south of the Sahara, v. 2, p. 508-509. Edited by John F.M. Middleton. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Traill, Anthony. 1997.
Extinct: South African Khoisan languages. Johannesburg: Department of Linguistics, University of the Witwatersrand. Pp 28, 1 CD-ROM.
Reviews etc.: Rajend Mesthrie, Journal of sociolinguistics, v. 2 (1998) p. 467-469; Bonny Sands, Glot international, v. 3 (1998).

Traill, Anthony. 1998.
Lexical avoidance in !Xóõ. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 421-437. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Traill, Anthony. 2001.
Structural typology and remote relationships between Zhu and !Xóõ. Sprache und Geschichte in Afrika (SUGIA), 16/17, p. 437-454.

Traill, Anthony. 2002.
The Khoesan languages. Language in South Africa, p. 27-49. Edited by Rajend Mesthrie. Cambridge University Press.

Traill, Anthony; Nakagawa, Hirosi. 2000.
A historical !Xóõ-/Gui contact zone: linguistics and other relations. The state of Khoesan languages in Botswana, p. 1-17. Edited by Herman M. Batibo and Joseph Tsonope. Mogoditshane (Botswana) & Gaborone: Tasalls Publ. & Books for the Basarwa Languages Project, University of Botswana and University of Tromsø.

Traill, Anthony; Sands, Bonny [Eva]. 2007.
Languages: Khoesan and Click. New encyclopedia of Africa, v. 3, p. 228-230. Edited by John F.M. Middleton and Joseph Calder Miller. London: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Treis, Yvonne. 1998.
Names of Khoisan languages and their variants. Language, identity and conceptualization among the Khoisan, p. 463-503. Edited by Mathias Schladt. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung (Research in Khoisan studies), 15. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Tucker, Archibald Norman; Bryan, Margaret Arminel. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa. With a supplement on the non-Bantu languages of southern Africa by Ernst O.J. Westphal. Handbook of African languages, 3. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI). Pp xv, 228.
Reviews etc.: W.H. Whiteley, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 19 (1957) p. 616-617.

Varthema, Ludovico di. 1510.
Itinerario di Ludovico de Varthema. Roma. Pp cii, 40.
Notes: "Ludovico di Varthema, an Italian adventurer who visited Moçambique about 1505, relates how in a mountain of caves on the mainland of Moçambique, was a people of dwarfish stature and yellow skin, whose speech was full of clicks. He compares these clicks to the noises made by Sicilian mule-drivers in urging on their beasts" (Johnston 1913:380).

Varthema, Ludovico di. 1863.
The travels of Ludovico di Varthema in Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix, in Persia, India, and Ethiopia, AD 1503 to 1508. Translated from the original Italian edition of 1510 by John Winter Jones, and edited, with notes and an introduction, by George Percy Badge. Works issued by the Hakluyt Society, 32. London. Pp cxxi, 320.

Varthema, Ludovico di. 1885.
Itinerario di Ludovico de Varthema. Nuovamente posto in luce da Alberto Bacchi della Lega. Bologna: G. Romagnoli. Pp li, 285.
Notes: Reprinted several times.

Varthema, Ludovico di. 1888.
Les voyages de Ludovico di Varthema. Traduits de l'italien en français par J. Balarin de Raconis, publiés et annotés par M. Ch. Schefer. Paris: Ernest Leroux. Pp lxxi, 406.

Varthema, Ludovico di. 1928.
The itinerary of Ludovico di Varthema of Bologna, from 1502 to 1508. Translated from the original Italian edition of 1510, by John Winter Jones, F.S.A., in 1863 for the Hakluyt Society. London: Argonaut Press.
Notes: Could be a reprint.

Vedder, Hermann Heinrich. 1909.
Vermutungen über den Ursprung der Hottentotten (Nama) und Buschmänner (Saan). Archiv für die Herero- und Namasprache in Deutsch Südwestafrika, 9. Windhoek: Rheinischen Missionsgesellschaft.

Vedder, Hermann Heinrich. 1934.
Das alte Südwestafrika: Südwestafrikas Geschichte bis zum Tode Mahareros 1890 nach dem besten schriftlichen und mündlichen Quellen erzählt. Berlin: Martin Warneck. Pp xx, 686.
Notes: Vedder's book "is the standard history of German South-West Africa. It also contains summaries of relevant ethnographic information from nineteenth and early twentieth-century sources" (Barnard 1992:64). Reprinted 1981 the SWA/Namibia Scientific Society in Windhoek (ISBN-10 0-949995-33-9).

Vedder, Hermann Heinrich. 1937.
Die voorgeskiedenis van Suidwes-Afrika. Windhoek.

Vinnicombe, Patricia. 1960.
A fishing scene from the Tsoelike River, south-eastern Basutoland. South African archaeological bulletin, 15, p. 15-19.

Vinnicombe, Patricia. 1961.
A painting of a fish-trap on Bamboo Mountain, Underberg District, southern Natal. South African archaeological bulletin, 16, p. 114-115.

Vinnicombe, Patricia. 1975.
The ritual significance of eland (taurotragus oryt) in the rock art of southern Africa. Les religions de la prehistoire, p. (?). Edited by E. Anati. Symposium 1072. Capo di Ponte (Italy): Centro Preistorici.

Vinnicombe, Patricia. 1976.
People of the Eland: rock paintings of the Drakensberg Bushmen as a reflection of their life and thought. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press. Pp xx, 388.

Vinnicombe, Patricia. 1986.
Rock art, territory and land rights. The past and future of !Kung ethnography (Festschrift Lorna Marshall), p. 275-309. Edited by Megan Biesele, Robert James Gordon and Richard Borshay Lee. Quellen zur Khoisan-Forschung, 4. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Voss, A.E. 1987.
The image of the Bushman in South African English writing of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. English in Africa, 14 (1), p. 21-40.

Vuuren, Helize van. 1994.
Forgotten territory: the oral tradition of the /Xam. Alternation (Durban), 1 (2), p. 57-74.

Vuuren, Helize van. 1995.
Die mondelinge tradisie van die /Xam en 'n herlees van Von Wielligh se boesman-stories. Tydskrif vir letterkunde, 33 (5), p. 25-35.

Wadley, Lynn. 1996.
The Bleek and Lloyd records of death and burial: the problems that these present to archaeologists. Voices from the past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection, p. 271-286. Edited by Janette Deacon and Thomas A. Dowson. Khoisan heritage series. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
Notes: Discusses /Xam, Naro and !Xung burials.

Watson, Stephen. (Ed.) 1991.
Return of the moon: versions from the /Xam. Cape Town: Carrefour Press. Pp 80.
Notes: Revised edition published 1996 as Song of the broken string.

Watson, Stephen. 1996.
Song of the broken string: after the /Xam bushmen (poems from a lost oral tradition). Revised edition. Riverdale-on-Hudson NY: Sheep Meadow Press. Pp xxvi, 75.
Notes: Revised edition of Return of the moon: versions from the /Xam.

Weinberg, Paul. 1996.
Footprints in the sand. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 331-341. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Wendt, Wolfgang Erich. 1981.
Die letzten Sammler und Jäger aus der südlichen Namib; mit Fotos aus dem Nachlass des O. von Lossow. Afrikanischer Heimatkalender, 52, p. 45-62.
Notes: On "Saan zwischen Orange und Witpütz" (Strohmeyer 1982:207).

Westermann, Diedrich. 1952.
African linguistic classification. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 22, p. 250-256.
Notes: Review article on Greenberg's "Studies in African linguistic classification" which had appeared in Southwestern journal of anthropology, vols 5 (1949) and 6 (1950).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1953-1971.
The E.O.J. Westphal papers. Manuscripts, papers, correspondence, ref. BC 1143/A, BC 1143/B, BC 1143/C1-15, BC 1143/D. Rare Documents and Manuscripts Department, University of Cape Town.
Notes: Unpublished notes and manuscripts; some typed, some pencilled. Includes material on/about/titled Hua = West ≠Hua (BC 1143/C1), Danisin (BC 1143/C2), G//oro (BC 1143/C3), Kwadi (BC 1143/C4-C5), Ganade (BC 1143/C6), Hande (BC 1143/C7), Shua (BC 1143/C8), Deti (BC 1143/C9), G//abake, Kwe, Kolee (BC 1143/C10), Ng/amani (BC 1143/C11), Ng/huki (BC 1143/C12), Suwan + paper "Not all Bushmen are Bushmen" (BC 1143/C13), x''e, Bushmen of Amsterdam, district Ermelo, i.e. //Xegwi (BC 1143/C14), "!Xu: other collectors' notes and vocabularies" (BC 1143/C15,2), "!Xu doublets and phonetics" (BC 1143/C15,3), "!Xu grammar" by Terttu Heikkinen (BC 1143/C15,4). There is also a huge pile of unsorted note cards on various aspects of !Xu, Xhegwi, Bush ABCD, Khoe (BC 1143/D). Other parts include the papers "The peopling of southern Africa" (BC1143/A) and "Lexical evidence for Bush-Hott classification" (BC1143/B).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1956.
The non-Bantu languages of southern Africa (supplement). The non-Bantu languages of north-eastern Africa, p. 158-173. Edited by Archibald Norman Tucker and Margaret Arminel Bryan. London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute (IAI).

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1962.
On classifying Bushman and Hottentot languages. African language studies, 3, p. 30-48.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1962.
A re-classification of southern African non-Bantu languages. Journal of African languages, 1 (1), p. 1-8.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1963.
The linguistic prehistory of southern Africa: Bush, Kwadi, Hottentot and Bantu linguistic relationships. Africa: journal of the International African Institute, 33 (3), p. 237-265.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1966.
Linguistic research in SWA and Angola. Die ethnischen Gruppen Südwestafrikas, p. 125-144. Wissenschaftliche Forschung in Südwestafrika, 3. Windhoek: Südwestafrikanische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft.
Notes: Includes lexical specimens from G//abake, Shua, Buka, Xû, Nharo, Dama, Kwadi, Zhu/hõasi, ≠Au//eîn, Maligo, ≠Hûa, Ng/amani, Ng/huki, and //Xegwi.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1971.
The click languages of southern and eastern Africa. Current trends in linguistics, 7: linguistics in sub-Saharan Africa, p. 367-420. Edited by Thomas Albert Sebeok. The Hague & Paris: Mouton & Co.

Westphal, Ernst Oswald Johannes. 1980.
The age of 'Bushman' languages in southern Africa. Bushman and Hottentot linguistic studies 1979, p. 59-79. Edited by Jan Winston Snyman. Pretoria: University of South Africa (UNISA).

Willcox, Alex R. 1956.
Rock paintings of the Drakensberg: Natal and Griqualand East. London: Max Parrish.

Willcox, Alex R. 1963.
The rock art of South Africa. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons.

Willcox, Alex R. 1983.
Comment on J.D. Lewis-Williams' "The economic and social context of southern San rock art". Current anthropology, 24, p. 538-540.

Willcox, Alex R. 1984.
The Drakensberg Bushmen and their art, with a guide to the rock-painting sites. Natal: Drakensberg Publ.

Wilman, M. 1909.
Notes on some Bushman paintings in the Thaba Bosigo District, Basutoland. South African journal of science, 7, p. 417-421.

Wilman, M. 1933.
The rock engravings of Griqualand West and Bechuanaland, South Africa. Cambridge: The University Press.
Reviews etc.: Carl Meinhof, Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen, v. 25 (1934/35) p. 315-316.

Wilmsen, Edwin N. 1996.
Decolonising the mind: steps toward cleansing the Bushman stain from southern African history. Miscast: negotiating the presence of the Bushmen, p. 185-189. Edited by Pippa Skotnes. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.

Wilson, Monica Hunter. 1969.
The hunters and herders. The Oxford history of South Africa, 1: to 1870, p. 40-74. Edited by Monica Wilson and Leonard M. Thompson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wilson, Monica Hunter; Thompson, Leonard M. (Ed.) 1969/71.
The Oxford history of South Africa, 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp 502; 584.
Reviews etc.: Anthony Atmore, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 33 (1970) p. 435-436; Anthony Atmore, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, v. 35 (1972) p. 678-680; Leslie Clement Duly, International journal of African historical studies, v. 5 (1972) p. 696-700; R. Hunt Davis jnr, African studies review, v. 16 (1973) p. 291-294.

Wilson, Monica Hunter; Thompson, Leonard M. (Ed.) 1982.
A history of South Africa to 1870. Cape Town: David Philip Publ.
Notes: This is either a revised edition or reprint.

Wilson, Michael L. 1986.
Notes on the nomenclature of the Khoisan. Annals of the South African Museum, 97 (8), p. 251-266.

Winter, Jürgen Christoph. 1981.
Khoisan. Die Sprachen Afrikas, p. 329-374. Edited by Bernd Heine, Thilo C. Schadeberg and Ekkehard Wolff. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.

Woodhouse, Herbert Charles. 1971.
Strange relationships between men and eland in the rock paintings of South Africa. South African journal of science, 67, p. 345-348.

Wright, John B. 1971.
Bushman raiders of the Drakensberg, 1840-1870: a study of their conflict with stock-keeping peoples in Natal. Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press. Pp ix, 235.

Wuras, Carl Friedrich. 1919/20.
An outline of the Bushman language [edited by Walter Bourquin]. Zeitschrift für Eingeborenen-Sprachen (Berlin), 10, p. 81-87.
Notes: The author gives no language name, so the language dealt with has come to be known as "Wuras' Bushman".

Ziervogel, Dirk. 1955.
Notes on the language of the eastern Transvaal Bushmen. The disappearing Bushmen of Lake Chrissie, p. 34-64. Edited by Ewart F. Potgieter. Hidding-Currie publications of the University of South Africa, 1. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.

Ziervogel, Dirk. 1955.
A grammatical sketch of the language of the !Ko Bushmen, from material collected by H.-J. Heinz. Manuscript.
Notes: Source?


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